The Global vector control response GVCR — approved by the World Health Assembly provides strategic guidance to countries and development partners for urgent strengthening of vector control as a fundamental approach to preventing disease and responding to outbreaks.
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To achieve this a re-alignment of vector control programmes is required, supported by increased technical capacity, improved infrastructure, strengthened monitoring and surveillance systems, and greater community mobilization. Ultimately, this will support implementation of a comprehensive approach to vector control that will enable the achievement of disease-specific national and global goals and contribute to achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and Universal Health Coverage.
WHO Secretariat provides strategic, normative and technical guidance to countries and development partners for strengthening vector control as a fundamental approach based on GVCR to preventing disease and responding to outbreaks. Specifically WHO responds to vector-borne diseases by:.
A crucial element in vector-borne diseases is behavioural change. WHO works with partners to provide education and improve awareness so that people know how to protect themselves and their communities from mosquitoes, ticks, bugs, flies and other vectors. For many diseases such as Chagas disease, malaria, schistosomiasis and leishmaniasis, WHO has initiated control programmes using donated or subsidized medicines.
Access to water and sanitation is a very important factor in disease control and elimination. WHO works together with many different government sectors to control these diseases. WHO's work on vector control.
Vector-borne diseases 31 October More than 3. Malaria causes more than deaths every year globally, most of them children under 5 years of age.
Other diseases such as Chagas disease, leishmaniasis and schistosomiasis affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Many of these diseases are preventable through informed protective measures. Main vectors and diseases they transmit Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases between humans or from animals to humans.
Mosquitoes Aedes Chikungunya Dengue fever Lymphatic filariasis Rift Valley fever Yellow fever Zika Anopheles Malaria Lymphatic filariasis Culex Japanese encephalitis Lymphatic filariasis West Nile fever Sandflies Leishmaniasis Sandfly fever phelebotomus fever Ticks Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever Lyme disease Relapsing fever borreliosis Rickettsial diseases spotted fever and Q fever Tick-borne encephalitis Tularaemia Triatomine bugs Chagas disease American trypanosomiasis Tsetse flies Sleeping sickness African trypanosomiasis Fleas Plague transmitted by fleas from rats to humans Rickettsiosis Black flies Onchocerciasis river blindness Aquatic snails Schistosomiasis bilharziasis Lice Typhus and louse-borne relapsing fever Vector-borne diseases Vector-borne diseases are human illnesses caused by parasites, viruses and bacteria that are transmitted by mosquitoes, sandflies, triatomine bugs, blackflies, ticks, tsetse flies, mites, snails and lice.
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Main vectors and diseases they transmit
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The majority of cockroaches from the Samutprakarn province of Thailand are carriers of parasitic organisms Pennapa Chamavit , Panupong Sahaisook , Nunthawadee Niamnuy. Evaluation of transmission of bovine viral diarrhea virus BVDV between persistently infected and naive cattle by the horn fly Haematobia irritans Manuel F. References Publications referenced by this paper. Mechanical transport and transmission of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts by wild filth flies.
Thaddeus K. House flies Musca domestica as transport hosts of Cryptosporidium parvum.
Graczyk , Michael R.