Stop whining, will you. Yes, yes, I know you had your genitals mutilated with a razor blade, and But stop whining, will you. Think of the suffering your poor American sisters have to put up with. Only this week I heard of one, she calls herself Skep"chick", and do you know what happened to her? A man in a hotel elevator invited her back to his room for coffee. I am not exaggerating.
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He really did. He invited her back to his room for coffee. Of course she said no, and of course he didn't lay a finger on her, but even so And you, Muslima, think you have misogyny to complain about! For goodness sake grow up, or at least grow a thicker skin. Richard [Dawkins] .
Dawkins was criticized by atheists and others for his remarks. It's very bad. Atheist men are alienating the people we want to work with us on the very same problems…that you cited in your comment. The man in the elevator didn't physically touch her, didn't attempt to bar her way out of the elevator, didn't even use foul language at her […] [Rebecca] was probably offended to about the same extent as I am offended if a man gets into an elevator with me chewing gum.
I will no longer recommend his books to others, buy them as presents, or buy them for my own library. I will not attend his lectures or recommend that others do the same. As part of a reaction to the controversy, Skepchick writers wrote open letters to Dawkins explaining why they believed his comments were offensive and misguided.
Dawkins strongly argues for a genetic basis for homosexuality and postulates that the gene was preserved through various social and cultural processes. In a talk at Kennesaw State University , he said that "[Evolution] is the explanation for why we exist. It is not something to guide our lives in our own society. Dawkins has expressed pro-choice views. On March 13, , Dawkins tweeted, "With respect to those meanings of "human" that are relevant to the morality of abortion, any fetus is less human than an adult pig.
Smith , a senior fellow at the Discovery Institute 's Center on Human Exceptionalism which advocates the pseudoscientific principle of intelligent design saying that the statement was "utter nonsense…[Dawkins would] fail high school biology". Dawkins later apologized.
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Dawkins is a supporter of animal rights. He has stated that he believes many kinds of animals have consciousness. It's an evolved, emergent quality of brains. It's very likely that most mammals have consciousness, and probably birds, too. The word 'apes' usually means chimpanzees, gorillas, orang-utans, gibbons and siamangs. We admit that we are like apes, but we seldom realise that we are apes. Our common ancestor with the chimpanzees and gorillas is much more recent than their common ancestor with the Asian apes — the gibbons and orang-utans. There is no natural category that includes chimpanzees, gorillas and orang-utans but excludes humans.
Dawkins suffered what he describes as "thirty seconds" of a "mild feeling-up" by a school teacher when he was "about nine or ten years old". Mehdi Hasan criticised his use of anecdotal evidence for the controversial claim in a Al Jazeera English interview. In the book An Appetite for Wonder he penned a paragraph on his recollection of being molested by a teacher, telling friends who the same thing had happened to, and the teacher's suicide. He argued that the sexual abuse he had received was "mild" and that he would not judge his teacher by the "standards of today", for which he was heavily criticised.
Dawkins expressed publicly that views in his own autobiography were intended as a reflection of his feelings about his own experiences, and that his comments in his autobiography were not intended to minimise the suffering of other people, and apologised for them. The comments generated controversy, with Peter Watt, the director of child protection at the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children , responded by saying that "Mr.
Dawkins seems to think that because a crime was committed a long time ago we should judge it in a different way. But we know that the victims of sexual abuse suffer the same effects whether it was 50 years ago or today. Dawkins is a noted critic of religion , atheist , anti-theist , anti-religionist and a secular humanist. Dawkins advocates for what he calls "militant atheism" and believes that atheists should not hide their identities so that they can be better integrated into politics and society.
Dawkins has written that some of his main points in The God Delusion were that atheists can be happy and moral and that they should not be apologetic about their religious identities. Dawkins has repeatedly criticized Christianity , believing that it has been a negative force throughout history. Dawkins has argued that Jesus was a theist because everybody in his time was, and that his ethics should be separated from his theology. However, Dawkins, along with his criticism of Christian fundamentalists , has also criticized moderate Christians for fueling extremists by showing exterior niceness.
What I do think about the difference, and let's leave out Muslims specifically, but the difference between moderate religious people and extremist religious people is that although of course it's only a tiny minority of any sect which is ever going to get violent or horrible, there is a sense in which the moderate nice religious people — nice Christians, nice Muslims — make the world safe for extremists.
Because the moderates are so nice we all are brought up with the idea that there's something good about religion and faith. That there's something good about bringing children up to have faith. Dawkins has also been critical of extreme Islam , while also indicating he has no great issue with the adherents of moderate Islam. Due to his views on Islamic extremism , Dawkins declared that " Islam is the greatest force for evil in the world today". Dawkins has openly criticized irrational beliefs in Islam such as an embryo starts as a blob, semen comes from the spine and the sun sets in a marsh.
Individual Muslims suffer more from Islam than anyone else. They suffer from the homophobia, the misogyny, the joylessness which is preached by extreme Islam, Isis and the Iranian regime. I am against Islam not least because of the unpleasant effects it has on the lives of Muslims.
In July , Berkeley radio station KPFA cancelled a scheduled book event with Dawkins, after listeners called to complain about such comments, citing a tweet in which he called Islam "the greatest force for evil in the world today". Dawkins said that Islam is not the main problem behind the actions of ISIS : "Religion itself is not responsible for this… It's also this feeling of political involvement.
There is a belief that every word of the Koran is literally true, and there's a kind of close-mindedness which is, I think, less present in the former Christendom…There are people in the Islamic world who simply say, 'Islam is right, and we are going to impose our will. They did great things in the Middle Ages, though. A statement of simple fact is not bigotry. And science by Muslims was great in the distant past. Interesting concept: a simple statement of undeniable FACT can be offensive. Other examples where facts should be hidden because offensive?
You don't have to read Mein Kampf to have an opinion about Nazism. Dawkins also commented on the short film Fitna produced by Geert Wilders , a film that argues that Islam promotes violence among its followers. Fitna caused an international uproar. Dawkins wrote that while Geert has done things that "justify epithets such as 'disgusting', or 'racist,' as far as this film is concerned, I can see nothing in it to substantiate such extreme vilification Geert Wilders, if it should turn out that you are a racist or a gratuitous stirrer and provocateur I withdraw my respect, but on the strength of Fitna alone I salute you as a man of courage, who has the balls to stand up to a monstrous enemy.
Dawkins was opposed to the Iraq War. Dawkins blamed Islam as a whole for the Charlie Hebdo shooting. His comments resulted in criticisms from several publications, including Al Jazeera , The Guardian , and Salon , deriding him as Islamophobic. Some have never been violent, some gave it up centuries ago.
One religion conspicuously didn't," referring to Islam. In the stem cell controversy , Dawkins favors stem cell research, even if it involves human embryos. The illogical and hypocritical inconsistency between [George W. In an issue of New Statesman , Dawkins heavily criticized Cameron for what he saw as Cameron promoting religion, and specifically Christianity, in the UK and particularly denounced government-supported faith schools. A depressingly large number of intelligent and educated people […] still vaguely presume without thinking about it that religious faith is somehow 'good' for other people, good for society, good for public order, good for instilling morals, good for the common people even if we chaps don't need it.
Yes, but isn't that largely what lies behind successive governments' enthusiasm for faith schools? Regarding Scottish independence , Dawkins joined more than celebrities, including Helena Bonham Carter , Judi Dench , Stephen Hawking , and Andrew Lloyd Webber , in signing an open letter stating, "We want to let you know how very much we value our bonds of citizenship with you, and to express our hope that you will vote to renew them.
What unites us is much greater than what divides us. Let's stay together," urging the Scottish people to vote "no" on the referendum on the issue. Dawkins was very critical of the United States government under George W. Bush , especially his Iraq War decisions. He criticized Bush by stating that "George W.
Bush says that God told him to invade Iraq a pity God didn't vouchsafe him a revelation that there were no weapons of mass destruction. Maybe the nonbelievers lobby is a lot more powerful than they realize. September 11 was your golden Pearl Harbor. This was how you'd get elected in not re-elected, elected. You would announce a War on Terror.
American troops would win. And you would be the victorious warlord, swaggering in a flight suit before a Mission Accomplished banner. It worked in Afghanistan. But then those puppeteers moved on to their long-term project: Iraq. You surely aren't going to stoop to some kind of biblical justification for picking on that land rather than, say, Bavaria or Madagascar?
He tweeted, "[t]he extent of the destruction in Gaza is obscene. Poor people. Poor people who have lost their homes, their relatives, everything. Dawkins accepts that global warming is a major problem facing the world currently. He supported an initiative in which 56 newspapers from 47 countries simultaneously published a joint editorial expressing their views on climate change in order to promote awareness of the problem.
He wrote, "[w]hatever you think about global warming and whether humans are responsible, I think we have to salute this remarkable feat of international cooperation. You could say that the human species is a threat to the human species. I recommend Al Gore's film on global warming. See it and weep. Not just for the human species. Weep for what we could have had in , but for the vote-rigging in Jeb Bush's Florida. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Play media. The Guardian Podcast. Retrieved January 29, The New York Times. British Politics: a critical introduction. Continuum International Publishing Group.
British Politics Today. June 11, The Hysteric either finds himself leading from a position of passion or following from a position of suffering Ooten, Unpublished. For Type 5, the Sage, or the Wizard at this level, it is good to be close to the king but not the king. This allows for a position of power from a safe distance. At this level, the Wizard maintains a foothold in the previous level of consciousness and brings forth the elements of the magical in a way that represents artful genius. From a Wizard platform, they maintain a position of intellectual power and distance from the perpetrators.
Depending on their intellectual prowess they can either move into the perpetrator or prey position Ooten, Unpublished. Type Six, the Questioner, is the Conniver at the Red level. The Conniver has the ability to move into the phobic prey space or the counterphobic perpetrator space. The phobic Conniver uses her intellectual faculties to move towards those more powerful to be protected. The counterphobic moves into a position of perpetrator, defending their hedonistic desires intellectually Ooten, Unpublished.
At this level, Type Seven, the Adventurer, functions as the Addict. The Addict lives for today, indulging all hedonistic sensual and sexual pleasures, because tomorrow may not come. For the Addict, planning is engaged in day by day by day, having the most pleasure possible each moment. The Addict soothes the pain by whatever means possible. At this level of adult psycho-social behavior, Type Eight, the Defender, is the perpetrator, excessively controlling and dominating from a position of totality and fear as the Amazon or War Lord. The Eight operates as a protector for a price.
At this stage of development, Type Nine, the Moderator, is the Imploder and has a greater capacity for being in touch with his own needs, rather than the needs of others, than at other levels in the first tier. He is driven by the internalized or imploded anger that gives him permission to indulge narcissistically in his own desires and pleasures.
The imploding of anger is likely to move the Nine into a position of isolation Ooten, Unpublished. At this level of awareness Type Two, the Provider, places herself in the Servant role to the authority, the organization, or the cause, dedicating herself to a life of service and sacrifice for all.
At this level Type Two uses guilt as a primary source to motivate self and manipulate others to obey the group authorities and rules for future gains Ooten, Unpublished. The Three believes that a strict adherence to the game plan will win great rewards in the future. Hard work, dedication and perseverance are expected and are reward enough for the present moment. Guilt can creep in if the Three allows for slacking of self or others in the group Ooten, Unpublished.
The Four, the Idealist, at this level is concerned with an inner code of conduct that inflicts internal suffering. The Four serves as the Living Sacrifice for the good of all. This introspection can be used to create, condemn or destroy, depending on the attentional focus of the individual Four Ooten, Unpublished.
Type Five, the Sage, operates as the Gnostic at this level by being the keeper of the knowledge. Type Six, the Questioner becomes the Obligationist at the Blue level, as duty calls the righteous to battle for the good of all. Type Six understands that sacrifice is necessary to ensure safety and security for the group. The Six sacrifices self and is subsumed in the group, believing that this is the only way to attain salvation. Type Seven, the Adventurer, performs as the Imaginer at the Blue level. The cause is what is important, truth is relative Ooten, Unpublished.
Type Eight, the Defender, appears at the Blue level as the Enforcer. Type Eight at this level of consciousness is prepared to die for the group and the cause, knowing that this alone brings about absolute salvation, the ultimate power Ooten, Unpublished. There is no need for guilt when inequality is a given, and disharmony comes only when one does not accept the truth. Type Nine at this level finds safety in not rocking the boat; compliance is easy when everything is prescriptive and choice is virtually eliminated Ooten, Unpublished. Type One believes that his way is the right way; he applies high standards of integrity and attention to detail to succeed through continual self-improvement.
Ones at this level are concerned with rules, codification, how things are being allotted, and who is right and who is wrong. The Auditor audits himself more than anyone else Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Indispensability in organizations as the Executive Assistant, whether business, familial or social, is the key means of maintaining and achieving success for Type Two, the Executive Assistant at the Orange level. The Provider wants his giving to be recognized, appreciated and rewarded Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Type Three, the Doer, develops and maintains a pristine image of competency and efficiency in the climb to the top.
Operating as the CEO role in the Orange level, achievement is more important than anything else. The chameleon-like abilities of Type Three are applied to creating a waterproof image that instills trust and confidence in those with whom they relate. At the Orange level, the CEO wants others to think that she knows what she is doing, and that she will lead others where they want to go.
The sky is the limit, the mountaintop is the requirement, and failure is not an option. Every person and every event is an opportunity to achieve success Ooten, Unpublished. Envy drives competition and an emphasis on having material possessions for Type Four, the Idealist, who operates at the Orange level as the Manipulator. Type Five, the Sage, works at the Orange level as the Investigator, containing and preserving energy to direct it into seeking rational answers and best results.
Intellectual learning, analyzing, and thinking drive the pursuit of knowledge for scientific and personal gain. Rationality is elevated as the best philosophic and scientific approach to life. Type Five at the Orange level attempts to be devoid of feelings, which cannot be quantified and qualitatively measured and lives from a state of superrationality Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, The independent mindset at the Orange level reduces the ability to trust in an outside authority and Type Six, The Questioner, must look inward for authority.
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Yet, Type Six still questions and doubts her inner authority. Questioning the inner authority, combined with needing external scientific proof, leads Type Six to become the Frenetic. Faith in an external authority is mistrusted. This drive can create courageous action through risk taking to seek ways to advance, forcing through fears and questions Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, At this level, Type Seven, the Adventurer, sees the world as full of opportunity.
As the Innovator, he or she is resourceful, using patterns of possibility-seeking and interconnecting ideas to envision and create, charming others to get for self. Type Eight, the Defender, shows up as the Boss at the Orange level, motivated by materialism and avoiding the fear of being controlled at all costs. At this level, the Boss works to ensure that he or she maintains positions of authority, imposing his own version of truth on situations and others. Intensity and lust are channeled into empire building.
The Boss can only follow a very strong leader, and if one is not present, will quickly take over the group consciously or unconsciously. Type Eight at the Orange level believes that being an island is a protection from vulnerability Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Type Nine, the Moderator, will go along with others to attain the fulfillment of her own desires—it is beneficial to go along with the group when the group is going in the same direction.
The Consistent Self operates at a slow, steady, plodding, consistent pace of progress for material gain and advancement. Passive aggressiveness aids in maintaining her autonomy to reach her own goals when her goals are different from the group, partner, family or workplace. Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, The Objector looks to uphold a cause that reflects Green level values like diversity, justice, and preserving the environment. This sacrifice of self is exhausting and diminishes the impact the Provider could make on the world Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, The exploration of feelings becomes acceptable at the Green level, and for Type Three doing is combined with an image of caring.
Energy is applied to make the world a better place through serving groups and populations that match her ideas of a better world. Consensus-seeking often mires down progress Ooten, Unpublished. Type 4, The Idealist, at the Green Level, acts as the Connector, connecting to the community and other individuals. He values the need to connect and serve the community over connecting with self, which perpetuates an illusion of abandonment. Much time and energy is spent processing the range of feelings of others and sometimes of self. He shares what is in his heart that he perceives will be valued by the community, while keeping the darkness still locked inside Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, At this level, Type Five can begin to recognize the presence of emotions and needs.
The heart is considered, pondered, and reflected upon Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, In allowing herself to trust others, she begins to learn to trust herself. She finds connection with others through serving as the Champion for underdog causes, the downtrodden, and the disenfranchised. In the egalitarian mindset of Type Six in the Green level, she still does not trust authority figures, and she does not trust herself as an authority Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Type Seven, the Adventurer, in the Green level is the Conceptualizer who sees that pain not only limits self but others as well.
He envisions an egalitarian society where limitations in life are eliminated for all. The Conceptualizer turns attention about limitations outward and sympathizes with others, to avoid his own pain. Connecting with others requires vulnerability. Energy to avoid this inner vulnerability is channeled into being the Protector by leading causes, protecting the weak and fighting for the disadvantaged Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, The Green level for Type Nine, the Moderator, becomes a spiritual bypass where time is wasted in spiritual-like pursuits that bring no real change.
Type Nine can become very comfortable in the consensusseeking and status quo of the Green meme. The ego for Type Nine most wants a communal existence with others that is conflict-free and easy to maintain, yet avoidance of conflict can never bring true harmony Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, In the momentous shift into the Second Tier, Type One, the Judge, finds connection with her heart and embodies compassion. Instead of projecting the ideal, the Idealist Self becomes the ideal. From the acceptance of the Yellow level, the Judge is able to relax judgment and criticism of self and others.
Judgment is transformed as the boundaries of good and bad dissolve into grays, and the Idealist Self can allow herself to be who she is, visioning from the understanding that all is good Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Type Two, the Provider, recognizes in the Second Tier that because he is part of the whole of existence, his own needs are equally important as the needs of others. Manipulation turns into resourcefulness as Type Two operates as the Facilitator, able to match needs and resources for the benefit of all, including himself.
By seeing the value of all the ways of being in the world, Type Three, the Doer, can allow herself to be authentic. When energy is no longer spent in creating different images for different audiences, it can instead be effectively channeled into what she has to offer the world as she spreads hope as the Teacher. Rather than losing time in frenetic doing to compensate for a deep sense of valuelessness, the illusion of having to do to be loved is transformed into being able to make the best use of her time for serving the world Ooten, Unpublished.
Realizing that everything is interwoven, Type Four, the Idealist, relies on intuition and knows that nothing can be missing from the interconnected whole, and that everything is love. Loosening his image of uniqueness, he experiences the simultaneous individuality and homogeneity of existence, which allows him to tap into his Intuitive Self. From accessing intuition, his deep sense of abandonment becomes transformed into the knowing that he is love and a lightness of heart emerges. Knowing who he is empowers him to make intense change in the world Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Through the awareness that energy is never created nor destroyed, Type Five, the Sage, no longer has to conserve, and through non-attachment, can step forward energetically into interactions and interconnections with others.
Through accessing her heart, knowledge becomes understanding, and she is empowered as the Quantum Healer to bring healing to the world Esposito, ; Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, In the Yellow level of consciousness, Type Six, the Questioner, is able to trust himself for the first time. The Trusting Self transforms rigidity and inconsistency into solidity as faith is embodied. From an understanding of the need for adaptive, flexible systems, the Trusting Self can operate under external authority when needed, or can serve as the authority. At this stage of evolution, Type Seven, the Unified Self, recognizes that pain is an integral aspect of existence, and that pleasure is possible only when contrasted with the pain.
This realization brings freedom of heart, and the Unified Self can turn his mental abilities to integrating complex concepts that address existential issues and world problems Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Seeing that true strength lies in softness and openness, Type Eight, the Defender, can relax into her vulnerability and innocence, which gives her true power. From the empowerment that comes in accepting her own vulnerability, the Coach empowers others and facilitates change in organizations and systems Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, In the interconnected web of life, everything has importance and value.
This recognition allows Type 9, the Moderator, to be clear in expressing his own priorities while also collaborating with others to create change in the world. In loosening the illusion of separation, he sees the importance of himself and his work in the world where he serves as the Ambassador Self for all people Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, There is no right or wrong, no good or bad.
From this non-dual perspective, Type One serves the universe as the Unifier, and this wisdom is applied to defining ways of life that benefit the whole and ensure the continuation of existence Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Type Two, the Provider, emerges in the Turquoise level recognizing that we all have needs, are all loveable, and are all free.
There is no separation between the needs of an individual and the collective needs of the whole. At this level Type Two serves with true humility in the role of Social Servant, working within the universe to provide for the whole. She is truly free because she operates with surrender to the flow of the universal direction and will. Type Four, the Idealist, understands that we can never be separate because there is no time and space. We are one with all as an integral aspect of the unfolding of reality and never apart from the Source, Origin.
Embodying this oneness, Type Four serves as the Inclusive Self, knowing that all are part of the overwhelming beauty of existence, and fiercely defends the continued existence of life Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, In seeing the individual reflection of the whole and the whole reflecting the individual, Type Five, the Sage, lives from omniscience as the Integrative Self, knowing that even the unknown is part of the whole. Knowledge is combined with action to become true understanding for the collective consciousness of all beings Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Enlightenment comes through the experience of direct knowing and intuitive direct connection to consciousness.
In listening directly to unity consciousness through mindfulness and meditation, doubts and fear dissolve Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, Type Six, the Questioner, understands at the Turquoise level that fear is simply one aspect of the multitude of experiences, and it has no more meaning than any other experience Ooten, Unpublished. Realizing that life and death are merely energy states, the Faithful Self understands that security is always present and trusts in reality as it unfolds.
Faith and trust in the unknowing brings courage to act spontaneously and allows Type Six to lead the continuation of life Esposito, ; Ooten, Knowing that nothing exists outside the eternal now, including the self, Type Seven, the Adventurer, allows the universe to reveal itself while playing a part in its unfolding.
Understanding how all the intricate parts are merely representations of the whole, the Renaissance Self envisions new ways of being for all, and by transcending illusions of limitations of space and time, has constancy to lead others right here, right now Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, All ways of being are components of the greater whole. Able to see the truth in all perspectives, the energy, intensity and drive of Type Eight, the Defender, is used magnanimously as the Way Shower to evolve the collective consciousness for the benefit of all.
Relaxing into vulnerability allows innocence to be expressed Ooten, Unpublished; Ooten, The entirety of existence cannot be without each requisite part, and the parts cannot exist outside the whole. Type Nine, the Moderator, knows at this level that All is Love, and nothing can be separate from love.
There is no separation of self and the Divine, and he knows he is worthy of being seen Ooten, Unpublished. Conclusion It is essential to remember that Spiral Dynamics is an open-ended system, and that as long as human beings continue to exist, new levels will always emerge as new problems are created by the prior level. It is also important to remember that all levels are necessary for the development of humanity. All levels have advantages and all create problems; no level is better than another Graves, We must learn how to apply an understanding of these levels appropriately for the benefit of all people.
Our responsibility as shepherds of consciousness is to guide ourselves and others only as and when they are ready to shift, and allow for all the variations of humanity. We must remember that neither individuals nor the whole of humanity can be forced to skip levels; we must all follow through the steps and stages of evolution. Multiple levels operate within us at different times and in different circumstances Graves, Individual evolution is a life-long process. The journey has no ending. If we want to evolve, whether on an individual or global scale, we must always start with ourselves and be honest about the levels from which we are operating.
From this awareness, we can challenge ourselves to expand and evolve to find adaptive, creative solutions for our personal lives, our intimate and work relationships, and for world problems.
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In creating personal change, we change the world. Beck, D. Spiral Dynamics: Mastering values, leadership, and change. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. Esposito, R. The Holy Ideas. On Lifting the Veil [CD]. Graves, C. Human nature prepares for a momentous leap. The Futurist, April, pp. Levels of human existence W. Lee, Ed. The never ending quest C. Todorovic, Eds.