Es entstanden Akteurskonstellationen,. Der vorgeschlagene Analyserahmen wurde nahe am und aus dem Material entfaltet. Sie ist gebunden an die spezifischen Entstehungsbedingungen in der DDR. Dieser Stabilisierungsmechanismus setzt nicht allein auf der Ebene von Organisationen an, sondern auch direkt auf der Ebene der einzelnen Teilnehmer.
Vielmehr steht ein "Nebenertrag" im Vordergrund: die Entfaltung eines gegenstandssensiblen Analyserahmens. Zur Ereignisgeschichte der Friedensbewegung in dieser Zeit vgl. Dieser Konflikt hatte dabei immer mehrere Ebenen. Auf der Ebene der Weltdeutungen zeichneten sich neben anderen schon in den er Jahren Konflikte in der Haltung zur Friedensfrage ab. Das waren alles gemeinsame Abende. Jeden Sonntag war im Objekt Gottesdienst" a. In der DDR fanden u.
Ab Sommer formierten sich erste Demonstrationen, die von der Polizei gewaltsam beendet wurden. Die letztlich erfolgreichen Proteste ein Baustopp wurde erreicht gegen dieses Bauprojekt verschmolzen mit den Ereignissen des Umbruchherbstes vgl. Verblendete jungen Menschen, sinnlos in den Tod gejagt. Nach 22 Jahren werden sie wieder ausgegraben. Von wem? Von Soldaten! Leadership and social movements. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Barnett, Bernice McNair Invisible Southern Black women leaders in the Civil Rights Movement: The triple constraints of gender, race, and class.
Signs , 7 2 , Barth, Karl Brief an einen Pfarrer in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Gallen: EVZ. Blumer, Herbert Kill a leader, murder a movement? Leadership and assassination in social movements. American Behavioral Scientist, 50 10 , Bourdieu, Pierre Konstanz: UVK. In Joseph Jurt Hrsg. Freiburg: orange press. Brand, Karl-Werner Bude, Heinz Rekonstruktion von Lebenskonstruktionen — eine Antwort auf die Frage, was die Biographieforschung bringt. Stuttgart: J. Friedensbewegung in der DDR, Texte Hattingen: edition transit.
Buro, Andreas Hrsg. Geschichten aus der Friedensbewegung. Buthmann, Reinhard Horch und Guck. Cooper, Alice Holmes Paradoxes of peace. German peace movement since Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Repression and mobilization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Policing social protest. In David A. Snow, Sarah A. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. Diani, Mario Social movements and social capital: a network perspective on movement outcomes. Mobilization , 2 2 , Social movements and networks: Relational approaches to collective action.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Freunde und Feinde. Dokumente zu den Friedensgebeten in Leipzig zwischen und dem 9. Oktober Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt. Downton, James, Jr. The persistent activist. How peace commitment develops and survives. Colorado: Westview Press. Falcke, Heino Mit Gott Schritt halten.
Berlin: Wichern. Falcke, Heino . Unsere Kirche und ihre Gruppen. Lebendiges Bekennen heute? In Detlef Pollack Hrsg. Wo bleibt die Freiheit? Christ sein in Zeiten der Wende. Freiburg: Kreuz Verlag. Findeis, Hagen Das Licht des Evangeliums und das Zwielicht der Politik. Kirchliche Karrieren in der DDR. Die Entzauberung des Politischen.
Was ist aus den politisch alternativen Gruppen in der DDR geworden? Und wir sind dabei gewesen. Berlin: Ullstein. Garstecki, Joachim Die Wende begann als christliche Friedensbewegung. Christ in der Gegenwart , 41, Gusfield, Joseph R. Functional areas of leadership in social movements.
The Sociological Quarterly , 7 2 , Haspel, Michael Politischer Protestantismus und gesellschaftliche Transformation. Herda-Rapp, Ann The power of informal leadership: Women leaders in the civil rights movement. Sociological Focus , 31 4 , Wunder muss man ausprobieren. Der Weg zur deutschen Einheit. Berlin: Aufbau Verlag. Hunt, Scott A. Identity talk in the peace and justice movement.
Journal of Contemporary Ethnography , 22 4 , Jasper, James The art of moral protest: Culture, biography, and creativity in social movements. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Jesse, Eckhard Hrsg. Eine Revolution und ihre Folgen. Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag. Friedliche Revolution und deutsche Einheit. Klandermans, Bert Legacies from the past: Eight cycles of peace protest.
Demonstrations against the war on Iraq S. Klein, Thomas Frieden und Gerechtigkeit. Kluge, Matthias a. Kluge, Matthias b. In Thomas Widera Hrsg. Kluge, Matthias c. Band 2: Die Friedensseminar-Referate. Knabe, Hubertus Feminist pacifism. The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity. Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism.
Study on femininity and women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between and Points to their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and the New Woman novel for literary history. Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms. New Woman novel subverts on the level of narration and plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic.
Pykett's study is a source for less established primary literature. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the gender crisis at the time relatively selective. Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of a canon, period beginning in Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the modernist canon.
Breaking of traditional roles. Study dealing with differences of male and female utopian fiction. Genre: drama and novel. Focus is on women's concerns: 'female' defence and 'male' rejection. A seminal account of the development of women's magazines. One of White's foci is the literature published in these magazines. Pages are of particular interest. Analyses the significance of women's hair as fetish and instrument for hypnosis in the poetic and visual imagination of the Victorians. Study on the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence.
Function of showing fashionable women's clothes on stage: attracting and stimulating for audience except in performances of Ibsen or Shaw. Semantic function of dress: social status of a character and its alteration in the course of the play Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady. Symbolization of stereotypes of femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers e.
Cultural studies approach. Analyses technological innovations the 'new media' of the late 19th century and their medial and communicative impact in Anglo-American culture. Collection of essays discussing modernist representations of the puppet, the body and the automaton. The book includes a picture catalogue with short explanatory texts. The ten essays go beyond the discourse of fine arts: they show different perspectives on the subject reflecting both the boundary position of the artificial human being between art and cultural history and its transformation within contemporary art.
Study on space and bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas public, private etc. Depicts different point of views on how male sexuality is constructed. Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. One field of analysis are theories of sexuality and their portrayal in s English literature D. Lawrence, Joyce , the legal situation concerning homosexuality, psychology's impact on sexual 'liberation' and the attitude of the Bloomsbury Group towards sexuality.
Study on sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality. Key words: Debate on social hygiene: purity vs. Sexuality in the context of the city. Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from cultural history.
Focus: 19th century. Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on cultural context. Concepts of femininity in medical discourse. Gender difference explained physically and psychologically. Discussion of bisexuality and hermaphroditism. Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Study on the development of the scientific discourse on sexuality. References to psychoanalysis, Darwinism and eugenics. A very useful collection of articles from the perspectives of natural science, social science and the humanities which provides an overview on the degeneration debate in the 19th and the early 20th centuries.
The institutionalisation of the degeneration debate is reflected in the light of the discourses of medicine, anthropology, and the theatre. Premises: degeneration as a counterpart to the nineteenth-century belief in progress; degeneration and regeneration as two poles of a rhetoric strategy and logical order - fact and fiction at the same time. Siegel for specific strategies of representation. Cultural criticism with a socialist orientation. Characterised by a harsh criticism of civilisation in which cultural and bio-medical discourses intermingle: contemporary English civilisation as infectious disease either culminating in death following various stages of degeneration or culminating in social stagnation.
The socialist form of society as utopian potential. Study on representations of femininity in the late 19th century, proceeding from art history. References to literature and other cultural discourses of the time. Philosophically oriented dissertation on decadence. Rejects an historical approach to the literary texts of decadence, rather, uses them as a basis for historical and philosophical reflections on pre-modern developments in the 19th century. Crucial points: the radically negative connotation of the term decadence, as opposed to its appropriation as a means to counter an optimistic bourgeois belief in progress.
Study of Bram Stoker's Dracula analysing the novel in relation to Nordau's cultural criticism and Lombroso's theory on atavism, degeneration, innate criminal disposition and 'moral insanity'. Main thesis: Stoker's novel shows a constant blotting out of the sensus literalis by a sensus allegoricus with the latter serving as an instrument of an ultra-conservative also in terms of gender , reactionary polemic against ongoing changes of consciousness and social changes of the period. Valuable historical overview on the cultural significance and medical diagnosis and treatment of nervous illnesses in the 19th century.
Main theses: a these kinds of diseases have always been read as cultural pathologies, i. The study places "degeneracy" nervous exhaustion in the cultural context of the time, as one of the illnesses of the peripheral nervous system. Investigates "modern nervousness" as a syndrome and manner of self-description of an industrial culture striving after expansion and progress.
Considers psychiatric writings of the 19th century Erb, Morel, Beard. Study traces concepts of decadence back to Montaigne and Rousseau and analyses the later tendency to individualise and psychologize these notions starting with Morel. Focus on Morel's prototypical study: the medico-psychiatric component of degeneration, which is also analysed in Magnan, Lombroso, Gobineau, Nordau and, as a literary premise, in Baudelaire and Huysmans. Study in two volumes by Max Nordau, a doctor and cultural theorist, first published in German, from onward also available in an English translation.
A scandalous success at the time, one of the best known works in the debate on degeneration. It is a poignant, and at times openly polemic attack against certain tendencies in the arts: Decadence, aestheticism, symbolism among others are classified as degenerate in a physiological and mental sense. Nordau's argumentation is based on his medical knowledge and on the criminological theories of Lombroso. Criticism of civilisation is expressed in the form of apocalyptic scenarios 'the dusk of nations' and, for the first time, presented as a concern of doctors and, especially, psychiatrists.
Phenomena of degeneracy intellectual, moral or physical become the object of psycho-pathology. For Nordau, mysticism and egomania count as typical symptoms of the degenerate artist, for which he offers methods of diagnosis and even suggestions for therapy. Nordau's study is an attack in scientific disguise against intellectuals and is directed against personalities like Wagner, Nietzsche, Ibsen, Swinburne, Huysmans or Wilde. A sociological study, well-documented and thoroughly researched.
Provides important information on the concept of degeneration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Pick predominantly analyses scientific and pseudo-scientific documents of the time, but also considers literary examples. Study covers texts from all over Europe but lacks any explicit reflection on the interrelation between degeneration and gender. Feminist study on the interdependence between constructions of femininity and degeneration: The New Woman as cause and symptom of cultural degeneration and as 'cure for social evils'; like the homosexual, the New Woman is an example of the transgression of gender boundaries illustrated also in exterior appearance: body and style ; effects: pathological allocations of sexual excess, degeneration, denial of femininity.
Urban mass culture and society as a product of feminisation. Feminism as a symptom of degeneration. Emerging concepts of regeneration within the feminist debate. Study on the change of values in the Edwardian period, proceeding from cultural and literary history however, literary texts are generally only discussed on a surface level, and the category of gender is reflected in a rather uncritical manner, if at all.
Aspects of interest: religious and moral crisis, the secularisation of spirituality and the emergence of surrogate religions, the 'quest for otherness', the idealisation of interpersonal relations and in particular homoeroticism, the cult of vitality as a reaction to late Victorian decadence, the motif of the illegitimate child and the unmarried mother, the efficiency movement and eugenics, the Edwardian culture of leisure and fun.
Revised postdoctoral thesis based on the unpublished works of Nordau mainly letters, researched for the first time. A comprehensive study, structured biographically. Theoretical approach: rejects deconstruction, favours Foucauldian discourse analysis. Content: Analysis of the interconnected strands within intellectual history to Shows the lasting effects of scientific positivism on social theories, psychology and medicine as well as the transfer of psycho-pathological findings into the field of civilisation and art criticism through terms like decadence and degeneration.
Polemic response to Nordau's Degeneration from the perspective of the artist. Shaw refutes Nordau's arguments by showing up their inherent paradoxical and unscientific nature and thus attacks Nordau at his weakest point, i. Short outline of the history of degeneration theory focusing on the origins of degeneration in the natural sciences and medicine, its Darwinist basis, the classification of degenerative symptoms, the emergence of a discourse of degeneration in the cultural and literary theory of the late 19th century.
Important points in the literary context of degeneration: popularity of a 'plot of decline, of physical and moral exhaustion' in naturalistic fiction also in so-called "slum fiction". Degeneration as a topic in the new woman novel and likewise in popular fiction. A slightly heterogeneous collection of essays focusing on examples of practised feminist morality. Requires knowledge of the theoretical discussion.
Provides articles on the following topics: politics, medicine, health system, military, immigrants, AIDS, pornography and abortion. Main focus: the situation in the United States. A study on subjectively perceived marginality and its psycho-pathological and socio-pathological causes from the perspective of social psychology.
Suggested approach: role theory. Probably the most influential feminist study on the topic of morality. Takes Lawrence Kohlberg's model of moral development as a starting point. Exposes Kohlberg's argumentation as male-centred. Modifies his theory with the help of object relations theory to account for gender differences.
Gilligan's work is based on empirical studies. A collection of essays written between and on the feminist discourse of ethics and Christianity. Approach: theologically oriented social history. Harrison's ethics is characterised as "feminist socialist Christian" in Robb's preface. Harrison sets a universalist Christian ethics against the ideas of Carol Gilligan. Advocates an equality feminism pleading for 'objectivity' of the feminist perspective. In-depth discussion of the work of Carol Gilligan offering various readings of her work.
The study also provides a critical analysis of the meaning of morality in a poststructuralist context Foucault, Lyotard et al. Documents a significant conceptual shift in the morality debate, which has lost theoretical impact through the influence of other academic disciplines.
Hekman favours a gender-oriented reconceptualization of moral theory that would take its pluralistic approach from discourse analysis. Study on feminist practices of alliance politics. Rejects notions of female unity as an axiomatic base. Discards the feminist difference hypothesis. Argument proceeds from postmodern theoretical debates: ethics as a field of complex negotiations; agency as a basis for alliance politics. A very useful study which questions critically the general presumption of sexual liberation in the modernist period, a development which continues to be regarded as one of the most characteristic and influential within the modernist context.
Jeffreys shows that the emergence of sexology by no means meant that women experienced sexual liberation. Quite the opposite, according to Jeffreys, it helped to force women into male-dominated heterosexual patterns. Focus: ed. Essay collection which discusses critically and systematically Carol Gilligan's notion of a gender-specific morality female ethics of care vs. Covers work by Butler, Gilligan, Harding, Habermas.
Some of the articles were previously published. Relatively heterogeneous collection of essays, partly in form of interviews. Includes articles by Baudrillard and Blanchot. Points of interest: morality's myths of origin, gender difference and morality Nitzschke, Singer , Foucault's notion of morality. Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I.
Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women. Study on family and marriage from a woman-centred perspective. Textual material: basically auto biography, but also some novels. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history.. Article on the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I.
Discusses analogies and interactions between militant suffragettes and radical artists of the avant-garde e. Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos. Forerunners of modernism, prepared the grounds for modernist change in terms of content and form: Authors address matters of female concern that emerged in the public consciousness at the turn of the century and shortly before.
Based on Derrida's concept of two co-existing paradoxes sous-rature. Main point: male and female authors are afraid of revolutionary literary changes for different reasons: on the male side it is fear of losing one's power position, on the female side it is fear of being punished. Textual material: analysis of canonized texts.
Criticism: DeKoven's study is partially difficult to comprehend. Essay collection on radical feminist socialist women writers between and Textual material: novels in general special focus on popular literature by forgotten female authors , a multitude of biographical information, New Woman novel , Romance, Utopian fiction.
Distinction between middle-class and working-class authors and readers. Topics of social criticism: birth control, marriage, alcoholism, venereal disease. Formal aspects: Modification of plot with feminist impact. Useful study on lesser known authors and texts. Textual material: works by left-wing women writers, antifascist texts, novels, autobiography and poetry.
Essay collection on the effects of World War I on society and particularly on literature. Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen. Feminist collection of essays on modernism. Of particular importance is Felski's article on the term 'modernism' see above Felski Canon-revisionary article on Lucas Malet pseudonym of Charles Kingsley's daughter.
Questions traditional concepts of masculinity in Malet's Novels. Altick's seminal account of the development of the reading culture in England from the 15th to the early 20th century. Especially his chapter on "Periodicals and Newspapers " chapter 15 is important for an understanding of the background of publication practices in the modernist period.
An important study on women writers of the Left Bank in general. She says very little about the actual contributions. Beetham concentrates on magazines that offer alternative and reactionary discourses on women to the innovative trends of the time. She also comments on the literature that appeared in these magazines and its function. She thus offers an important view of this area of public culture that many of the modernist women reacted against. Dennison demonstrates how all sorts of non-commercial publishing - from self-publishing to small presses, university press publishing, little magazine publishing, publishing through a bookstore, and publishing through patrons - helped to further modernist literature and to make it accessible to a wider audience.
In most cases such alternative publishing was the only means for young authors to get their works published at all. What she fails to notice is that alternative publishing can have commerical interests, too see Rainey , , An important essay collection by young American scholars presenting a new perspective on and evaluation of modernist literature. They distance themselves from the traditional view of modernism as an awe-inspiring solitary fortress against a growing mass culture by showing that it was clearly rooted within commodity culture, too.
Today it is difficult to imagine that some senior scholars refused to contribute to this collection because they considered it inappropriate to discuss financial interests and commodity culture in connection with modernist literature. Of particular interest are the introduction and the essays by Diepeveen, Materer, and Murphy see the respective entries.
A statistical survey of book and magazine publications in the period of He has nothing to say on the magazine and newspaper market in the 20th century, for example, so that his survey is only of very limited value for the modernist period. Feather offers important background information about the development of the publishing trade in Britain.
Although he only focuses on commercial publishing the study offers some useful background information about the book market in general. Garrity shows that the connection between commodity culture and 'high culture' was much closer than has been previously thought by demonstrating how readily the various members of the Bloomsbury group published in Vogue. Hanscombe and Smyers's seminal study on modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Of special interest for modernist publication practices in general are Chapter 12 "'The public is a stupid beast They argue that in most cases of experimental writing only publication in little magazines made a later book publication possible.
Jensen does not deal with modernist literature but with art. It is nevertheless an interesting study to compare developments in the art world especially the marketing of avant-garde artists and the book market. Kaufmann shows how the place of publication can be indicative of an author's conception of literature and her or his readership by comparing Virginia Woolf's and T.
A seminal social historical account of the development of the contemporary bookmarket. Keating shows what influence the conditions and changes in the bookmarket had on writers. Leavis's still interesting study of British reading habits in the s. It is not only an important document because of the empirical data she offers but also as a New Critical position taking within the intellectual and literary field of the early s.
Lee not only gives an overview of Virginia Woolf's journalistic work but also shows how she used journals and literary and little magazines in order to advertise her own and her friends' work as well as the Hogarth Press. Unfortunately a misleading title. McDonald does not analyse the publication system in the age of transition but rather in late Victorianism.
He hardly pays any attention to the authors of the s. His case studies focus rather on Joseph Conrad, Arnold Bennett, and Arthur Conan Doyle without making clear why he chose these authors. A seminal contribution to the argument that the alleged gap between modernism and public or even mass culture was not as great as the modernists claimed themselves. As example cases Rainey uses the publication history of Pound, H.
Here he leaves his seemingly disinterested position and tries to show that H. Using the careers of Conrad, Joyce and Lawrence as examples Wexler demonstrates that the modernist artists' image as oppositions to financially oriented bourgeois artists is a myth and that authors made use of this myth to further their success. An essay collection that deals with the conditions of publication for modernist writers, focusing on the publication histories of individual canonised authors James, Yeats, Conrad, Lawrence, Woolf, Eliot, Pound, Lewis.
Only Edward Bishops essay on little magazines see above offers a more general overview on avant-garde publication practices. The Dial , American magazine; especially the era of Scofield Thayer's and Marianne Moore's editorship New Age ; especially the years of A. Orage's editorship, Poetry present, American magazine; especially the phase of Harriet Monroe's editorship, Secession ; exile-American magazine published in various European cities.
Time and Tide [in its first phase it was a little magazine]. One of the first overviews of British and American modernist little magazines and one of the bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's bibliography. Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the only medium of publication for experimental young authors. Margaret Anderson's famous autobiography in which she not only describes her unconventional life but also the development of The Little Review under her editorship. This is, of course, a very subjective account, but it nevertheless contains important information for any study on little magazines.
A state-of-the-art article on little magazines. The author discusses the development of a little-magazine culture in America from the s to the late s and argues for a revival of little magazines in a s fashion in order offer new authors a forum for publication. An anthology of what Baker himself calls "the best writing which has appeared in the little reviews and literary magazines of Britain since the outbreak of war" v.
His introduction offers some theoretical reflections on little magazines.
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Barash presents this development as the story of Pound's take-over. This assessment has changed, though see especially Clarke ; Ferrall a; Morrisson , ; Thacker Publications in the ephemeral medium of little magazines are still part of an avant-garde culture, but they become modernist texts by being published in book form.
This distinction has been convincingly questioned by Bishop and Rainey Unfortunately the authors remain on a merely biographical level. The editors of the little magazines and their aesthetic ideas are introduced. Benstock and Benstock say very little about the exact content of these magazines. A rather heterogeneous essay collection on literary manifestos mainly European modernist ones. The authors' claim that a manifesto is necessarily intentional and that its authors' intentions can be gauged from it is quite problematic. Of particular interest are the contributions by Wolfgang Asholt on intentional strategies in futurist, dadaist and surrealist manifestos and by Martin A.
Kayman on Pound and imagism. An important overview of little magazines from the s to the s. Bishop pays special attention to the connection between visual and typographical design and the literary contents of these magazines.
- Faith and Hope-Graces Story (A Back to Omaha Adventure Book 3).
- Anthropological abstracts .
- The Father of Locks!
- Grundzüge einer allgemeinen Theorie strategischer Handlungsfelder.
- Trusting Thomas (Collars & Cuffs Book 2).
- Michael-Sebastian Honig.
He sees the different magazine as a representation of the increasing institutionalisation of modernism in this he argues against Bennett's postulation that little magazines represent the avant-garde and not modernism. An additional but by far not as comprehensive reference to Sader, ed. Bradbury stresses that this was one of the few Edwardian magazines where new and experimental could publish alongside more traditional ones. He points out that the Calendar served as model for F.
Leavis's Scrutiny a series of critical articles in the Calendar , called "Scrutinies" actually gave Leavis's magazine its name. Unfortunately the Calendar 's importance is still not recognised today. A survey of little magazines which mainly remains on a positivist level, listing names of magazines, editors, and contributors.
Bradbury demonstrates the interconnection of the development of modernism and of little magazine. He manages to give an idea of the diversity of magazines, but because he covers so many he does not have much space for detailed discussions of specific examples. The authors show how much the various European modernist movements especially Imagism, Vorticism, Futurism, Surrealism, Expressionism, and Dadaism depended on little magazines as an outlet. An important overview of little magazines of the s which shows how early the concept of little magazines received literary critical attention.
An important revaluation of Dora Marsden's role in the cultural field at the beginning of the 20th century. Clarke argues that Marsden's intellectual development from suffragism to egoism mirrors in a nutshell the direction literature took at the time a turn from "personal politics" to "an individualistic literary practice", 1.
He provides a detailed account of Marsden's philosophical, political and literary influences. He thus reduces the influence Pound allegedly had on her see also Barash ; Ferrall a; Morrisson , ; Thacker A very critical review of a number of literary magazines of the time with quite different literary and political positions The Townsman , Purpose , Life and Letters Today , Poetry , The Examiner.
Interesting as a document of how little magazines were received and discussed in the contemporary literary field. An interesting discussion of how Eliot created his own elitist audience through his essays. Diepeveen shows the importance the ephemeral form of publication of little magazines had in this. Eliot argued that only in these smaller but literary more 'elitist' media of publication could he find what he termed the "qualified reader" Eliot explicitly differentiated himself from editors of larger - and thus to his mind more commercial - magazines such as The London Mercury see also Kaufmann on the difference between Eliot's and Virginia Woolf's conceptions of their readership.
A very critical review of British little magazines. Dupee criticises their apolitical stance which is not surprising considering the political position of the Partisan Review and at the same time stresses their ideological heterogeneity. He also finds fault with the - to his mind - poor literary quality.
Eliot's own outline of an ideal little or literary magazine. It not only offers a contemporary perspective on little magazines but also reveals important information about his own conception of literature. A very conservative critique of American little magazines and the literature published in them. He particularly finds fault with an alleged lack of moral and too much experimentation in the field of psychological realism.
Ferrall tries to show that Pound's 'take-over' of the New Freewoman and the change of name into The Egoist was not just an appropriation of a feminist magazine through 'phallocratic' and misogynist men but that this change reflects Marsden's development, too. He examines her turn from suffragism to a Nietzschean and Stirnerian egoism and points out some analogies between her political and philosophical writings and that of the imagists, especially Pound see also Barash ; Clarke ; Morrisson , ; Thacker Ferrall counters the notion that the New Age was one of the central magazines in propagating modernism in general.
In contrast to Martin he argues that A. Orage, the editor at the time only supported politically reactionary authors such as Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis and thus contributed to the development of a 'reactionary modernism' only. An contemporary account of American little magazines Fletcher observes a tendency towards a "proletarisation" and a "decentralization" of American literature and culture through these new little magazines He does, however, acknowledge that some of the new authors would have had no other possibility of publication.
The first book-length biography of Marsden. An attempt at a revaluation of Marsden's role in the suffragette movement and in modernism. At times a little too subjective and anecdotal. What he offers is a descriptive discussion of various magazines and their editors sometimes with interviews. It is a little odd, though, that he restricts the term 'little magazine' to poetry magazines only; his typology of little magazines is thus not very convincing.
A very early survey of British periodical culture from the 18th century to the s. He only briefly touches on little magazines, though. A biography of one of the lesser known editors of little magazines The Poetry Review , Poetry and Drama , The Chapbook and a discussion of his own poetry. Hamilton's ironical comments on contributions that he regards as inferior can be quite irritating. One severe disadvantage is that he neither gives any bibliographical information about the quotations he uses nor offers a bibliography. Of particular interest for little magazines are Chapter 10 "'The stand of the individual against immensities An early attempt at a definition and description of American little magazines.
Interesting as a historical document. Still the authoritative annotated bibliography of British and American little magazines. The introductory chapters are also of interest. Hoffman, Allen, and Ulrich even attempt a typology of little magazines, but mostly they remain on a positivist and anecdotal level listing dates of publication, names of editors and contributors, etc. Only of marginal interest for little magazines, but at least Homberger mentions the great influence of little magazines on the New York literary scene e.
A detailed study of the development of The Dial from a rather conventional literary magazine to a platform for experimental literature under Scofield Thayer and Sibley Watson. Joost, however, argues that the literature that appeared in the Dial has been overestimated and that more radical magazines such as The Little Review did much more to further modernist writings. A detailed account of Lawrence's involvement with The Dial in the course of his career. A bit too anecdotal at times, but still readable. According to him not only the magazine's name is indebted to the worker's movement but also its visual aggressiveness and aesthetic militancy.
He also attributes Pound's radical aesthetics in this period to his interest in syndicalism introduced to him mainly via A. Orage's The New Age. It is amazing how Kenner manages to leave out Dora Marsden's entirely! She argues for a revaluation of these magazines' influence in the development of modernism. Lewis's own 'position taking' in the literary field. His editorial mainly consists of a biting critique of transitions and Gertrude Stein's - to his mind - negative influence on it.
Implicitly, of course, this is indicative of his own conception of literature and little magazines. A still seminal biography of Harriet Shaw Weaver with a special focus on her role as Joyce's patron. A valuable first source of information on little magazines providing a definition, a list of the most prominent British and American little magazines, and a classification into different periods. Von der Desorientierung zur selbstreflexiven Standortbestimmung linker Gesellschaftskritik [From desorientation to self-reflexive definition of leftist social criticism].
Die Subsumtion der Subversion im neuen Kapitalismus [The productive power of criticism. The subsumation of subversion in new capitalism]. Problems of representing interests in fragmented job markets]. Zur Repolitisierung der Arbeits- und Geschlechterdebatte [Women to the top? On the re-politicization of the labor and gender debate]. Theorien als Verarbeitung beunruhigender Erfahrungen: Frobenius und Freud. Paideuma Keywords : theory , Frobenius, L. Theories as overcoming disturbing experiences: Leo Frobenius and Sigmung Freud.
In the context of J. The sum of no equation. European university studies. Keywords : Naipaul, V. This book offers a literary criticism of all major works of Naipaul, very much relating to, and dealing with postcolonial situations in India, Trinidad, etc. Starting with the social and psychological side of the person Naipaul, one can summarise some reasonably simple discoveries that can be extracted from both his autobiographical pieces and his seemingly fictional books, published within a period of more than fifty years. Naipaul suggested that the way to approach the author is not through finding out as much as possible about the man and one could easily argue that the idea shall simply be used in conversion.
One can learn more about the person when taking into account all that has been produced by the author, who is part of the person. Having studied English, Naipaul was aware of all the tools available and of the aims of literary critics and seems to have challenged these established routes for his own sake and to serve his purpose.
Menschen und Kulturen 4. Keywords : processions , pilgrimages , marchpasts , medieval pilgrimages , Nanda Devi , memorial culture , performances , rule and performance. Processions, pilgrimages, marchpasts. Movement between religion and politics in Europe and Asia from the Middle Ages.
This book is result and part of a larger research project at the University of Heidelberg, Ritual Dynamics, a conference that took place in The events and processes have religious as well as political aspects; they may point to values of a group or may be tools aiming to present their ideas about history and order. Such performances have been instruments of rule par excellence in pre-democratic times and settings.
Mittelalterliche Pilgerreisen ins Heilige Land als ritualisierte Bewegung in Raum und Zeit [Medieval pilgrimages to the Holy Land as ritualized motion in time and space]. Fatimidische, byzantinische und ottonisch-salische Herrscherprozessionen an hohen Festtagen [Fatimid, Byzantine, and Ottoman-Salic processions of rulers on important festival days]. Jahrhundert [Ritual in urban memorial culture of the late Middle Ages]. Ohne Akteure geht es nicht!
Oder: Warum die Fundamente der Luh-mannschen Sozialtheorie nicht tragen. Keywords : Luhmann, N. It will not Work without Actors! The subject of this article is the late social theory of Niklas Luhmann. The analysis of its foundations shows that its claim to have developed a radically different theory in contrast to methodological-individualistic approaches is not tenable. That basic figures of argumentation like "the social system produces, observes" etc. It is shown why social systems as differentiated entities have no capacity to produce selection. This means that social systems are not distinguishable from psychic systems as Luhmann argues.
Religion and music. Religionen in Kultur und Gesellschaft 1. Keywords : religion and music , music and religion , Hindu music , Raga music. From the comparative perspective on cultures one can observe that music is used not only in religious adoration and worship but also in rituals of personal and collective crisis. Music as non-verbal religious commu-nication acts as a social form of cultural consolation, commemoration, recollection and the representation of ideas and values as well as a marker of cultural and personal identity. This collected volume aims to formulate impulses for the study of religions, rituals and the aesthetics of religions.
A Report from Inside. Theoretical Reflections. Diffusionism, Appropriation, and Globalization. Some Remarks on Current Debates in Anthropology. Keywords : anthropology discourse , theory of anthropology , globalization , diffusionism. Diffusionism is a long-standing theoretical issue in anthropology. The current research on globalization often shows astonishing similarities between the 19th century understanding of diffusion and the most recent interpretations regarding globally circulating cultural phenomena. These parallels indicate the impact of global influences on local cultures.
Instead of adopting a macro perspective that promotes a world map outlook, the author proposes a closer examination of local action in the context of global influences in order to avoid the reemergence of the shortcomings that led to the termination of the 19th century approaches. The focus on the local perspective through study of cultural appropriation appears to be an optimal way to understand the working of globalization on local levels.
Kognitive und kulturelle Evolution. Keywords : evolution , cultural evolution , history , cognitive evolution , phylogenesis , ontogenesis , environment and history , biological evolution , human evolution. Cognitive and cultural evolution. Every biological species has a specific environment which comprises perceivable elements and effects. As factors are included: conspecifics, animate and inanimate objects, their possible relationships, and the time-depth in which the elements are seen as relevant and may interact.
Within this environment, which is naturally, cognitively and culturally affected, the cognitive sphere of an organism is formed by three dimensions: the phylogenetic-biological, the ontogenetic-individual, and the cultural-historical. The specific environment affects the characteristics of the dimensions, which are also directly influenced by each other and indirectly through interactions with the environment.
The cognitive and cultural evolution of homo is not a progressing adaptation to an independent environment which is the same for every species, but a co-evolution of interdependent specific systems. In particular, the cultural-historical dimension and the specific environment extended each other during human evolution. Grat-Wanderungen durch einen postkolonialen Bildungspark.
Ridge walks through a postcolonial educational park. Eine konstruktive Kritik aus der Sicht philosophischer Anthropologie. Keywords : Boltanski, L. A constructive criticism from the perspective of philosophical anthropology. Even three decades after its legalization, abortion is still an option which women do not necessarily experience as a constituent of freedom.
In his ,La condition foetale: Une sociologie de I'avortement et de 1'engen-drement" Paris , Boltanski discusses this fact in light of the new kind of capitalism. Morally unjustifiable but tolerated by law, the practice of abortion indicates, according to him, a tension in the process of human procreation, that is, a universal conflict which has become visible only recently, due to abortion's legalization as well as the proliferation of the specifically capitalist culture of the project. Boltanski maintains that abortion is a necessary evil of social anthropogenesis although not legitimizable in moral terms.
Firstly, the moral relevance of corporeality itself which escapes Boltanski's attention; secondly, the lack of a concept of personhood which would allow for grasping the precarious integrity of pregnant women; and thirdly, Boltanski's problematic claim to neutrality with respect to the issue of the foetus as person. However, the reference to philosophical anthropology is also constructive.
Ritual und Gewalt. Keywords : ritual and violence , violence and ritual , clientelism , organized crime , Mafia , al-Qaeda , traditional societies , globalization , resistance , fundamentalism , occidentalism. Ritual and violence. Anthropological studies of European and Mediterranean societies. On the basis of his former studies of Italian societies Hauschild mainly draws on these but also creates a wider perspective by including the ritual and violent aspects of other contemporary societies as well, mainly those of the Middle East, thus touching occidentalism.
Analyzing the logic of globally operating groups thus requires local expertise on the groups in question. Kulturethologie zwischen Analyse und Prognose. Schriftenreihe der Otto-Koenig-Gesellschaft, Wien. Wien: Lit Verlag Keywords : ethology and culture , evolution and culture , culture-ethology , prognosis , evolutionary developments , causality , Folklore Studies , humanities , Lem, S.
Cultural ethology between analysis and prognosis. Begriffskritische Anmerkungen eines Mathematikers [From analysis to prognosis. Critical remarks of a mathematician]. Die Zukunft, die Volkskunde und die Geisteswissenschaften [Prognosis or suggestion? Future, Folklore Studies, and the humanities]. Case: Writing tools as an object of cultural ethology]. A case study in folk music: Hubert von Goisern].
Johannes Angermuller | University of Warwick - dequsyjeme.ml
Kulturanthropologische und kulturethologische Betrachtungen [Myth and fascination of blond hair - cultural anthropological and culture-ethological reflections]. Bridging Culture-ethology and futurology]. Technologiemanagement bei Siemens [A model for future design. Technology management in the Siemens Corporation].
Hinweise aus der Kulturethologie und Schlussfolgerungen [Cultural tradition as a hindrance of thought in creative problem-solving in technology. Insights from Culture-ethology].
Zeitschrift für Soziologie
Rituals in an unstable world. Contingency - hybridity - embodiment. Keywords : ritual , contingency , hybridity , embodiment , initiation , Kayapo , performance , carnival , segregation , fasting , mediums , masks. Refuting prophecies of an unstoppable increase in secularization, the fascination of religious rituals proofs to be unbroken in the late modern world. This book contests classical paradigms that reduce the rationale of rituals to normativity Durkheim , intelligibility Geertz and dialectics Turner.
Instead, it shows that rituals assert their significance in the post-colonial and globalizing world by successfully negotiating structure and contingency, identity and hybridity, script and embodiment. Its case studies are dealing with a broad variety of ritual genres and expressions, including initiation ceremonies and spirit possession, new harvest ceremonies, cults of ancestors, deities and saints, ceremonial receptions, inaugurations and memorials, ritual theatre, carnival and ritual painting in contemporary Brazil, Germany, France, India, Japan, Taiwan, USA, Vietnam, and Yemen.
Dealing with the "Foreign" in Nagasaki. Posttraditionale Gemeinschaften. Theoretische und ethnografische Erkun-dungen. Erlebniswelten Keywords : posttraditional communities , neo-tribes , communities via brands , situative event communities , Gothics , public viewing communities , situative and transsituative communities , evolutionary theory. Posttraditional communities. Theoretical and ethnographic explorations. Posttraditional communities display numerous thematic foci but usually do not have efficient ways for sanction - to push through among their members what is important and valuable for them.
The last sections deal with the posttraditionalization of community communities in rural areas, traditions in posttraditional settings and the biological factor in posttraditional communities evolutionary theory, love. Schwellen zwischen Ethnologie und Soziologie. Keywords : sociology and ethnology , ethnology and sociology , Muehlmann, W. A difficult relationship. Thresholds between ethnology and sociology. This is followed by a somewhat more international assessment of the interplay, or its lack, of the two disciplines - diverging paths, and he ends with the present situation of globalization, questions of hybridization, of micro vs.
Globale Akteure der Entwicklung. Die neuen Szenarien. Keywords : development , actors of development , global actors development , Churches and development , NGOs. Global actors of development. The new scenarios. Weltgesellschaft und Weltwirtschaft - Fakten und Trends [The second globalization. World society and world economy]. Anmerkungen zur transkontinentalen Interaktionsgeschichte [Hard and soft cultures.
Notes on the transcontinental history of interactions]. Entwicklungs-politik als Faktor der Weltinnenpolitik [Against market-radical globalization. Development politics as a factor in world interior politics]. Interlinking development and security]. Leaving behind the central planning and aid paradigm.
Daten und Fakten zur Einen Welt [The global balance in numbers. Data and facts on the One World]. Christian impulses for worldwide development]. Alte und neue Ziele und Fehler der kirchlichen Entwicklungsarbeit aus deutscher Sicht [Old an new goals and mistakes of ecclesiastical development work from a German perspective]. An interview about ecclesiastical development work today]. The changed role of NGOs in development work]. Aktionsgruppen und Nichtregierungsorganisationen als Plattformen gesellschaftlicher Innovation [Action groups and NGOs as platforms for societal innovation].
Entwicklung in der Informations- und Kommunikationsgesellschaft [Development in information and communication society]. Aussichten des christlich-muslimischen Dialogs [Migration and integration as an opportunity. Chances of the Christian-Islamic dialog]. Die Beteiligung der Wirtschaft an internationalen Konventionen [Private economy and environmental protection. The share of the economy in international conventions]. Fortsetzung von Anthropos Keywords : Della Valle, P. Ethnographic data gathering, documentation, and description in Pietro Della Valle Continued from Anthropos The Italian traveller Pietro Della Valle, who visited many Oriental countries and parts of India in the years , published the then most voluminous and sophisticated travel reports of the time.
Besides other material, it contains a vast amount of ethnographic data. The argument of this article is that Della Valle already developed and applied explicitly the main principles of ethnographic fieldwork, evaluated critically his data, and provided detailed information about his sources. Ein romantisches Gehirn - Zum cerebral turn der strukturalen Anthropologie.
A romantic brain. On the cerebral turn in structural anthropology. Sociology has so far discussed the results of neurobiological research with regard to two different aspects: normatively, as the question for the creatorship of actions, and methodologically, as the question for their relevance in explaining social actions. In doing so, it often ignores the fact that neurobiological naturalism particularly challenges theoretical sociology to account for socio- ontological questions of constitution.
This paper suggests that, as to this matter, sociology by itself makes advances to the natural sciences. At the level of practical realisation, the next part follows the question to what extent a naturalist position can actually be deduced from the general context of the empirical fields of research within structural anthropology. Wirkungen des wilden Denkens. Mit einem Beitrag von Martin Zillinger [The magical moment. With a contribution by Martin Zillinger]. Keywords : Bourdieu, P. Bourdieu describes modern society as differentiated into classes on the one hand and into fields on the other.
Keywords : museology , South Sea collection , colonialism and museums. One might imagine that it was ethnologists who collected the objects for the Royal Ethnographical Collection in Munich before the First World War. However the majority of items exhibited in the South Sea Collection in Munich were, surprisingly, collected by other groups of people in the former colony of German New Guinea: civil servants, captains and merchants.
The purpose of this article is to illustrate the various, often astonishing, routes taken by the exhibits before they finally ended up in the State Museum of Ethnology. While Governor Albert Hahl donated selflessly and out of patriotism to the museum, the contributions of Station Commander Franz Boluminski and Captain Karl Nauer were only handed over in return for medals and titles and as a means of satisfying their vanity.
The legacies of the agricultural expert Heinz von Sigriz ethnographica and photo albums and the head of the New Guinea Company Hubert Geisler were only given to the museum in and by their heirs. Another issue examined here are the different paths followed by the collectors within their colonial context. Foods, friends and funerals. On lived religion. Anthropology of religion 1. Berlin: Lit Verlag Keywords : religious studies , theology , Lutherans , Anglicans , Muslims , identity and religion , funerals and identity , ritual and identity , missiology.
This is a wide-ranging yet incisive text on 'religion from below' by an anthropologist, based on many years of field-work in Borneo and Australia and current teaching in practical theology and religious studies. It argues that rural Lutherans in Australia, and rural Anglicans, Muslims and local religionists in Malaysia, whose views form the core of the book, discern their religious identity primarily in terms of their food, friends and partners and funeral practices, and only secondarily - if at all - in terms of belief and doctrine.
It also criticizes ego-centred and ethnocentred approaches to religion too often apparent in religious studies and missiology. Ein Beitrag zur Wissenschafts-geschichte. Keywords : ethnology Austria , history of anthropology , Catholicism and anthropology , Haberlandt, A.
The beginnings of ethnolgoy in Vienna. A contribution to the history of science. Ethnology in Vienna started in the midth century. Fernberger, the Novara expedition, the Anthropological Society of Vienna. Several anthropologists are portrayed F. Paulitschke, F. Luschan, R. Heine-Geldern , and Michael and Arthur Haberland are described in detail. Keywords : cultural criticism , criticism , modernism , postmodernism , Enlightenment , authority , equality , subordination , Rousseau, J. Cultural criticism. The author describes a crisis of criticism - in modern, western societies criticism being conceived as a child of Enlightenment, and with modifications in Konersmann further opines that criticism is neither endangered nor threatened to disappear, but that it has already successfully changed and found new positions and forms of expression: it has become cultural criticism.
The book includes a lenghty chapter on J. Keywords : mediality , messenger model , transference and media , mediation , philosophy of culture , perception , media and perception , transmission. Medium, messenger, transference. A brief metaphysics of mediality. It becomes clear that the elementary task of the media is to make something absent perceivable. Das Fremde. Konstruktionen und Dekonstruktionen eines Spuks. Ethnologie Keywords : alterity , otherness , discourse analysis , multiculturalism , globalization.
Constructions and deconstructions of a haunting. Alterity has become a focal topic in everyday life and sciences in the face of globalization. The papers deal with otherness in everyday life, politics, economy, advertising, etc. Kulturwissenschaftliche Religionsstudien 8. Keywords : gender and religion , religion and gender , feminism , theological gender studies , Biblical women , feminist theology , religious education , Islam.
Daughters of god. Studies on the relationship of culture, religion, and gender. Zur philosophi-schen Anthropologie zwischen Stammesgeschichte und Kulturdeutung. Keywords : humanitarianism research , philosophical anthropology , sociobiology , creativity , emotion , cognition.
Humanitarianism research as an interdisciplinary anthropology. On philosophical anthropology between tribal history and the interpretation of culture. The author presents a philosophical anthropology with a proximity to both practice and scholarship. In doing so he includes biological, systems-theoretical and social-scientific material, and deals with normative philosophical approaches such as responsibility, human rights questions, freedom, and freedom of will, and the search for meaning in life. The focus is on man as a creative, achieving, responsible, and normative being.
Feste in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Aspekte, Beispiele, Perspektiven. Keywords : feasts , festivals , cultures of festivals , nation and festivals. Festivals in history and present. Aspects, examples, perspectives. Finally, the results of this quest for a definition and modern formation of feasting is applied to an analysis of the notorious 'crisis of feasting' in the present.
Poststrukturalistische Sozialwissenschaften. Poststructuralist social sciences. The authors observe that poststructuralist thinking pertains to practically all social science areas, whether it is society, power, religion, art They ask how central social-scientific concepts and research are being transformed by adopting poststructural perspectives. Theorising Sexuality. Keywords : sexuality , gender , race , power , feminism. This article proposes to treat sexuality as a cultural object, analysing the sexual meanings produced by specific discourses on sexuality and gender power.
More precisely, it focuses on the ways in which sexual liberation theorists have theorised sexuality as a site of liberation from capitalist power relations and it explores feminist critiques of sexual liberation discourse, drawing out the ways in which feminist debates around sexuality have recast sexuality as a crucial site of gender power. Myths of the creation of the world, of humans, and the endangerment of existence. He sees a similarity between creation myths, with gods as agents, and human creative agency and its evolutionary history from simple tools to nuclear plants.
Stratifikation durch Evaluation: Mechanismen der Konstruktion von Statushierarchien in der Forschung. Keywords : status hierarchies , hierarchy , measuring universities , evaluation in academia , peer reviews. The investigation starts with a case study on the evaluation of economics and management science at Bavarian universities in The case study is carried out in two steps. The results of the study are then interpreted theoretically and explained with regard to causes, accompanying features, and consequences.
The major finding of the study is that centrally organized comparative evaluation of departments contributes to the construction of self-reproductive status hierarchies. Three mechanisms each of constructing and of reproducing status hierarchies are disclosed in the analysis. Keywords : war , transnational wars , fourth generation wars , violence and states , Westphalian system , guerilla , sovereignty of states , new wars.
The observation, central to political theory and the history of ideas, that conceptual and political orders do not only correspond with, but virtually condition each other, becomes apparent in dramatic ways when looking at war and peace: Without a proper concept of war, a peace regime cannot be built.
This explains the intensity of recent debates on the "New Wars" theorem. Crucial for European history of war in modern times is the dissociation of interstate war and civil war, of war and guerrilla, as has been codified in the Peace of Westphalia. The so-called "Westphalian system" of nation-state sovereignty, including the related form of international law, focused on maintaining this dissociation. It guaranteed not only the symmetry of wars, but also the stability of peace regimes of a non-imperial kind.
This, however, appears to be unfeasible since the end of the 20th century. Intimbeziehungen aus soziologischer Perspektive. Keywords : love , sociology of love , theories of love. Declarations of love. Intimate relations from a sociological perspective. In doing so, the notion of love is analyzed, too, then Western concepts of love through time, in present times, and trends pointing to the future. Unternehmen im globalen Stress: Zum kulturellen Wandel sozialer Beziehungen. Keywords : corporations , change in corporations , business and change , globalization and economy.
Corporations in global stress: On the cultural change of social relations. Since the 's globalization is on everybody's mind and discussed in all media. This article throws light on the cultural change taking place in these discussions as far as social relationships in corporations and the public sphere are concerned. Globalization serves as a policy of external attribution of inherent necessity. While the citizen is led into new unequal relations by the increasing global exchange of goods and services, his institutional ways to express discontent still rely on inadequate national channels.
Keywords : language barrier , qualified interpreting , professional interpreting service , Migrant Friendly Hospital Project. Language barriers are a major difficulty and impede successful communication between patients and hospital staff. Nine European hospitals, a scientific institute, and international experts cooperated in the "Migrant Friendly Hospital", a project to implement and evaluate professional interpreting services. The paper illustrates an example of good practice and evaluation results from a staff survey conducted before and after intervention.
Especially the good practice model shows that quality assured interpreting services need a concrete organisational link-up. The article closes with recommendations for a concerted action within the hospital quality management. Metzler Lexikon Literatur- und Kulturtheorie. Stuttgart: Metzler Verlag Keywords : culture theory , lexicon culture theory , literary and culture theory.
Metzler Lexicon Literary and culture theory. Approaches, persons, basic notions. This is a lexicon combining the areas of literary and cultural studies. Keywords : decoupling thesis , Beck, U. The individualization thesis that was developed by Ulrich Beck in the s has inspired quite a lot of research in the social sciences, which, however, has not led to conclusive results. This article focusses on the so called decoupling thesis, a core theorem in this discussion.
It maintains that despite unchanging objective structures of social inequality, their relevance for social action, social identity and social perception has declined since the s. In this paper an alternative method of testing the decoupling thesis was used in an explorative fashion. In an experiment respondents were asked to classify wedding portraits from the s, s, and s by social class. The results of this experiment do not support the decoupling thesis since there is no linear decrease over time in the of correct classifications of the persons depicted.
Das Konzept der Generation. Eine Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte. Keywords : generation , age groups , genealogy , transgenerationality. The concept of the generation. A scientific and cultural history. This monograph presents a comprehensive scholarly and cultural history of the generation concept - in its biological, political, educational, historiographic, and literary dimensions: starting from the antique generation of the notion to current demographic and biomedical debates.
This includes genealogical thought in premodernity, the physiology of the generation before and after the 17th century, the generation as a future model around , genius and generativity between aesthetic theory and genetics, the family in literature of the 19th century, modernization of the concepts, the generation gap in the 20th century, transgenerationality concepts of transference.
Keywords : poverty , wealth , capitalism , Ewald, F. The paper deals with the regularly and correctly assumed but theoretically rather seldom explicated reciprocal implication of the market and the welfare state. It is argued that the widely called for re-privatisation of social security and the conversion of conventional welfare into workfare policies may eventually lead to the cancellation of the social contract of the welfare state.
The author maintains that, should such reforms be thoroughly realized, the welfare state as an institution of political inclusion would become an agency that only replicates and embodies the principle of economic equivalence, instead of harbouring the ideal of gift exchange too and thereby cushioning the hardships of a capitalist labour market.
The first section of the paper recalls instrumental as well as caring aspects of the evolution of the welfare state. Secondly the concept of reciprocity and the moral foundations of the providential state will be specified. Section three tackles the economic, social, political, and cultural dimensions of the social security crisis. Fourthly superficially similar but morally diametrically opposed proposals to introducing an unconditional basic income will be censored. In general it is the aim of the paper to prove the analytical potential of ,the gift" and to normatively defend its spirit against a consummation of the competitive market.
Wetterzauberei und Schamanismus. B Ethnologie Keywords : weather witchcraft , shamanism , comparative religion , religion and magic , shamanism , rain magic , efficacy , rituals. Weather witchcraft and shamanism. In each case, examples are presented, compared, and analyzed according to categories such as nature spirits, rain sacrifices, rain stones, color symbolism, and behavioral rules. The author asks whether there are commonalities or similarities in these examples, and whether the weather can be really influenced by the shamans.
Results show many common features of the cases. The Anthropological Society of Vienna and the anthropological disciplines. Pusman documents and discusses the history of the society, founded in up to , which comprises and includes the disciplines of physical anthropology, ethnology, pre-history, and Folklore Studies.
For each of the periods monarchy, between the world wars, during National Socialism, after National Socialism behavior and processes in the four disciplines is described. Die Erfindung der flachen Erde. Keywords : Columbus, C. The invention of the flat earth. The Columbus myth and the construction of the transition between the epochs of the Middle Ages and Modernity.
Reinhardt recounts the history, the process of the invention of the flat earth particularly in the United States - connected with the history of Christopher Columbus. Keywords : sociology of religion , new religions , pilgrims , nuns , Muslimas , migrants , events , religious studies. Young pilgrims to the pope, emancipated Muslimas, travelling nuns: New actors in the sociology of religion. In its beginnings sociology of religion was practiced as a general theory of society.
Today it has to share its objects with other special sociologies, for example youth or migration research. This elucidates many of contemporary religious studies, which do not focus on the social meaning and interpretation of religion generally, but ask the questions in greater detail: 1 How juveniles, who are socialised in a mediated every life, practice religious community, 2 in which way muslim women with educational and social capital interpretate the qu'ran, 3 and what kind of cultural meanings are accentuated by members of transnational religious communities?
Drawing on selected studies the article reconstructs the current state of religious research in order to identify new fields and actors and reclaim the relevance of a religious-sociological perspective for the cultural analysis of society. Methoden kulturvergleichender Sozialforschung. An introduction. This textbook from a sociological perspective aims at a practice-oriented introduction, especially focusing on possibilities and limits of cultural-comparative survey research. The authors want to supply a sound basis for critically dealing with such studies, and to enable readers to conduct research themselves.
They discuss aims and procedure of comparative studies what and how to measure, how to sample. Procedures of selection are discusses, developing questionnaires, assessing social contexts, and ways to analyze internal and external equivalence, etc. Keywords : Lacan, J. An attempt to apply a Lacan perspective to molecular genetics in the context of neoliberalism. This includes critical analyses of society, e. Keywords : privacy , public and privacy , public sphere , feminism , theory of democracy , democracy. The dynamics of privacy and public in modern societies. While the public sphere is often discussed as a democratic ideal, or as a declining feature of late-modern societies privacy still is a residual category in political and theoretical debates, or is cherished as an uninterpreted realm of happiness.