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The message simply thanks the girl for being Director Yukihiko Tsutsumi wrings laughs out of an unlikely topic -- domestic violence -- in this dark comedy about noodle-shop waitress Yukie Morita Miki Nakatani , who puts up with the fiery temper, gambling and cruelty of her shiftless, ex-gangster boyfriend Hiroshi Abe. But as flashbacks reve Strit and her friends live in the future where the Earth has become so polluted that they must live underground. Set in a world so ravaged by pollution that the humans have been f After a not so friendly shootout, a mobster decides to leave the New York crime world, and begin a new life in LA Peranmai - Story about a forest officer Jayam Ravi foils the plan of a group of terrorists trying to enter the country with the help of 5 girls Nirakkoottu movie tells Sasikala Varghese Urvashi who wants to find out about Ravi Varma Mammootty who is sentenced to death for the murder of his wife Mercy Sumalatha who is also Sasikala's sister.

Journalist Sasikala covers and receives acclaim for the story of the once-wealthy but now death They have a daughter and live a normal life. Seetha is then killed by Dulabribai's men, and Balram sends his daughter to be taken care of by nuns along with his partner Madhavan. Balram faces his enemies, including Indira Shank Married at 17 and widowed at 20, Dr. Balasubrahmaniam lives with his teenage son.

Son does not want to follow his father into medicine and joins an engineering college. He is killed accidentally by some seniors during ragging. The grief-stricken father tries to avenge his son's death Devaraj, a factory worker, faces many challenges when he joins a new job. Can he overcome them? Nandan Shankar an introverted singer from a poor background falls in love with Devi Urvashi.

Their friends Sunny Mohanlal and his girlfriend Thara Geetha are quite the opposite and are extremely outgoing. When Devi's parents do not approve of her relationship with Nandan, they try to force h Two school students plan to runaway while on the school trip. But with the entering of an uninvited man in the situation for their help and one of them falls in love with him, something is revealed which is not so pleasant Three friends find themselves in a love triangle.

Things get complicated with their friendship and they have to find a solution for their problem Two employees try to get their debt-ridden TV channel to the top position by manufacturing a fake reality show that involves uniting lovers who face opposition at home Kaimal and Susheela are leading a troubled married life. The latter is unsatisfied with the ignorance from her husband.

Susheela, a mother of two children, indulges in a physical relation with a car mechanic named Giri. On an unfortunate day, she elopes with Giri to start a new life. After the incid Jai Gopichand is a fire officer. Ranganath turns informer and runs away with the Chota Naik"s money. Chota Nayak suspects Jai to be an accomplice of Ranganath and starts troubling A down-on-luck wedding planner tries to save a girl from a criminal who plans to marry her with revenge on his mind They are sent out onto the streets and Instead of enforcing the rules and regulations of the LAPD, they decide to impose the African cultural values onto the members of the public Peter Winter is a young schizophrenic who is desperately trying to get his daughter back from her adoptive family.

He attempts to function in a world that, for him, is filled with strange voices, electrical noise, disconcerting images, and jarringly sudden emotional shifts. During his quest, he runs When Moo-Myung was young, he had an once-in-a-lifetime event.

He walked into orphanage by himself. To take revenge, he attempts to become a God of Noodles Scientists install a micro chip, called Black Cat, inside the brain of a violence prone girl named Catherine in an attempt to refine and control her fits of rage. Their plan is to turn her into the perfect government secret agent "killing machine" Jessie and Susan, and Chloe and Beth, who spend the weekend together and realize they are with the wrong partner. Susan and Beth were college roommates who are having a reunion at their former school. Susan travels up to Oregon with her current partner Jessie.

Jessie is jealous of Susan's relationsh As thousands of men, women and children attempt to get into Europe, a comfortable English family sets out on what appears to be a holiday Marcella is shocked to the core of her being when her husband Jason leaves her unexpectedly, confessing he no longer loves her. Ten years ago Marcella gave up her fast-tracked police career to marry and devote her life to her family. With the While there she meets a handsome young German and falls in love, unaware that he is her intended husband Albert The young marriage of the insurance agent Hannes and his wife Nora is being worn down by financial difficulties and overcrowded living conditions.

Hannes is unable to sell enough policies and life becomes ever worse for the two. Nora attempts to earn some extra money, but even that proves to be a Little Bastard searches for the parents who abandoned him as an infant, with the help of Little Beggar. He finds his father, who is a powerful and wealthy manl and is taken in by him and his family.

Before long Little Bastard is seduced by his attractive cousin, making Little Beggar very jealous. Hong Ra On, disguises herself as a man and counsels men on dating. The Crown Prince becomes interes When a hard-working single mother, Sara Diaz, has her children taken from her after she is suspected of injuring her son, Ally Fisher, a recent law school graduate, is assigned to represent her case before Judge Martha Schulman, a veteran of the Family Court System Huang is a taciturn detective, hired to catch the elusive Li Chonggao in an illicit tryst. Having failed that, he placates himself by collecting evidence: taking pictures of a rumpled bed or attempting to question the locals.

When he meets the stunning Yu Ran, he suspects she may be the key to captu Blind Mountain follows a young woman, Bai Xuemei, in the early s who recently graduated from college and attempts to find work to help pay for her brother's education. In the process, she is drugged, kidnapped and sold as a bride to a villager in the Qinling Mountains of China's Shaanxi province A father and son meet after five years of the father's absence and they go on a trip to rebuild their relationship A drama centered around the employees of a Nanjing massage parlor who share a common trait: they are all blind Seven people with seven love stories.

They ignite the love and hate hidden under the table. In this battle of love, who will survive and who will lose? When the boundary between lies and truth has blurred, who can tell if the others are sincere or not? When one says, ' I love you', does one mean it A female photographer looks upon three photos that she has taken the night before her opening exhibition, and recounts her relationship with her grandfather Yitzhak runs the turkey farm his father built with his own two hands after they emigrated from Iran to Israel.

When his son Moti turns thirteen, Yitzhak teaches him the trade, hoping that he will continue the proud family tradition. But Moti doesn't like working in the turkey barn; his passion is fi Parallel worlds collide as a secret society policing this phenomena track a man whose wife has seemingly disappeared This is the story of a Golden Age superhero living in the Modern world.

In his heyday, the Protector was greatest of all superheroes. But now, as an old man with a heart condition, this former hero is learning that even though his will might be strong, there are some things you can't save from time While investigating the murder of her father by her blind younger brother, a young woman disturbs the vengeful spirit of Elizabeth Short, known in legend as "The Black Dahlia" After killing her abusive husband, a young woman finds that it is harder to move on with her life than she immediately thought she would be, which yields horrific results for those closest to her Drama about a woman being held hostage by her own mind.

Watch in awe as Niki becomes the vicious Jean as she holds her counterpart, Amy Natalie at gun point An action thriller that follows two homicidal assassins, named Jack and Jill, as they take over a New York news television station and hold its employees hostage A beautifully-made film about two love-seeking angels and a lonely theater usher longing to return to the light The exploits of a depressed architect in Belgrade as he wanders about searching for the future in a land where the future no longer exists.

Handsome Nikola is in his mid-thirties. He earned the nickname Champ because he used to race speedboats. He makes a decent living as a free-lance architect and Seven stories with no connection at all but with a common universal theme of doing good deeds and making the right decision China, the early s. Following the 4 May Movement in , when students and radicals demontrated against foreign oppression, Yang Zhihua moves from Zhejiang province to Shanghai and ends up studying sociology at Shanghai University, where she becomes friends with Feng Xiaoxuan, a student of Engl Migue, the oldest member of the band Los Chicos, is kidnapped prior to a show.

After the concert, the band receives a call telling them the location where they can rescue Migue. They decide to escape police protection and make their way to the port in hopes of finding him A young woman is released from prison, after serving an eight-year sentence for murder, and wishes to start her life over. Getting a job at a newspaper through a friend, she tries to settle in despite the pressures of being an ex-convict.

When bizarre incidents begin to occur both at work and at hom A woman is raped and impregnated by a psychopath, who comes back from beyond the grave to exact revenge when his demonic son undergoes an exorcism A Japanese photojournalist revisits Vietnam after the Liberation and learns harsh truths about its regime and its "New Economic Zones" Winston arrives at NYU as a freshman, knowing he's gay and wondering where that fact will lead him.

He falls hard for Tom, his temporary roommate who's soon to leave for L. Meanwhile, temptations and opportunities abound in the Village: sex in public Antonio, a gunman of the terrorist group ETA, days before making an attack, he meets Charo, a junkie of eighteen years, despite the sordid environment in which they grew up, still has the naivety. He has dedicated his life to a cause they do not believe and their discomfort grows to feel trapped in Free Hugs captures the "rock bottom" moment of post-breakup wallowing, when friends lose their patience, and the pitiless world moves on without you.

We follow the hilariously bitter Billie Jaclyn Jonet as she attempts to find catharsis through comfort food and wine , sawing her belongings in hal Tharadas plans to kill Rajesh to avenge the murder of his uncle. Their lives get complicated when Rajesh marries Thulasi! Jomon is a very spoilt brat and he seldom know how to lead a practical and successful life. He believes that a person can amass wealth In at the age of nine, he lives with his German mother in a small flat in Hamburg's working class district Barmbek, while his father and grandfather had left the Al Shaw's life revolves around motor racing and his back country junkyard, the "Smash Palace".

His French wife, Jacqui, doesn't appreciate the lack of attention due to Al's obsession with cars. When Al finds her in the arms of another man, he takes his daughter, Georgie and heads for the bush, despe This film exposes the weaknesses found in the high-society consisting of the minister, architects and lawyers. Each has different tastes and desires. As an influential person, the minister used his position to compromise the weak girl.

The young lawyer was questioning the good name and status after Lord Ravenhurst, a former British fencing champion, runs his seaside country estate with his devoted junior son, Taylor, who recruits a youth friend, landscape architect Vivian, daughter of loyal steward Desmond, to help with some modernization.

She's disappointed to learn to invitation didn't come The various faces of youth and people in an enclosed space of a convenience store for 12 hours Expressing post-war cultural internationalism, this silent film follows the mysterious Orchid and the man who loves her Judge D. Sinha is an honest and hard-working man. He lives with his wife, and two sons, Rajkishan and Suresh.

While he is confident that Rajkishan is honest and diligent, he is clearly disappointed with Suresh, who is not only dishonest, but has a violent temper, which gets him into trouble with t Chanthu, a poor orphan and Aromal are cousins and belong to the Chekavar clan, a warrior clan who hire themselves out as duellers to settle disputes among the rich and powerful. Aromal, jealous of the much more talented Chanthu, makes life miserable for him and Chanthu decides to leave and live with They come from totally different backgrounds and can hardly speak the other's language.

Their parents despise each other and they have regular skirmishes When Sahibji's family usurps his business and mansion, leaving him penniless, it is up to the poor house servant Krishna to fix the matter John Jaffer Janardhanan is an action comedy film with a lost and found theme, about three brothers separated during their childhood who grew up in three homes, adopting three religions. They meet in their youth to fight a common villain.

This movie is a remake of blockbuster Hindi movie Amar Ak Nombarathi Poovu movie is all about the deep relation between Gigi and Padmini. The movie shows how a young woman Padmini who is separated from her husband gets attached to a young orphan girl Gigi when they meet in a hospital during their stay after a bus accident. Gigi has lost her mother in the Donga Mogudu is a action comedy based movie in which, Chiranjiveei played dual role in this movie. Ravi Teja Chiranjeevi is an industrialist, who owns a textile company.

He is a successful person in business but his personal life lacks harmony and peace. Tortured by his wife Madhavi and her mother Naagulu's father has been feeding mixing snake poison in his food since childhood, making Naagulu immune to any snake bite. Every fu The movie is about a girl's emotional turmoil after a breakup and her ever supportive brother and how they try to get through the difficult period Based on the true story of a female dog trainer, Kyoko Mochizuki, nicknamed "Anko", and a Labrador retriever which repeatedly fails the police dog trials despite numerous tries. Kyoko Mochizuki is an year-old girl who dreams of becoming a police dog trainer.

She is admitted to a police dog traini A dark-skinned call taxi driver starts chatting with a pretty girl on Facebook under the profile of a good-looking guy. He yearns to marry her, but life has quite a bunch of twists in store for him A group of down-on-their-luck robbers pull off a spectacular job - only to find themselves hunted by cops and possible betrayers! Sara Gold is a young girl on a quest to save man's best friend.

When she goes undercover to take down a dog breeder suspected of wrongdoing, she quickly finds out she might be on the wrong side of right. Sara must make a decision: to continue and follow the orders of her organization, United Animal For the many people, Mela is just another airhead brat girl. With her provocative clothing and crass language anyone would easily judge her as nothing.

Until she goes steady with a guy who has an equally bad reputation as she has Ryan, who cheats on her. Upon their breakup, Mela diverts her attentio Episode 1: Tameme Leslie is a rich highschool student, who longs for her absentee parents. Uthama Puthiran is the story of a queen who gives birth to twins.

But as fate would have it, one of the twins is forcefully abandoned and grows up elsewhere. He grows up as a kind and honest man, while the other twin grows up as a greedy and arrogant man. When fate brings both the twins together and Vanjikkottai Valiban is a Indian Tamil-language romance film written by Gemini Studios story department consisting of K. Mahadevan, C. Srinivasan and Kothamangalam Subbu while the film was directed and produced by S. It stars Gemini Ganesan and Vyjayanthimala in lead with Padmini, Velayudhan, a mentally retarded person, lives along with his family.

He shares everything with Lakshmi, his cousin. He struggles as Lakshmi leaves him and marries and old widower For over 40 years, Harold has been running a successful business, Lunde Furniture together with his wife, Marny. But this comes to an end when IKEA decides to open a new superstore right next door to Harolds small furniture shop.

Harold and Marny lose both their shop and their home to the bank, and A visit from her teenage granddaughter, Mina, and her son-in-law, Alei, brings a sweet and bitter taste into her life. Luna, a young beauty has a fling with and older man then she finds him dead in a hotel room in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. She also discovers his notebook filled with cryptic messages. The book leads her to Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Mexico, and beyond as she tries to discover why is he dead. Finally Luna f International Security Affairs agent Jon is on a dangerous mission to escort a criminal scientist to another country.

En route, a member of his team turns out to be a traitor and shoots Jon in the head while kidnapping the scientist. When Jon wakes up in the hospital, a doctor tells him that within Sit Ho Ching used to be an everyday white-collar worker who had no ambition and no plans for his future. Everything went smoothly until one day, when his boss set him up and his girlfriend cheated on him, he suddenly became a jobless single man, which made him rethink his past life of duties and rou Five thought-provoking shorts imagine what Hong Kong will be like ten years from now.

Rebels strive to preserve destroyed homes and objects as specimens in the mesmer Sarah tells Paul that she wants out of their marriage; the next day she disappears. A year later and Paul along with their children return to his childhood town to start anew after the loss of his wife and their mother A once-successful veteran is envious of the success that his one-time assistant as a music director and plots to bring him down by ruining both his career and life Love knows no limits in the grand period romance, Lady Jade Locket.

A young fighter inadvertently falls for the spirit of a beautiful woman, who died years earlier avenging her own father's murder. The beautiful ghost is in fact the sister of his fiancee. Experienced as an actor in many such romance Chen Hou is a chauffeur who gets caught in a mistaken identity scandal linking him to businesswoman Lok Dai.

Chen was supposed to audition for a job as her chauffeur, but a proposed musical show is far more attractive to the aspiring dancer. When a rumor gets out that the two are involved in an affa The noted actress Li Li-hua, star of more than sixty films since , beautifully portrays the drugged, then disgraced wife of a peddler in the waning days of the Ching Dynasty. And ev A young scholar spends the night in a creepy temple that is said to be haunted.

He doesn't believe in the rumors, but after running into a Taoist swordsman, he meets a beautiful lady ghost. She is forced by an evil old witch to seduce young men, so the witch can kill them and drink their blood A distant father is forced to confront a heroic but troubled past life as '80s TV character Pombo Vogel, an important trafficker, betrayed two of his accomplices, Castro and Smith. The first was shot by police, while the latter was imprisoned. Fifteen years later, Vogel adopted a new identity and moved to Jamaica with his wife, Linda.

Smith comes back for revenge but Vogel sends his henchmen to Five infantry soldiers of the national army take a photograph of them somewhere in Madrid in at the end of the Spanish Civil War , and they promise to meet again ten years after at the same place An accomplished writer arrives to a guesthouse near the lake in the middle of nowhere. Its owner is a young and obviously troubled woman. During the night a sexually active couple is slashed to death by a mysterious black-gloved killer.

More savage murders follow. Who is behind them? Emmanuelle is recently reunited with her husband, but at the next party, she gets drunk and strips nude for his friends. He returns to his lover. Later, a sober Emmanuelle tries to redeem herself, but her husband refuses to forgive. She travels to see him, gets raped on the way by two delinquents, a Mondo-style docudrama about a war correspondent who comes back home and has a spiritual crisis about his own mortality.

Surreal fantasy sequences are mixed with graphic real autopsy footage Betsy Norman is a happy assistant at a luxurious Spanish hotel. Shiela, the hotel owner, caters for all wishes of her clientele with another lucrative business, the brothel "Rio Amore" where clients from all over the world come to relax with the girls and watch the sado-masochistic shows.

Linda, Bet But the experience triggers a carnal awakening, full of socialite sex parties and woodland orgies. And before long, Cecilia finds her amorous adventures spinning ou Gigliola is a young and humble Neapolitan swimmer who will compete in a competition in Spain and finds herself falling for the fiance of her best friend. But when they come to visit her in Italy, she pretends to be rich, with the complicity of their parents Manuela is a woman unlucky in love.

But when she meets Eduardo, a married man, her life will change completely, as his side may start singing career Pocho Martin's body is found dead on the shore of a fishing village. According to the forensic Ramiro, Pocho has been assassinated, which alerts the Commissioner Carlos Mayans. Young Silvia Analia Ivars , Pocho's friend, receives the sad news but is more concerned about her impending wedding wi Eugenie is the capricious daughter of a rich diplomat, living in a seaside resort in Spain. She exhibits her young and splendid body in the beach and night-clubs. She feels an incredible adoration for her father who returns his daughter's passion A man, obsessed with sex, is dedicated to spying on women as they make love.

Aided by Al Pereira is hired by Lina, the wife of a wealthy man, to recover some compromising photos. She has sex with him by way of a retainer. In the course of his investigation, Al is obliged to commit a couple of murders An anthology series which centers on different characters being targeted by crazed serial killer Mick Taylor in the Australian outback Caroline and Margo respond to a "Missed Connections" ad on Craigslist, only to realize that there whirlwind romance was a trap, and the man of her dreams is leading a secret life.

The Two women join forces to bring down the dangerous con man who simultaneously romanced and duped them Frustrated, because he is forced to produce bad TV-shows, a manager of a TV-station, enters the station and manipulates the ratings, to initiate a TV-revolution Crystal and her boyfriend Leo embark on a tense and mysterious road trip through the desolate yet hauntingly beautiful landscape of central Florida Because of his alcoholism and his daring sermons, he is finally defrocked.

He becomes a tutor of countess Marta's stepdaughter and they fall in love. But the countess has a plan of her own Plot by Aljaz Ciber Despite her parents' misgivings, Brianne Lea Thompson marries Clay James Marshall , and the couple soon have a daughter. It's then that Clay begins to show the first signs that he's unhinged. When he sees Brianne innocently talking to a man, Clay shoots him dead. At first, Brianne believes that h When Wang Bao discovers a magical gourd that can instantly grant his every wish, the awkward child suddenly becomes a hero amongst his curious classmates.

When the gourd proves more of a burden than a Leung plays Jennifer, the spoiled-rotten daughter of a millionaire. When Jennifer's father realizes that she's spending way too much money, he hires Kit Lau to pretend to be a Filipino chauffeur and chaperone her. Then, Jennifer's father decides that he's going to teach her the value of money and A remake of the American film Ruthless People. Sean Lau plays a rich, fast-food chain owner named Lam Chak-chi.

Lam hates his wife but married her so that he could inherit the fast-food chain from her father. He decides he will kill his wife, but before he gets his chance she is kidnapped. When her entire family is killed by the occupying Manchus, Yin Wing Chun narrowly escapes to Shaolin temple It tells of a story of Marissa, a strict, heartless, domineering and fiery heiress and daughter of a wealthy landowner, who instills and sows fear among its populace The young man must set up a clear border between Finland and Russia, white and red, enemy and friend, us and them.

While the task seems clear he finds out the execution of his command in concrete situations is very difficult. Right choices turn out to be wrong ones and correcting them make things wo Jang-Soe's mother kills two sisters to take all properties from their father.

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Later Jang-Hwa and Hong-Ryeon become resented spirits. They appear to their father Mr. Bae and the chief of district to tell that their stepmother Mrs. Heo killed the The shocking, tragic death of his father propels Chris King into a nightmare. Running for his life, Chris fights off street thugs, a homicidal psychopath, and the CIA. He teams up with a beautiful but rough petty thief to uncover why he has become the hunted.

Together, they discover that a valuable A mysterious disappearance takes place during the shooting of a commercial on the beach in the early morning hours. An unknown man suddenly comes into the shot, then walks into the sea holding an umbrella and seizes to exist, before the bewildered eyes of the whole crew.

After the police are notifie Scarlet Heart: Ryeo is the remake of Chinese drama Bu Bu Jing Xin that stars IU as a woman who gets time-warped back to the Goryeo dynasty, and becomes involved with a very large family of princes, some of whom are vying for the throne, or her affections, or both Two days after the death of JFK. Having suffered as a boy under a brutal Communist-era coach, champion Hungarian gymnast Miklos moves to Canada years later in search of a new start - only to find himself unwittingly perpetuating the very same cycle of abuse among his own pupils A mother's struggle to support her child leads her into a surreal netherworld of sex and danger in this drama from Hungarian filmmaker Szabolcs Hajdu.

Mona Paparu is a single mother who has been left to raise her daughter Viorica on her own, only to have her fitness as a parent called into question A story of revolution, betrayal, corruption and wrongful imprisonment, as well as human character and strength while facing them Kaanchi movie is a musical thriller with a love story. It is a story of the inner power of a woman who represents millions of suppressed youth against unjust in the country.

It is also the story of an innocent rural beauty and her fight against power Zhou Lu is a female inmate convicted of murder. At first glance, her file looks like an open and shut case of a woman so fed up with her marriage that she resorts to killing her husband. Officer Hao Ruping, however, feels that here is more than meets the eye with Zhou Lu, so she takes on the investi A man cannot tolerate injustice and opposes it in any form; this earns him the wrath of a local goon, who plans to get rid of him at all costs Aadhavan Tamil:?????

Ravikumar and written by Ramesh Khanna. The story revolves around an insecure teetotaler Sarathy Karunas who feels bad due to his dark skin his wife Karthika is fairer than him who is often the brunt of many jokes. Because he feels inferior to his wife, he begins to suspect her of infidelity and to think that she will one day elope wi The film's background score was composed by Vidyasagar, and his soundtrack was released in Filming was completed in but the film remained unreleased for five years.

The pro Kondaan Koduthaan is Tamil movie directed by G Rajendran. Velauthukattau fame actor Kathir is male role for the movie and pair with female role of Advaitha. Mahesh is a thug in Thanjavur. His only ambition is emerge as the Number 1 rowdy with his name topping the list of wanted criminals in the local police station. He is called 'Yamakunji' by his friends for he wants to send fear in the spine of his opponents.

He indulges in all unlawful activities to Siva aka Maanga is an eccentric inventor and his constant experiments, which often end up in failure, make him a terror to his apartment folk. Disheartened, he tries to commit suicide in a decrepit house which holds a couple of secrets A common man decides to rise up and change the state of education in the country. Will the money-minded 'educationists' let him do that? A year-old man, who is one the verge of dying, goes searching for the lover from his youth. Does he find her? A school girl from a lower caste is raped and murdered by two powerful upper caste men.

Her elder sister takes revenge in her own style Aavi Kumar, a medium, gets into a tangle after he tells a sceptical cop he has charged the wrong man for a murder Two amateur circus kids from a poor Ukrainian village, ten-year-old Barbu and his older sister Mimma, are sold to a circus artist called Caruso who promises them a career in the West The films follows two couples, one is Albania, one in Serbia, who in the midst of wedding celebrations decide to leave their respective countries to realize their dreams in Western Europ The moral vacuum that was left after the nationalist conflicts in the area are reflected in The plot of this film can be viewed from a two different levels.

The first is universal and deals with the psychological theme of need for competition in the group, highlighting the need for the victory, which in life usually does not depend on the true virtues of the winner, so the result is usuall After twelve years spent abroad, the main character returns to his native city, where he meets his old love, friends and parents again They spend four days together and after that nothing will be the same in their lives. It speaks of a deep passion, sensuality, tend A simple story of an ex-convict who comes home after 10 years, only to find two squatters in the form of a woman and her autistic daughter.

Though Lazar initially plans to kick out Jasna and Jovana, he changes his mind after seeing the squalid conditions of the shelter they are to move into. It is a A journalist lives his smooth citizen life, married to a woman from respected family.

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But, conflicts with manager at work are becoming more often, his marriage is unstable and the outer manifestation of all this is a strange skin disease. Doctors recommend resting in nature and self-examination. A man dies in a foreign land. On his deathbed he asks his son to bury his bones in his fatherland, a country of brave and honest people, a country of tragic but heroic past.

His son wonders the world unsuccessfully looking for his father's home. He eventually finds the country in which people speak A couple of morticians entertain themselves by betting on how many cold customers will come in that day. But one of the corpses refuses to cooperate However, an unexpected call will bring back the memory of a secret that she has been trying to hide all these years The film is picturing the faith of the old Serbian warrior Milisav Janjic, who fought against the German occupation in the Second World War as a member of the "Ravnogorski pokret".

The storyline narrates his memories of the past and the war events in the spring of interwoven with the contempora Depicts the realistic and enjoyable lives of older and younger people who become dear friends A journalist, Ravishankar is suffering from blood cancer and has lost all hopes. That is when he meets a Vedic doctor. But his death is more awaited than his recovery The film was the first Indian film to use animated characters with actors. An aspiring young wannabe actor Raja Rajinikanth from a village get into a fast city which is full of crooks and drug dealers.

As he searching for In a time of starvation, a survivalist lives off a small plot of land hidden deep in forest. When two women seeking food and shelter discover his farm, he finds his existence threatened Francesca, a seventeen-year-old Roman, is finally sure she has found love.

Almost sure. She spends the day observing other lovers' behaviors and considering whether she is ready to jump. Her age notwithstanding, this movie is more about coming of age than about improper or illegal romantic relations After their foot schooner was stove in by a pod of killer whales, the six members of the Robertson family spend 37 days adrift in the Pacific with no maps, compass, or navigational instruments.

They use every survival technique they can as they battle foot waves, marauding sharks, thirst, starv Between February and July , in the Massabielle cave, the Virgin appeared eighteen times to Bernadette Soubirous, a miserable little girl from Lourdes. A true revolution in the heart of the Second Empire that shakes the established order by his universal message of love and prayer An action-adventure story focused on the lives of express deliverymen, traffic cops and lonely beauties The locations are different and completely opposite: the rural Macedonia at one hand, and the urban environment of an industrial region in Belgium at another Mi So has a bright personality, but she learns that she is pregnant with their second child.

Even with just one child, she has a hard time raising their child and working. Kim Jae Min decides to submit for a maternity leave Working with a beautiful lady spy, Indiana Jones is assigned to assist the British forces in their attack on the Turkish-occupied town of Beersheba. With a regiment of the Australian Lighthorsemen approaching, Indy must defuse the explosives the Turks have placed throughout the town Kang Yoo-na is the daughter of a pickpocket who learned the trade from her father and is already famous in her own right with a prolific rap sheet of her very own, and three prior convictions.

A film adaptation of the hit TV series by the same name, the movie continues the story where the series left off. As a result, it is noted for skyrocketing Angela Chang, Chen A family gathers for a happy reunion and marriage announcement on Christmas Day at an isolated mansion in the Philippine mountains only to encounter a series of bizarre, demonic, and tragic events The turbulent relationship between Oskar and Alex ends in a big blaze, Alex has set fire in Oskar's apartment. So Oskar decides that everything shall be different with the next one and he makes a deal with fun-loving Masha: sleeping together but no making love.

They both drift through Berlin and thr Denny is living the high life in Berlin and is having sex with a lot of girls. Denny got a mother. This mother just got a new husband: Frank. Denny hasn't talked to his mother in 10 years. Frank wants to change this. He takes a train to Berlin. Who's gonna be the first to mature? Cuaresma and Jojo A. The drama follows the lives of C A mysterious disappearance of a young woman leads her boyfriend on a journey for truth and perhaps his own unknown reality in this dark, hypnotic mystery that transcends the limitations of traditional narrative Not a love triangle but a love rectangle, Rose, Be My Love is a romantic drama that represents the high standards achieved by Shaw Brothers in both star power and technical polish.

Set on the eve of Pearl Harbor and Hong Kong's invasion by the Japanese, the tragic romance takes on added poignancy in Suburban Australia in the late 70s. Boasting drunken fist fights, back seat sex, illegal drag racing, a classic Oz rock soundtrack featuring Ol'55, Skyhooks and Renee Geyer and the screen debut of future star Sigr Vinnie is a teenage boy who is an outcast at school, alienating teachers and students alike. He is a local courier for the local Mafia boss. He lives in welfare housing with his mother Peta Toppano , a young brother and sister, and his Mum's lover who he can't stand.

Vinnie takes out his aggression Her novel is thought to be an account of her own schooldays at the Presbyterian Ladies College in Melbourne. The film is about a young girl, Laura Tweedle-Rambotham who grew up in t Just after the second world war, an English girl from a sheltered background, Jennifer Morton, falls in love with Czech migrant Carl Zlinter.

But Carl is not all that he seems and even Jennifer is not privy to his dark secret Susu Ching Li is an emotionally troubled young woman still tortured by the loss of boyfriend in a plane crash. Things change when she meets the dashing Yifei Yang Fang , a handsome intern who strives to heal Susu of her emotional scars After twenty-two years, the children are reunited with their birth mother, bringing deeply submerged resentments and misconceptions to the surface and forcing the characters to reexamine their identity Young Claudia works in a supermarket where she promotes various types of products.

One night, she ends up in the emergency room with severe appendicitis and meets Martha, a patient, laying in the bed next to hers Alma returns to Mexico seeking the man who caused the loss of her childhood home. He is not easily found, but the road to him brings her closer to her late father, and the secrets he took with him to his grave She finds herself in love with Jemadar Malik, a soldier there Instead of seeking medical advice, he gets a witch docto Zhang Xiaomei Jin Ze , is a prostitute living in Beijing.

When relationship problems with her boyfriend erupt, she flees to the resort city of Beidaihe and takes a room in a small hotel where she contemplates committing suicide. There she meets a young poet. The next morning, she wakes and learns t When a repressed high-school teacher loses his job, he decides to pull his entire life down with it.

Within the span of a few days, he will kidnap a teenage student, reconnect with his old high-school crush, forgive an old friend, kill his mother, take on a rabid group of feminists, a movie star, th You left your home to move far away. You were struck by a wind of change and were unfaithful to yourself. You reinvented yourself and you are now feeling free. But suddenly pressure arises in you A Huey P. Newton Story is a film directed by Spike Lee. It is a filmed performance of Roger Guenveur Smith's one-man show of the same name.

Smith sits in a chair on a stage and tells about the past, mostly dealing with Huey P. Newton's life and times A rape victim continues to be stalked by the man who attacked her. A bank employee, shy and skittish, is falling into the web of fear of the events he sees around him and the crime wave that seems to invade the city Buenos Aires. On the top floor of a hospital, a Spaniard that has lived half his life in Argentina realizes that he is dying. This old hired killer -tough, funny and tender- runs away with a happy load of morphine, and starts a trip up North, heading nowhere in particular.

A girl he finds on the roa Cebrian, a blast furnace worker Asturian, being held at the Civil Guard barracks. There has to be accountable for the disasters in a day of party with two friends Carmen, a woman dedicated to the restoration of works of art, suffers a sexual assault shortly after being reunited with his only son.

But she suffers from psychological disorder does not affect the man she lives. Deeply disappointed, he decides to embark on his own journey to the past In the evening program "Alone in the night", a radio broadcaster, who feels that the transition from dictatorship to democracy has betrayed his dreams of political, chronic corrosive ago defeatist Spanish society of the late Released from prison after five years, con-artist Szu is sent packing by his young wife; he heads for the town of Lutyn where he runs a con and attracts the interest of Jurek, a young cab driver who imagines himself a great grifter.

Szu "Sharp" teaches Jurek a few tricks enabling the young man to Two friends recall the PRL. After serving time in jail, they took up an illegal currency exchange. Cheated by partner - they decide to take revenge. Preparations take many months, but the action ends differently than it was planned At the beginning of the 19th century, white settlers regularly make and break treaties with the Native American inhabitants to gain possession of vast hunting grounds at ludicrously low prices without any bloodshed.

Harrison, Governor of Indiana, has made and broke no less than fifteen such treaties Two sketches covering episodes from the World War II. In the first novel, "Scherzo alla polacca", a shrewd son, trying to preserve his skin, ultimately becomes a hero and finds a reason for fighting. He initially tries to avoid underground training to avoid the Warsaw uprising. His drunkenness, disr The film will be screened as part of the festival's Panorama section Beginning of WWII. Zinaida, a Russian woman, is taken prisoner by the Germans and sent to Auschwitz concentration camp together with several other women.

She is imprisoned with her baby son, Gena, who is learning to walk and takes his first steps in the snow, in the concentration camp. They spend a The movie is about the fate of Polish soldier named Kale? Set in the closing days of World War II, the film recounts the adventures of the Polish soldier caught in the turmoil among the Polish Communist army, anti-communist underground and Ukrainian fascists Based on actual events in , the film recreates a hostage-taking in Switzerland.

Four men storm the Polish embassy: a criminal, a crazed killer, a student and an idealist. When the embassy is stormed by the police, the four captors react differently A tale of a young impoverished nobleman, who with his uncle returns from a war against the order of the Teutonic Knights in Lithuania. He falls in love with a beautiful woman and pledges an oath to bring her "three trophies" from the Teutonic Knights Based on a short story by Andrzej Mencwel.

Somewhere in Poland, spring Julian S. After another argument with his father, he leaves the house. Comrade R. Krzysztof R. The story of the pied piper, the German legend of the rat catcher of Hameln, retold as a punk invasion of a Polish small town Two orphans set out to claim their inheritance - a acre plot of land in Salem Oregon.

To Do so they must cross the rugged snow covered Rocky Mountains in the year The story of a modern family bored with the hassles of the city life in Los Angeles. They head for the wilderness never to return Terror reigns when Mimi, the son of a deported Don, along with his associate Jolly Rizzo wage a bloody war for control of the West Coast underworld, battling hordes of hard-boiled mobsters and deadly black pimps on their rise to the top!

Sunset Boulevard is a lucrative place to work for the Black Baron, a pimp with a distinctive red and yellow Rolls Royce and plenty of girls on his books. He don't take no mess from his girls, his madam or his competitors and viciously defends his patch.

First, he clobbers the Mob who attempt to move A boxer's manager pays a prostitute to make his boxer's nights hot, and endless. Not so strange, considering all the dirty deals the manager has with the local mafia. The strong champion has to contend with the sexy girl, before he gets to the ring with the title contender. But there are other inter The tragic story of Joe, a Police Sargeant in London who falls for Carmen a feisty gypsy girl who is the victim of a eastern European gang of sex traffickers.

Joe rescues her from her horrific entrapment and begins to love her like no man has before About two Photo Journalists that risk their lives by going into a War torn Cambodia in an effort to bring the worlds attention to this region David is a garage electrician, who dreamt all of his life of becoming a magician, but had no luck in it. His girlfriend Batya wants an ordinary life, but David is still looking for his dream, so he links up with Romanian immigrant Shimon, who is an expert magician Cafe Tales is the story of five Israeli men and their efforts to save a local cafe from demolition Unable to get a job upon his return from the war, he puts off his marriage and works for a bootlegger.

He is forced to take a rap for his boss, goes to prison, and forms a gang Abohomaan tells the story of Aniket, one of the finest filmmakers of Bengal in eastern India and the loves of his life. Devoted to his craft, Aniket met and fell in love with his wife Deepti, an actress, while they worked together on the set of a film. They were so in love that Deepti sacrificed her The film was released in October under the Chamunda Films banner. Russian poet, singer and actor Vladimir Vysotsky was an idol of the s and '80s.

In , at the age of 42, he passed away during the Moscow Olympic Games. This is the story of his last great love as handed down to his son from a family friend. Written by nitorch Sunflower is the story of the Zhang family in Beijing father, mother and son across three decades, centering on the tensions and misunderstandings between father and son.

Nine-year-old Xiangyang is having the time of his life, free of adult supervision until the day he meets the father he can hardly Dim Sum Take-Out shows how the heterogeneity and complexity of Asian American experiences can be erased. This sweeping, melodramatic saga of a powerful father, and his two sons, presents an honest view of the rugged life and goals of a simple farming family against the lush green agricultural lands of modern day Punjab A police officer adopts the son and sole survivor of a family he has massacred while pursuing a terrorist.

After some time the foster son finds out what the stepfather did After the passing away of his wife, Shalini, Raj has become more dependent on the Malhotras, and they have offered him support and solace in his time of need. Raj has also won over the affections of their son, Ro Suraj Kapoor is a single, wealthy young man. One day he meets Shubangi, and they fall in love.

Shortly thereafter they marry and settle down to enjoy a harmonious married life. During their stay at a hotel, the couple are approached by a man who claims that Shubangi is his wife and her real name is Unemployed and branded a trouble-maker, Jaikishan lives a poor lifestyle in a slum-area called Asha Colony, very near Andher's Lokhandwala Complex along with his sister, Seema; mom and dad.

He comes to the rescue of a homeless orphan, Mili, who suffers from a deep inferiority complex, and permits he In modern secular India corruption, nepotism, caste, and favoritism has taken root all the way from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, sparing no one in it's wake. Sanskrit belongs to the Indo-European family of languages , it is one of the three ancient documented languages that arose from a common root language now referred to as the Proto-Indo-European language: Vedic Sanskrit. Mycenaean Greek and Ancient Greek.

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Mycenaean Greek is the older recorded form of Greek , but the limited material that has survived has a ambiguous writing system. More important to Indo-European studies is Ancient Greek, documented extensively beginning with the two Homeric poems. Lakshmi Lakshmi or Laxmi, is the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity. She is the wife and shakti of Vishnu , one of the principal deities of Hinduism and the Supreme Being in the Vaishnavism Tradition.

With Parvati and Saraswati , she forms the holy trinity. Lakshmi is an important deity in Jainism and found in Jain temples. Lakshmi has been a goddess of abundance and fortune for Buddhists , was represented on the oldest surviving stupas and cave temples of Buddhism. In Buddhist sects of Tibet and southeast Asia, goddess Vasudhara mirrors the characteristics and attributes of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi with minor iconographic differences. Lakshmi is called Sri or Thirumagal because she is endowed with six auspicious and divine qualities, or gunas , is the divine strength of Vishnu. In Hindu religion, she was born from the churning of the primordial ocean and she chose Vishnu as her eternal consort; when Vishnu descended on the Earth as the avatars Rama and Krishna , Lakshmi descended as his respective consort as Sita and Rukmini.

In the ancient scriptures of India , all women are declared to be embodiments of Lakshmi. The marriage and relationship between Lakshmi and Vishnu as wife and husband is the paradigm for rituals and ceremonies for the bride and groom in Hindu weddings. Lakshmi is considered another aspect of the same supreme goddess principle in the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism. Lakshmi is depicted in Indian art as an elegantly dressed, prosperity-showering golden-coloured woman with an owl as her vehicle, signifying the importance of economic activity in maintenance of life, her ability to move and prevail in confusing darkness, she stands or sits like a yogin on a lotus pedestal and holds lotus in her hand, a symbolism for fortune, self-knowledge and spiritual liberation.

Archaeological discoveries and ancient coins suggest the recognition and reverence for Lakshmi by the 1st millennium BCE. Lakshmi's iconography and statues have been found in Hindu temples throughout southeast Asia, estimated to be from the second half of the 1st millennium CE; the festivals of Diwali and Sharad Purnima are celebrated in her honor. Lakshmi is one of many Hindu deities whose meaning and significance evolved in ancient Sanskrit texts. Lakshmi is mentioned once in Rigveda , where it means kindred sign of auspicious fortune.

Book 7, Chapter of Atharva Veda describes the plurality , asserting that a hundred Lakshmis are born with the body of a mortal at birth, some good and auspicious, while others bad and unfortunate; the good are welcomed. The concept and spirit of Lakshmi and her association with fortune and the good is significant enough that Atharva Veda mentions it in multiple books: for example, in Book 12, Chapter 5 as punya Lakshmi. In some chapters of Atharva Veda, Lakshmi connotes the good, an auspicious sign, good luck, good fortune, prosperity and happiness. For example, in Shatapatha Brahmana , variously estimated to be composed between BCE and BCE, Sri is part of one of many theories, in ancient India, about the creation of universe.

In Book 9 of Shatapatha Brahmana, Sri emerges from Prajapati , after his intense meditation on creation of life and nature of universe. Sri is described as a trembling woman at her birth with immense energy and powers; the gods were bewitched , desire her and become covetous of her.

The gods approach Prajapati and request permission to kill her and take her powers and gifts. Prajapati refuses, tells the gods that males should not kill females and that they can seek her gifts without violence; the gods approach Lakshmi , deity Agni gets food, Soma gets kingly authority, Varuna gets imperial authority, Mitra acquires martial energy, Indra gets force, Brihaspati gets priestly authority, Savitri acquires dominion, Pushan gets splendour, Saraswati takes nourishment and Tvashtri gets forms.

The hymns of Shatapatha Brahmana thus describe Sri as a goddess born with and personifying a diverse range of talents and powers. According to another legend, she emerges during the creation of universe, floating over the water on the expanded petals of a lotus flower. In the Epics of Hinduism , such as in Mahabharata , Lakshmi personifies wealth, happiness, grace and splendour.

Tripura mythology Tripura , meaning three cities, was constructed by the great Asura architect Mayasura. They were great cities of prosperity and dominance over the world, but due to their impious nature, Maya's cities were destroyed by god Tripurantaka , an aspect of Shiva ; the three cities were made of iron and gold and were located on earth, in the sky and in heaven, respectively. Following the death of Tarakasura , killed by Kartikeya , his sons Tarakaksha and Viryavana undertook severe penances by which they pleased Lord Brahma , they requested.

Resisting it, Brahma said to them. Tarkaksh and Viryavana asked to be blessed with impregnable fortresses, which would be everlasting. However, as Brahma told them that nothing could be everlasting, they requested that the destruction of the cities could be brought about by a single arrow only, on the hope that it was impossible for anyone to shoot such an arrow, save Lord Shiva, of whom they were great devotees. Brahma blessed them that such fortresses would be constructed. The three cities which comprised Tripura were distributed thus: The lowest, with walls of Iron, located on earth, The second, with walls of silver, located in the sky, The third, with walls of gold , located in heaven.

The three cities were mobile and moved in such a way that they would never be in a single line, save for a few moments in around a thousand years, when the Nakshatra Pushya would be in conjunction with the moon. Tarakasura's sons were thus reassured that they were safe, as it would be an difficult task to destroy such impregnable cities, which aligned only momentarily, by a single arrow.

Asuras from everywhere began to flock to Tripura to live. After several years of joy, the inherent evil tendencies of the Asuras surfaced once again and they began to oppress the good and torment the noble. In the meantime, Mayasura was engaged in the worship of Shiva; the rest of the demons shattered the peace of the worlds. When Indra and the rest of the Devas despondently approached Lord Brahma for respite, Lord Brahma redirected them to Shiva and informed them of the vulnerability of Tripura to a single arrow.

Lord Shiva promised to help them and the Devas returned to combat the Asuras in a mighty war. They were assisted by Nandi , the leader of Lord Shiva's Ganas. Though Vidyunmali was slain by Nandi, several other Asuras were killed in the war, they were revived by water in the pool of Tripura, which had magical powers; as the war raged on, Devas continued to struggle to match the Asuras, who used their magical powers to great effect in the war. One day the three cities aligned.

Shiva ordered; the war-chariot designed for Shiva was different. The Earth or Prithvi became the chariot with the Moon its wheels. Brahma was holding the reins. Mount Meru became the serpent Sheshnaag was the bow string.

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Vishnu was the arrow, Agni was the tip of the arrow. Vayu was inside the feathers on rear of the arrow. All other Devas had their own forms in the chariot. Just as the cities aligned, when the Pushya Nakshatra positioned appropriately, Lord Shiva was about to strung the mighty bow, the Vijaya with the arrow, the Devas were overjoyed that Tripura was going to be destroyed because of them. Lord Shiva, did not fire the arrow and just smiled.

All the three purams were burned immediately. Shocked at this act, Brahma pleaded that Devas thought wrong and that Shiva should forgive and release the arrow, or else the Devas would have a permanent bad name and the reason behind making this chariot would become meaningless. Shiva fired the arrow on the burning Cities; when Lord shiva seated on the chariot before heading to war, chariot was unable to move forward, Lord Vishnu took form as bull and dragged the chariot and became the bull flag on top of chariot.

After destroying three cities Lord Shiva started tandava nritya on debris, called as " Tripura Nasha Nartana"; the Devas understood: 1. Though the boon granted was "one-arrow-one-shot and cities should be destroyed", Shiva has the ultimate power to rule them over. Lord Shiva does not require a huge Chariot with Meru as Vishnu as arrow etc.. The "smile and burn" act of Shiva in Tamil is beautifully called as "punnagaithu purameritha peruman" Lord Shiva regretted his act, since he had forgotten to protect Maya, a great devotee of his.

Realising this, Nandi informed Maya of the impending doom. Maya fled Tripura, leaving behind the great city he had constructed, reduced to ashes, along with its inhabitants, the Asuras , by the great arrow of Shiva; this destruction of Tripura, led to the appellation Tripurantaka , for Shiva.

Matsya Purana Shiva Purana. He is the representation of Ganesha as the Supreme Being Paramatman and is the most important deity of the Ganesha-centric Ganapatya sect, he is one of the most popular of the thirty-two forms of Ganesha,worshipped as the ultimate truth Para brahman. Like all aspects of Ganesha, Mahaganapati has an elephant head. Sindoor , is used for his red colour, in depictions, his colour is a reference to the dawn. He is depicted with a third eye on his forehead, a crescent moon over his head, ten arms which hold.

An alternate depiction replaces the pomegranate with a mango and the gada with a shankha and elaborates that the jewelled pot contains amrita, yet another description suggests that the objects in his ten hands are gifts from other deities and symbolize his powers to perform the tasks of all deities and his supremacy over the pantheon. He sometimes holds a citron fruit with numerous seeds, a symbol of the power of creation and a representation the god Shiva. The sugarcane bow is associated with the god of love.

The chakra is a common weapon of Vishnu , while the gada represents Varaha ; the jewelled pot -- which may be depicted in his trunk -- denotes the god of wealth. It represents the fortune and blessings bestowed by Mahaganapati on his devotees. Rao classifies Mahaganapati as one of the five Shakti-Ganesha icons, where Ganesha is depicted with a shakti , that is, a female consort.

A white-complexioned shakti sits on his left lap, she hugs the god with her other hand. In the Dasboddhi Ganesha temple in Mathura , the shakti with Mahaganapati is identified as Mahalakshmi , the "great" Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and fortune. A text calls her Pushti ; the left hand of the god embraces the goddess. Various deities and demons surround the god.

Mahaganapati represents Ganesha as the Supreme Being and thus the most important deity of the Ganapatya sect, which accords the status of the Supreme God to Ganesha, he is a worshipped and depicted form of Ganesha. The icon symbolizes happiness and magnificence of Ganesha. Mahaganapati is the patron of the Maha-ganapatya sect, one of the six chief schools of the Ganapatyas.

They regard Mahaganapati as the great Creator. Mahaganapati is believed to have existed before the creation of the universe and will exist after its dissolution, he creates the god Brahma , who aids in creation of all other beings. One who meditates on this form of Ganesha is said to obtain Supreme Bliss. In a Tantric context, Mahaganapati is associated with six rituals of abhichara by which the adept can cause the target to suffer delusions, be overcome with irresistible attraction or envy, or to be enslaved, paralysed or killed.

Mahaganapati is enshrined in one of the eight Ashtavinayak temples. According to local legend, Mahaganapati had aided his father Shiva to fight the demon Tripurasura. Shiva had forgotten to pay his respects to Mahaganapati before starting the battle against the demon. An enraged Mahaganapati caused Shiva's chariot to fail. Shiva realized his mistake and paid his respects to his son and was successful in defeating the demon. Bhandarkar, Ramkrishna Gopal. Vaisnavism and Minor Religious Systems.

Asian Educational Services. ISBN Brown, Robert, ed.. Ganesh: Studies of an Asian God. State University of New York. Rao, T. Elements of Hindu iconography. Motilal Banarsidass Publisher. Grewal, Royina. Book of Ganesha. Penguin Books. Subramuniyaswami, Satguru Sivaya.

Loving Ganesha. Himalayan Academy Publications. She is the warrior goddess, whose mythology centres around combating evils and demonic forces that threaten peace and dharma of the good, she is the fierce form of the protective mother goddess, willing to unleash her anger against wrong, violence for liberation and destruction to empower creation. Durga is depicted in the Hindu pantheon as a Goddess riding a lion or tiger, with many arms each carrying a weapon defeating Mahishasura ; the three principle forms of Durga worshiped are Maha Durga and Aparajita.


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Of these, Chandika has two forms called Chandi , of the combined power and form of Saraswati and Parvati and of Chamunda , a form of Kali created by the goddess for killing demons Chanda and Munda. Maha Durga has three forms: Ugrachanda and Katyayani.

Bhadrakali Durga is worshiped in the form of her nine epithets called Navadurga , she is a central deity in Shaktism tradition of Hinduism , where she is equated with the concept of ultimate reality called Brahman. Estimated to have been composed between and CE, this text is considered by Shakta Hindus to be as important a scripture as the Bhagavad Gita , she has a significant following all over India and Nepal in its eastern states such as West Bengal , Jharkhand and Bihar. Durga is revered after autumn harvests, specially during the festival of Navratri ; the word Durga means "impassable", "invincible, unassailable".

It is related to the word Durg which means "fortress, something difficult to defeat or pass". According to Monier Monier-Williams , Durga is derived from the roots gam. A deity named Durgi appears in section While the Vedic literature uses the word Durga, the description therein lacks the legendary details about her, found in Hindu literature; the word is found in ancient post-Vedic Sanskrit texts such as in section 2. These usages are in different contexts. For example, Durg is the name of an Asura who had become invincible to gods, Durga is the goddess who intervenes and slays him.

Durga and its derivatives are found in sections 4. Durga as a demon-slaying goddess was well established by the time the classic Hindu text called Devi Mahatmya was composed, which scholars variously estimate to between and CE; the Devi Mahatmya and other mythologies describe the nature of demonic forces symbolised by Mahishasura as shape-shifting and adapting in nature and strategy to create difficulties and achieve their evil ends, while Durga calmly understands and counters the evil in order to achieve her solemn goals.

There are many epithets for Durga in Shaktism and her nine appellations are: Shailaputri , Chandraghanta , Skandamata , Kaalratri and Siddhidatri. A list of names of the goddess are recited in order to worship her and is popularly known as the "Ashtottarshat Namavali of Goddess Durga". One of the earliest evidence of reverence for Devi — the feminine nature of God, appears in chapter This single mention describes Kali as "terrible yet swift as thought" red and smoky colored manifestation of the divine with a fire-like flickering tongue, before the text begins presenting its thesis that one must seek self-knowledge and the knowledge of the eternal Brahman.

Durga, in her various forms, appears as an independent deity in the Epics period of ancient India, the centuries around the start of the common era. Both Yudhisthira and Arjuna characters of the Mahabharata invoke hymns to Durga. She appears in Harivamsa in the form of Vishnu's eulogy , in Pradyumna prayer. Various Puranas from the early to late 1st millennium CE dedicate chapters of inconsistent mythologies associated with Durga. Of these, the Markandeya Purana and the Devi-Bhagavata Purana are the most significant texts on Durga; the Devi Upanishad and other Shakta Upanishads dated to have been composed in or after the 9th century, present the philosophical and mystical speculations related to Durga as Devi and other epithets, identifying her to be the same as the Brahman and Atman.

The historian Ramaprasad Chanda stated in that Durga evolved over time in the Indian subcontinent. A primitive form of Durga, according to Chanda, was the result of " syncretism of a mountain-goddess worshiped by the dwellers of the Himalaya and the Vindhyas ", a deity of the Abhiras conceptualized as a war-goddess. Durga transformed into Kali as the personification of the all-destroying time, while aspects of her emerged as the primordial energy integrated into the samsara concept and this idea was built.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hindu goddess. For other uses, see Tripurasundari disambiguation. Lakshmi and Saraswati are fanning her. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message. State editor, West Bengal District Gazetteers. Human rights and indigenous peoples. APH Publishing. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. Rites and Rituals of Kashmiri Brahmins. Pentagon Press. The Myths and Gods of India. Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International.

Tools for Tantra. Simon and Schuster. Penguin Books India. The Spectrum: festschrift, essays in honor of Dr. Variant Communications. Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. Retrieved 29 May Sri Chakr 3rd ed. Dipti Publications. Understanding India: The Culture of India. Britannica Educational Publishing. Archived from the original on 28 July Retrieved 28 December CS1 maint: Archived copy as title link [ unreliable source? This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Hinduism Tantra. Hindu deities and texts. Asuras Rakshasas Yakshas Vahanas. Hinduism Hindu mythology. Related Images. YouTube Videos. Historic Sanskrit manuscripts: a religious text top , and a medical text. Rigveda padapatha manuscript in Devanagari , early 19th century.

Parvati with Shiva and sons Ganesha leftmost and Kartikeya rightmost. Parvati is depicted with green complexion, denoting dark complexion. Parvati being celebrated at Gauri Festival, Rajasthan. Durga, identified as Adi Parashakti, is a principal and popular form of Hindu Goddess. She is the warrior goddess, whose mythology centres around combating evils and demonic forces that threaten peace, prosperity and dharma of the good.

Durga as Mahishasura-Mardini, the slayer of the buffalo demon. Statue of Goddess Durga, Tamil Nadu. Durga festival images clockwise from top : Durga puja pandal in Kolkata , dancing on Vijayadashami, women smearing each other with color, and family get together for Dasain in Nepal.

Devi — the feminine form, and Deva — the masculine form, mean "heavenly, divine, anything of excellence", and are also gender specific terms for a deity in Hinduism. Ganesha is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon. Temple wall panel relief sculpture at the Hoysaleswara temple in Halebidu , representing the Trimurti : Brahma , Shiva and Vishnu. Brahma is a creator god in Hinduism. Brahma with his wife, Saraswati. The 10th century artwork from Bihar showing the trinity of Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma.

Vishnu is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being or absolute truth in its Vaishnavism tradition. Vishnu is the "preserver" in the Hindu triad that includes Brahma and Shiva. Made of Bronze, statue is from 11th century and currently on display at the National Museum of Cambodia. The Bhagavata Purana is centered around Krishna , a Vishnu avatar. He is the supreme being within Shaivism, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism.

Statue of Shiva in the lotus position at Murudeshwar. A sculpture of Shiva at the Elephanta Caves. Seal discovered during excavation of the Indus Valley archaeological site in the Indus Valley has drawn attention as a possible representation of a "yogi" or "proto-Shiva" figure. He is the son of Parvati and Shiva, brother of Ganesha, and a god whose life story has many versions in Hinduism. Sculpture of the god Skanda, from Kannauj , North India, circa 8th century. Kartikeya with a Kushan devotee, 2nd century CE.

Skanda Bodhisattva is the Dharma protector in Mahayana Buddhism. Above: Skanda's statue in Anhui province, China. Lakshmi or Laxmi, is the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity. She is the wife and shakti of Vishnu, one of the principal deities of Hinduism and the Supreme Being in the Vaishnavism Tradition. Raja Ravi Varma 's Gaja Lakshmi.

A painting of Lakshmi on the inner walls of the Tanjore Big temple. She is a part of the trinity of Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati. Saraswati idol carved of black stone from Chalukya dynasty 12 century CE. Idol on display in Prince of Wales Museum , Mumbai.