I did not like its long echoing corridors. Nevertheless I felt that here in this part of London I was more nearly in my Class'. This was twenty years later and I still could not get the smell of Glory out of my hair'. I feel the one thing that can make all things possible already exists, and that it is that between you and me there is already an enduring love that cannot be easily shaken even in this uncertain and painful world'.
Without it you cannot see your way, but it must not become a substitute for real life'. But the price you pay for trying to evade failure and depression is ten times worse. Before, after or during? It is a decision which is made by two people, both-oddly and painfully enough-in isolation. About Wilfred R. Bion Wilfred R Bion show more. Rating details. Book ratings by Goodreads. Goodreads is the world's largest site for readers with over 50 million reviews. We're featuring millions of their reader ratings on our book pages to help you find your new favourite book.
Close X. Learn about new offers and get more deals by joining our newsletter. Sign up now. For example, rather than trust texts on optics, he experimented by sticking a bodkin — a blunt needle — in his eye to see its effect. He laid the groundwork for his theories of calculus and laws of motion that would later make him famous. But, naturally secretive, he kept his ideas to himself. Watch this clip to find out how Newton's telescope works.
Newton continued to experiment in his laboratory. This mix of theory and practice led him to many different kinds of discoveries. His theory of optics made him reconsider the design of the telescope, which up until this point was a large, cumbersome instrument. By using mirrors instead of lenses, Newton was able to create a more powerful instrument, 10 times smaller than traditional telescopes.
The Royal Society met at Crane Court. It was a newly formed organisation for men of learning to discuss their ideas. They encouraged Newton to share his ideas. But Newton's theories about light did not go down well. Other members of the Royal Society could not reproduce his results — partly because Newton had described his experiment in an obscure manner.
Newton did not take the criticism well. Newton had an ugly temper and an unshakable conviction that he was right. With his pride dented, he began to withdraw from intellectual life. Smarting from criticism, Newton isolated himself from other natural philosophers and dedicated himself to radical religious and alchemical work. With his mother on her deathbed, he returned home to Woolsthorpe and embarked on a period of solitary study.
He became absorbed in alchemy, a secretive study of the nature of life and the medieval forerunner of chemistry. Some argue that these ideas, while not scientific in the sense that we understand them now, helped him think radical thoughts that shaped his most important work, including his theories of gravity. Gottfried Leibniz was one of the leading philosophers in Europe and quickly made an enemy in Newton.
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When German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz published an important mathematical paper, it was the beginning of a lifelong feud between the two men. Like Newton, he created a new theory of calculus. However, Newton claimed he'd done the same work 20 years before and that Leibniz had stolen his ideas. But the secretive Newton hadn't published his work and had to hastily return to his old notes so the world could see his workings.
In a young and suddenly fertile field like Mathematics Challenged by Robert Hooke to prove his theories about planetary orbits, Newton produced what is considered the foundation for physics as we know it. It was the culmination of more than 20 years of thinking.
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It outlined his own theory of calculus, the three laws of motion and the first rigorous account of his theory of universal gravitation. Together, this provided a revolutionary new mathematical description of the Universe. The work cemented his reputation and contains much of what he is remembered for today. Having made his name as a natural philosopher, Newton was attracted to a new life as a politician and public figure.
Profoundly religious, Newton could not sit by while James II attempted to re-Catholicise Cambridge University — even if it meant nailing his own religious colours to the mast. He successfully fought James's reforms and got himself elected as a Member of Parliament. However, he made little impact in the Commons and appears on record only to ask for a window to be closed.
Somewhere around his 50th birthday, Newton suffered what we would now term a severe nervous breakdown. In mid, Newton suffered a mental collapse when he suspected that his friends were conspiring against him. After working five nights in a row, Newton suffered what we might describe as a nervous breakdown. He later apologised to the philosopher John Locke and to the MP Samuel Pepys for having wished them dead, though whether he actually wished this is unclear.
Yet Newton's fragile mental health did not dent his public reputation. He was soon offered an important new post. Newton was master for nearly 30 years. As warden of the Royal Mint, Newton found a new calling. He attempted to make Britain's currency the most stable in the world. In the 17th Century, Britain's finances were in crisis.
One in every 10 coins was forged, and often the metal in a coin was worth more than the face value of the coin itself. Newton oversaw a huge project to recall the old currency, and issue a more reliable one. Always methodical, Newton kept a database of counterfeiters, and prosecuted them with a puritanical fury. He was appointed Master of the Mint in and held the post for the rest of his life.
All My Sins Remembered : Wilfred R. Bion :
How did Newton use his power to cement his reputation? As the leading figure in British natural philosophy, Newton had completed his most important work. Now he set about securing his reputation. Newton was an imposing leader, obsessed by power and reputation. Though he continued to publish his own work, he also worked to make and break the reputations of other men.
He tried to write Hooke out of history and began another bitter dispute with astronomer John Flamsteed by publishing Flamsteed's catalogue of stars without his consent. Newton remained an influential figure, surrounded by a new generation of students brought up on his ideas. Newton and Leibniz had quarrelled over who invented calculus.