The other major challenge was land acquisition. Serious concerns were also raised about the environmental and economic impact of the line, especially on Goa. However, amid all the controversies and problems, work continued to progress. Nine hydraulic tunnelling machines were imported from Sweden to bore through the hard rock of the Sahayadris.
The biggest challenge, however, came from the nine tunnels that had to be bored through soft soil, a painstakingly slow. Several times tunnels collapsed immediately after they had been dug and work had to be redone The first passenger train on the Konkan Railway route was run between Mangalore and Udupi on 20 March The service was extended by 51 kilometres from Veer to Khed in March and by a further kilometres to Sawantwadi in December Services on the southern end were extended by 32 kilometres from Udupi to Kundapura in January ,.
However, services between Mumbai and Mangalore remained on hold due to the problematic Pernem tunnel, which faced repeated cave-ins and flooding. The tunnel was finally completed in January Trains carrying passengers started running along the full route between Mumbai and Mangalore from May The route is a single-line, non-electrified track. The fastest train on the route is the Trivandrum Rajdhani Express. However, in the last few years, mining in Goa, shot into the limelight, mostly for all the wrong reasons.
Trouble began when, due to its high profitability, low grade ore became a goldmine. While most players in the sector were having a dream run, those affected slowly began raising their voices. While some protested the rampant pollution caused due to incessant mining and ore dust flying off the trucks, some protested the rash and negligent truck drivers who would speed on the narrow village roads thus endangering lives.
Then in September , the 36 Business Goa.
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Supreme Court of India made a monumental decision imposing a blanket ban on all mining activities in the State after an official inquiry alleged that many were illegal and lacked environmental permissions to operate. The judicial commission, headed by Justice MB Shah alleged a Rs 35, crore mining scam involving top mining companies, politicians and bureaucrats.
Thousands of stakeholders had invested heavily into the business. Some in form on infrastructure; others in logistics. Local banks looked at a huge list of NPAs, while the stakeholders threw their hands up in despair. The ban had an adverse impact on almost the entire economy of the State. It was only on April 21 The State Government is currently working on a comprehensive mining policy that hopes to plug all loopholes that got the business attention, albeit for reasons that Goa would want to forget. The story: The sudden boom in tourism in the 90s might have been hugely beneficial to the economy of the State, but the flipside was the indiscriminate development, especially on the coastline.
From shacks to guesthouses to hotels, the coastline was a goldmine. In fact, the closer one could get to the sea, the more profitable the venture would be. The repercussions of this soon began to be seen. Construction on the coastline was not a problem restricted exclusively to Goa, but rampant in most Indian states along the coastline. Thus, in February , the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
MoEF , as per the Environment Protection Act, issued a notification regulating activities in the coastal area.
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Coastal land up to m from the High Tide Line HTL and a stretch of m along banks of creeks, estuaries, backwater and rivers, subject to tidal fluctuations, was declared as the Coastal Regulation Zone. In , the Central Government constituted an authority called the Goa State Coastal Zone Management Authority to protect and improve the quality of the coastal environment and prevent, abate and control environmental pollution in the coastal areas. But they give local coastal communities a say in how development should take place.
Best known for: Ensuring that fish is allowed to breed, thus ensuring that this all important meal element does not vanish off Goan food plates. Overfishing became a visible issue and one that needed to be tackled both, deftly and urgently. In , a momentous decision taken by the Goa government when, executing a recommendation of the Goa, Daman and Diu Marine Regulation Act of , they implemented an interim monsoon fishing ban from June 1 to August 31, a period of 90 days. This move, however, was met with stiff resistance from the fishing lobby, and has undergone numerous variations in duration over the years.
However, it was found that trawler owners from other States would fish in Goan waters thus. On the other hand, Goan fishermen were being denied of lucrative catch of fish such as the solar prawns. The Supreme Court directive implanting a blanket monsoon fishing ban solved this problem. Another bone of contention was that while the ban was applicable to mechanized fishing boats and trawlers, canoe operators continued their fishing operations.
Currently, mechanized fishing is banned from June 1 to July Buoyed by the increase in catch this year as a direct result of the strict implementation of this ban last year, the government is now mulling its extension by a further 10 days. Boat owners, however, are sceptical and insist that there ought to be a uniform ban on fishing across the Western coast as any attempt to extend the ban only in Goa would only encourage fishing vessels from other States to venture into Goan territorial waters for fishing, thus causing them great losses.
Goa Regional Plan Landlocked Best known for: The controversy about development versus greed that erupted when the RP was put up for public scrutiny. The story: It was a plan touted to put Goa firmly on the road to development. However, when the draft of the proposed Goa Regional Plan was put up for public scrutiny and deliberation at panchayat levels, a massive hue. In a number of cases, settlement zones had been demarcated in low-lying paddy fields, or water bodies shown as settlement area. Among the most vocal opposition was how the architects had worked to protect the interests of the builders, a claim that they flatly refuted.
The members of the SLC elaborated on how they had drawn up an inclusive blueprint which put the focus on the hinterland aiming to develop it and thus, create a variety of job opportunities to stem both, intra state migration rates as well the rising rate of young professionals heading out of Goa for employment.
A rail route, a NH4 by pass, growth hubs, hinterland tourism and entertainment avenues including theme parks, water parks and a golf course,. While the SLC spoke about their plans to boost economic activity by. That apart, the haphazard manner and the absolute hurry in which the plan was notified to the public further aggravated the already delicate situation. On the work front, he has over 20 years of experience in the information technology industry in both, operational and advisory roles. Having joined Cognizant at just its nascent stages, his most notable achievement is his quick.
He had a brief working stint with Virgin Atlantic as an auditor. Subsequently, he became the financial controller for Virgin. Records in London. When Time Warner Inc announced its merger with America Online Inc, Tony quit to pursue his dream of starting a budget, no-frills airline. His first application for a license was rejected by the Malaysian government. Not one to give up so easily, Tony. Mahathir advised Tony to buy an existing airline. He went on to transform it into an industry player and a year after his takeover, AirAsia broke even clearing all debts.
Its initial public offering in November was oversubscribed by per cent. Tony was also instrumental. As a result, these nations have granted landing rights to AirAsia and other discount carriers. Apart from the airline, Tony has diversified into hospitality, F1 racing, football and is also involved in the reality TV series, The Apprentice Asia. The prolific and award winning journalist has carved a niche for himself in the world of Indian journalism, especially electronic journalism, with his fearless style of reportage.
In he took the leap from print to electronic media when he joined NDTV as political editor. His show, The Big Fight was one of the top rated news debates. Sardessai has to his credit, a host awards for journalistic excellence including the prestigious Padma Shri for journalism in The story: When it comes to the history of advertising in India, few brand icons have withstood the test of time.
One among this illustrious list is the affable Amul Girl, a handdrawn cartoon of a young Indian girl, dressed in a polka dotted frock with blue hair and a half pony tied up, who made her debut appearance on billboards in and has continued to rule both, the billboards and hearts of Indians ever since. Along with the Amul girl, her creator Sylvester da Cunha and illustrator Eustace Fernandes, both sons of the Goan soil, have also gone. GCMMF suggested a mischievous little girl as a mascot. There were two simple requirements — she had to be easy to draw and memorable as most of the advertising would be outdoor media which required hand painting in those days and the hoardings had to be changed frequently.
Sylvester da Cunha, then the Managing Director of the agency and Eustace Fernandez, Art Director executed the brief to perfection, deciding to create something that would grab the attention of every housewife in the country. And when she finally hit the billboards, the Amul girl, with her pun induced simple yet witty, catchy and memorable lines became an instant hit. Remarkably, over the years, the. Kare has a technical background and is recognized for his leadership and vision.
He is a multi-faceted personality whose love for arts, sports and social service complements his strong business acumen. Under his stewardship, Indoco has achieved innumerable milestones. Indoco has a strong international presence in the Regulated and Emerging markets. A number of its products have emerged as brand leaders. As of today, the company operates in over 35 countries globally for formulations and APIs.
The story: A spark that was ignited when friends, Francisco Anil Counto. Martins and Anil Counto were on a holiday in Portugal, has today become a flame for creating a niche for souvenirs in Goa. Four years ago, during their trip to Portugal, Anil and Francisco got a chance to visit numerous ceramic factories and workshops that were engrossed in the manufacturing of local centric curious including decor items, magnets, etc. This was the trip that inspired the duo to plan and begin working towards the setting up of a similar unique venture in Goa.
Despite the few difficulties that they encountered in the beginning, such was their determination and persistence that they the duo were soon able to get the ball rolling and inaugurated their first Marcou Artifacts the name being a combination of both their surnames store, located in the quiet by-lanes of Fontainhas, Panjim, amid much fanfare on April 24, Being long time friends and having a common desire has.
Today, it is Aakash, Gaurav, Ernleigh and Jurgen, the gen next of the Counto and the Martins families who are also actively involved in this venture as a part of the core team and also deal with various aspects of the functioning of the store and factory. The common idea that Francisco and Anil share is that Marcou Artifacts is only going to grow bigger with each year. There are also plans to have a big village concept where everything, right from designing to selling the final product will take place.
Their current production facility is located in Corlim, where all the products, home decor items, magnets, lifestyle items, mugs, plates, etc are designed, crafted and manufactured. They also. Currently Marcou Artifacts has two stores in Panjim and one in Margao. However, an insatiable thirst to do something more was always the forte of elder brothers Joe, Prakash and Vincent and thus was conceptualized the idea of starting a sports shop for which the initial investment was provided by their uncle Gerson Gomes.
This is how the famous Champs came into being. From thereon, there was no looking back for the brothers who, through sheer hardwork and business acumen, have grown their business empire. Though independent views and ideas and differences of opinion on business decisions exist, it is this very difference, the brothers opine, that culminates.
Today, the Armacar group is behind a range of highly successful business ventures. Partnership Astra Metal Resolve of steel Best known for: Staying true to their core strength of sheet metal and exploring each and every vertical within the space. An ISO certified company it is made up of a group of companies primarily into precision sheet metal component manufacturing and assembly.
Rututek Enterprises looks into precision sheet metal components and assemblies, Protek Enterprises also takes care of precision sheet metal components and assemblies, Unitek is a fabrication and conventional sheet metal processing unit while Gelo Cool Pvt Ltd is the ice cream storage unit manufacturing plant. Aerocoach Automotive focuses on automobile body building and the Djasaka Tools outfit specializes in machine shop and tool rooms. Driven by values like integrity,. Their wide range of products include a variety of precisely cut metal parts manufactured for different purposes as well as finished products like ATM machines, storage units etc.
The company has acquired reputation for its first class finish as well as durability. Besides the Verna factory, they also have two other manufacturing facilities, one at the Bethora Industrial Estate and the other, at Sancoale Industrial Estate. Tulip Group Diagnosing success Best known for: Creating better testing systems for better diagnostics and continuously innovating and setting trends invitro diagnostic reagents and kits Deepak Tripathi. The story: The Tulip Group of companies is a leading Indian group of diagnostic companies, involved in the manufacture and marketing of in-vitro diagnostic reagents and kits, nationally and internationally.
Currently, the diagnostic segments that are covered are Immunohaematology, Immunology Fertility, Rheumatology, Infectious Diseases , Immunoturbidimetry,. The vision of the group is to provide better testing systems and products for better diagnostics and preventive health. They also ensure that all their products are of the highest quality with numerous value additions.
The group employs the cream of the industry and have over the years, put in place the most effective and efficient sales and operating systems. Among their core values, the group strongly believes in customer focus, discipline, involvement, knowledge, initiative, respect, care and accountability. Best known for: Together building a brand which has gained the reputation of being one of the most trusted names in the real estate business.
The story: It was in when two young engineers with an entrepreneurial streak, Edwin Menezes and Cedric Vaz decided to team up in business and went on to start a partnership firm Edcon Real Estate Developers. The firm started doing business mainly by taking up contract works of construction of buildings. They successfully completed a factory project for Himform in Kundaim Industrial Estate in the In they constructed the entire higher secondary wing of Don Bosco High School in Panjim within a record period of time. Besides these projects, they successfully completed several projects in Candolim, Calangute, Bambolim, Porvorim and Altinho-Panjim.
From then on, Edcon Real Estate Developers has witnessed unprecedented growth and success in the various ventures that they have undertaken. With an impeccable track record and a list of premium. The firm has consolidated on their culture which is to stand out for quality, aesthetically designed projects and timely completion. Retail Magsons The superstore Best known for: Pioneering the supermarket revolution in Goa and enhancing the grocery shopping experience. The story: The brainchild of Kirit and Andrea Maganlal, Magsons pioneered the supermarkets trend in Goa in with its first store at Miramar.
The effective store area was sq ft and the project housed, apart from the supermarket, a hotel, restaurant and bar, bank ATM, pizzeria, icecream parlour and a florist. In , this retail Group diversified into property management running a convenience store within a. In , Magsons undertook their most ambitious project, of setting up a speciality store at the Caculo Mall. More recently they launched their 10th store in Porvorim and will soon see further additions in Zuarinagar and Margao. Magsons will also introduce a B2B model for the trading community in food and related goods with the introduction of their e-tailing e-commerce retailing vertical.
By , Magsons plans to introduce four new stores spanning not less than sq ft and catering to speciality food — raw, cooked and packaged. Best known for: Introducing the mall culture in Goa along with a superlative shopping arena. The story: In , when it was announced that Goa was going to have its first mall, this news was received with much enthusiasm. This very enthusiasm has ensured that Caculo Mall is today, the hub of shopping and leisure in North Goa. Located in the capital city 48 Business Goa. The man behind the entire masterpiece, Manoj Caculo of the Caculo Group, took the initiative as a risk and with the aim of giving Goa a real international shopping and enjoyment experience.
Since its inceptions, the Mall has also hosted a variety. The Caculo Group, established in , were the pioneers of infrastructure development with the construction of jetties, roads, bridges and major government buildings. The company also has interest in automobile retail. Best known for: Being a market leader in the fashion and lifestyle segment and constantly striving to keep Goans fashion forward. In fact, their century old store, which started off in selling fabrics, located in the heart of Panjim city, is a landmark.
And with the new generation getting into the business, it was only a matter of time before Bharne headed down. With their wide range of offerings including in-house, high-street and branded clothing and accessories, Bharne Fashion and Lifestyle stores promise something for every fashion shopper who walks through their doors. Bharne Fashion and Lifestyle also has their own inhouse brand offering fashion wear of unparalleled quality, affordable pricing and in-vogue styles.
Their prices start at just Rs for a t-shirt and go up to Rs for a suit. Since its inception, the brand has strived to provide high quality products coupled with the latest fashionable trends in eye-wear. Over the past years, the company has developed a stellar reputation for relentless service.
Initiated back to with the inauguration of its first showroom in Calcutta Kolkata ,. In , they introduced contact lenses and even setup wholly-owned manufacturing units in the major metropolitan cities to ensure steady and regular supply of contact lenses for customers. Computer eye-testing, too, was first brought to India and effectively implemented by them. The story: In the late s, when shopping, especially in the villages was restricted to the local bazaar, Newton Azavedo had a dream, to give the village of Candolim, modern shopping options which would also largely cater to the growing number of foreign tourists.
From daily groceries to a range of imported and local cheese, wines and liquor, health and organic food products, 50 Business Goa. Best known for: Introducing the much visited coastal belt of Candolim-Calangute to the supermarket trend and modernizing the shopping experience.
Looking back at how his dream turned into a reality, Newton states that one of the biggest challenges that he faced. Fun colours, trendy designs, easy silhouettes, all made in fabrics like cotton and silk as well as a wide range of resort wear, is what this store is best known for. Always eager to encourage fresh design talent, owner Myra Silveira makes sure that the store offers patrons an endless choice of value-for-money and highly stylized garments to choose from, from the growing number of upcoming designers, too.
Best known for: Conceptualising a lifestyle store dedicated to crafted handmade limited edition products. The story: Set in a beautiful old style Portuguese house in Sangolda, Paper Boat Collective is a concept lifestyle shop. Eclectic, delectable, small-scale with a stylish range of products designed and crafted by lesserknown talented designers would best describe Paper Boat Collective.
The store was set up with a simple philosophy, to showcase things that the owners like, are proud of and make them happy. In fact, the innovative brand name, too, is a nostalgic take of a simple and clean childhood activity, that of making paperboats. Most of the brand names that they stock are from design backgrounds versus the mainstream fashion or lifestyle segment.
The collection is contemporary, detailed and of a high quality. Apart from the concept items that they stock, the store is also a hub of activity where various. Best known for: Showcasing the splendour of Goa through their wide range of antique and contemporary Goan furniture and designer houseware. Among those who have shopped here are Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt, as well as the numerous Bollywood stars with holiday homes in Goa.
The store, located. Casa Goa is a one-stopshop for antique furniture and contemporary home furnishings. Here, you will find a range of unique pieces; from restored original wood wardrobes to an array of beautifully crafted chairs and a collection of inventive and contemporary designer housewares.
Interestingly, each room in the house has a different theme. The concept behind the collection at Casa Goa is that each piece has been made in Goa or India by local designers or carpenters. Each item is an original and one of a kind. You can take your pick from silver cutlery and doilies to brass cutout design bookends, stamped and vein square bowl, napkin holders, hammered metal candle.
Casa Goa specializes in IndoPortuguese antique furniture in rosewood and teak wood, which have been restored by Goan carpenters at the private workshop. There is a variety of coffee tables, trunks, crockery cabinets, upholstered and wood sofas, wicker garden chairs, carved frame large mirrors, a dining room table, a large wooden bench and many other unique and restored furniture. The shop also stocks a pretty selection of clay milk jugs and chai mugs.
On the walls one will find art from local artists displayed. In fact, twice or thrice a year, Casa Goa showcases the talent of local Goan artists. Interestingly, the items stocked in this quaint store, spread over two floors, are sourced from different parts of the country and sold here at a very reasonable price, thus making it a hot favourite, especially among tourists looking out for those unique souvenirs and take aways from their holiday.
A fascinating display window and an intricately moulded sign board are just a precursor that will tempt you to. As you walk in, the first thing that you will notice is the tastefully done up interiors. They have created stuff with drivers who turn embroiderers, salesmen who turn furniture designers and photographers, economics graduates turned natural dyers, artisans who have become millionaires, artists turned workers and runaway street children who have gone on. Best known for: A space that celebrates collective creativity and an idea that believes that everyone has that spark to colour life and world in their own strokes.
The story: It was an idea that took shape when they first begun putting art on T-shirts. What can be more informal than a casual T? What has more mystery and hype than art? From this concept, started the process of making a movement out of informal creativity. They only believe in fellow travellers.
A Delhi-based design studio-cum-store which started in , People Tree is committed to the promotion of hand skills, self-expression and quality workmanship. It combines a sense of social purpose and 54 Business Goa. It is a place where art and ideas collide and merge, creating an exciting fusion of modern and traditional ideas and skills from all over the Indian subcontinent. The store is a caravan of disparate individuals, who are from the field of activism, music, art, design, writing, photography, craftsmanship and entrepreneurship.
Located in the quite locales of Assagao, the People Tree is passionate about communicating, with humour, fun and intensity. They have never believed in the separation of the aesthetic, function, soul and fun. People Tree has been an ongoing party for most people involved in it. People Tree is a tree where.
Ltd and Hello Publications Pvt. Hello Information delivers services in the areas of call centers and BPOs for various corporates, Government institutions and telecom majors. The Hello Group is headed by a young and able team of top management, comprising of top notch management professionals and competency heads who have grown with the company over its 15 years history. Bruno Gomindes. The story: Sensing the need for a one-stop travel service provider, in , Bruno Gomindes decided to do something to plug this vital gap.
And thus, in , was born Travco Holidays, a complete solutions provider for travellers and their requirements. Located in the heart of Margao, Travco Holidays brought much needed relief to the people of Margao and surrounding areas. One of their major service areas is outbound holidays to almost any part of the world. Ticketing services, too, have contributed to their fame as they are IATA International Air Travel Association agents and can issue tickets for any airlines across the world.
They also offer foreign exchange services and are a. Reserve Bank of India licensee. Besides, they also assist in passport work for both, Indian and Portuguese passports. Travco Holidays has always believed in providing professional and world class services to customers and to live upto these standards, they started the Travco Academy in , to address the shortage of trained professionals. Since its start, Travco Academy has been producing students that are both, IATA qualified and well versed with the norms and regulations of the travel and tourism industry.
Travco Academy is the only IATA recognized training institute in Goa with almost half the staff at the Goa International Airport being students that have been trained there. Best known for: Being a powerhouse of integrated business ventures with a reputation for professional service and timely delivery. The story: Vinsan World, the brainchild of entrepreneur Sanjay Shetye, embarked on its journey way back in the 90s. In its 20 plus years of existence, the brand has evolved into a powerhouse in the creative brand solutions space with a range of integrated services including advertising, event management, brand strategy, public relations, digital marketing, media buying, film production, travel and sponsorship marketing and have created a formidable reputation for themselves.
The story: The year was Goa was already on the world tourism map. The tourism industry was booming and as a result, tourism related services, like hotels, travel agencies, event management companies, etc, too, were multiplying. As they say, cometh the hour, cometh the man. This was what inspired him to conceptualise and form. When Roy ventured to set up Ecoclean, the concept of professional housekeeping services was new.
There were no guidebooks or precedents. At the most, you will find a book about housekeeping, but Ecoclean goes way beyond mere housekeeping. They also remained his sole client for four entire years providing Roy with a perfect training ground. Then, in he decided that the company needed to expand. Best known for: Being one of the top rated and highly in demand home grown event management companies that holds its own in the cut-throat world of event mangement The story: Goa has always been a popular destination, as much for holidaying as for 58 Business Goa.
Recognising the upward trend in the event industry, Parvez Shaikh, along with Suresh Babu, Marwyn Sanches, Kevin Gomes and Sumit Bhobe came together in to start an event management company that would provide turnkey services. Funky Heads started operations from a small office in St Inez but has magnanimously grown, not only in terms of its clients, but also in scales of operations.
It now has its very own production house to boast of and a sales team and design. Their work portfolio includes corporate events like conferences, trade shows, promotions as well as theme parties and weddings. They also boast of being the sole retainer for all MTV, Channel V and Star Network shows and even ventured into being a manpower agency for many Bollywood and Hollywood productions.
Funky Heads has grown in leaps and bounds with each event they have handled and is today among the biggest names in the event industry in India. CD Countryside, Fatorda. Email: kdnaik cdhomes. Managers Ranju Alex Be my Guest Best known for: Her attention to detail and knack of making critical judgments which have led to a refreshing transformation in the services and facilities at the Goa Marriott Resort and Spa. The story: Ranju Alex, General Manager of the Goa Marriott Resort and Spa, is most notably the first lady to lead the team in the year long tenure of the property.
In almost all areas of the hotel, be it the products, people or processes, the drastic transformation in tangible scores of relevant parameters has managed to make the property a shining star for all that the Marriott brand embodies. Ranju brings with her close to two decades of experience in hotel management and operations. She leads by example, by personally interacting with guests in a warm, hospitable and affectionate manner.
Ranju has admitted that despite her outstanding qualifications and training, this approach and conduct is something that truly comes from her heart. She attributes a large part of this to being a woman, and strongly. Aloo Gomes Pereira Travel bug Best known for: His liberal style of management which has ensured his long stint and success story in his line of business. The story: Aloo Gomes Pereira began his career back in working in sales and marketing for various hotel brands. It was his expertise in marketing that spurred him to move back to Goa less than a decade later and in he started a TCI branch in Goa.
Since then, he has been working as COO, mentor and guide to his team. As a company,. Trail Blazers India provides services to charter flights in any part of India as well as tours. Working in the hospitality industry requires team efforts and as COO, Aloo prefers to take a liberal stand with his team. His unique style of management allows his team the freedom to express themselves and moreover, add their own creative and personal touches to their job profiles.
As a manager, Aloo believes in putting his entire trust in his team and allows them to work as liberal professionals. Despite his success as a manager, Aloo admits that there have been times when he has fallen, but that has not stopped him from getting back up, even more determined. Ask him the secret to his success story and Aloo shrugs nonchalantly attributing it to two values he holds dear, honesty and diligence.
According to him, when one works honestly and diligently, there is no force in the world that can put the person down or be a hurdle on their path to success. She is passionately involved with WEConnect International, forum which has been formed for the upliftment of women entrepreneurs. A wholehearted advocate and supporter of this organization, which seeks to promote and expand the scope of women at the fore of commerce and industry today, she regularly attends the monthly calls and contributes her views and opinions on the women workforce scenario today, as well as feedback and suggestions on ways to lead and organize the development potential of this sector.
Nitin Kunkolienkar Mr. That apart, he also serves as. He has the pride of being the youngest and longest serving President of any Chamber of Commerce in the country. Kunkolienkar was the founder President of the Verna Industries Association from to and from to , he served as Director of the Goa Industrial Development. He is aslo member of the advisory board of the Institute of Management Training and Research and the Institute of Shipbuilding Techonology. Kunkolienker has various accolades to his credit including the National Business Leadership award by Economic Growth Society of India in Best known for: Steering Titan TimeProducts Limited at Verna into a world-class manufacturing unit for electronics assembly The story: Satish Murthy has been successfully steering Titan TimeProducts Limited TTPL into the next phase of growth, witnessed through worldclass capability building, and organizational development.
He has been actively pursuing de-risking strategies for the company through developing businesses beyond its regular product range of electronic assemblies for watches. Satish and his well-knit team work relentlessly towards creating a world-class manufacturing infrastructure for electronics assembly at TTPL. Their efforts over the last five years have helped the company to acquire contracts in three different verticals — automotive. Satish recalls a highly enriching experience when his team successfully challenged the international award for lean manufacturing TPM during The recent OHSAS accreditation of the company signifies the continuously evolving approaches in terms of health and safety of employees at work.
On the academic front. He also boasts of an MBA in operations management. Then based in Delhi, she worked in various capacities before she was deputed to handle the Goa region in March Here she is responsible for all revenue generation primarily in the form of advertising space sales, activations events, exhibitions, festivals, conferences client specific events and smart sell to all publications in the BCCL bouquet and across media vehicles — primarily print, but radio, TV and online sales are also under her radar at The Times Group.
In Goa, she heads a team of 15 people that includes sales, billing and recovery, scheduling, administration, human resources and art and edit. She has been instrumental in launching various new products in the region including sleek newspaper, fragrant newspaper, bilingual supplement, Times Property, Times Classified Next, Times Wellness, etc.
She has also introduced various lifestyle events in the region under the banner of Times of India. Apart from handling the finance and budget of the division, she also handled other aspects of the campaign including volunteers, logistics, corporate partners, evaluating and steering the project, establishing standard operating procedures, developing and implementing strategy and building a team, including hiring and training.
It aims to preserve the artistic and legacies of Goa, to encourage, sponsor and promote innovative work in the visual arts, to serve as a bridge between the Goan art community and the national and international art communities and, most importantly, to provide resource support to art students and others interested in art. Sunaparanta is conveniently located in the picturesque Altinho hills of Panjim where residents and visitors to Goa can benefit from a year-long schedule of arts activities and exhibitions.
The centre houses several exhibition galleries, a large multifunctional space for workshops. An art resource library is being set up for art students. Sunaparanta intends to continue to be a strong advocate for the arts in Goa.
It will provide working and exhibition space, assistance with exchange and grant funding initiatives, infrastructural and creative support for special co-operative projects and networking with state, national. Seamlessly managing their operations in mining, hospitality and other partnerships, the Group has successfully built a brand famed as much for their varied business interests as they are for giving back to society via their CSR initiative. In fact, giving back, especially to the community around them, is a philosophy that the Group 64 Business Goa. The Group has also undertaken various measures for the beautification of the city of Vasco, construction of Shree Mahalsa Narayani Devalaya Mandir in Verna as well as offered financial assistance to the Goa Institute of Management.
They are also generous donors and benefactors of institutions including churches, schools, temples, old age homes and clubs. Besides providing employment to the villagers, they have also donated several water tanks, developed infrastructure, provided buses etc. The Group also gives sponsorships to worthy students every year and also provide medical services and assistance during village zatras. They have also undertaken de-silting of fields and providing compensation to farmers who are unable to plough their fields. The Group also provides computer and gym instructors for the upliftment and betterment of the villagers as well as construction of community halls and stages for social gatherings.
The CSR arm of the Group regularly conducts free eye camps and distributes eye glasses. The Group even provides medicines to various needy villagers. BeyondBusiness Best known for: Championing a host of causes ranging from academic to socio-cultural initiatives. The story: Coming from an affluent business family, philanthropy is a habit that was passed down to Damodar Narcinva Naik, popularly known as Mohandas Naik by his father, the late Narcinva Damodar Naik.
Consequently, the eminent industrialist and liberal philanthropist is a champion of several causes who prefers to maintain a low profile about his prolific work. From destitute women to rehabilitation of slum children to instituting education scholarships for deserving candidates and assistance schemes for the weaker and needy sections of society, are just some of the long. He is associated with the causes of destitute women and children who are through Matruchhaya at Ponda.
A patron of academics, he has also instituted numerous educational. Naik has also been associated. On the spiritual front, he is the Founder Chairman of the Margao Centre of the Chinmaya Mission, where ancient epics and scriptures are narrated to the common man. He was the Vice President of the Shree Partagali Mutt Committtee and chairman of its construction committee when they undertook the renovation and expansion of the Mutt headquarters at Partagali. His love for practical and traditional architecture is reflected in the fine blend of Chalukyan and Goan styles incorporated in the Mutt edifice by noted architect Sarto Almeida.
Best known for: Encouraging the passion for football among youngsters and even setting up his own team which has won numerous laurels. Records when he became the youngest owner of a professional Indian football club at the age of In , the Club built a clubhouse, fitted with changing rooms, canteen, medical room, coaches room and conference facilities at the training ground. In future, their goal is to continue to reach out to their local loyal supporters by differentiating the club from their competitors through various innovation and best practice, while at the same time introducing strategies to connect with the numerous Goans spread across the world.
Peter Vaz is busy straddling his businesses in the real estate and hospitality sector, but is happy living his passion, on field, every day. The story: It is a known fact that. However, entrepreneurship is a risky proposition, especially for those lacking the adequate mentoring and financial backing. The idea behind the Trust is to synergize the efforts of all stakeholders including industry associations, education institutions, financial and training institutions and others by filling in the gaps wherever necessary.
Best of all, doing this will not just provide immense entrepreneurial satisfaction but also create wealth for the nation as well as for the individual. With enough and more scope for niche players in every field or segment, GEMS Goa believes that the only hurdle that stands between capable youth of the present generation and entrepreneurship is the opening up of mindsets and the right guidance provided by seasoned and helpful entrepreneurs who have themselves seen it and done it.
RealEstate Risara Properties Adding style to buildings Best known for: Being one of the fastest growing young real estate companies with a proven track record for top-class quality The story: Since its inception, Risara Properties, previously known as the Prudential Group, has always aimed at providing quality and affordable housing projects to their customers.
It is this very attitude that has earned them great success and made them one of the fastest growing real estate brands in Goa. Led by the young and dynamic Gaurang Suctancar, Risara Properties is a product differentiator in the market having introduced a host of amenities and features in their projects, including access control technology, biometric entries,. Though the Group largely revolves around implementing cutting edge modern practices, it remains engraved with the rich cultural heritage of the State. It also aims at providing a complete and holistic living environment.
Designed heeding both, aesthetics and convenience, Risara projects offer the best returns on investment. Looking ahead, Risara Properties is already building plans in continuing to serve and deliver value to customers. Among their awaited projects is Risara Luxuria in Taleigao November Best known for: Consistently delivering timely, high quality and value for money projects with the aim of building homes, not just houses. Their list of completed projects is a rather extensive one, which includes duplex.
Apart from all this, some of the main reasons why one should consider investing in a Milroc project are simply because of their stability, choice of project location, commitment for customer satisfaction, high sensitivity to land and infrastructure, over 20 years of experience, name recognition, clean and marketable property titles, high standards of quality and design and most importantly it is value for money. Investing in Milroc guarantees a lifetime of comfort, happiness and security. The story: Devadas Y Naik started off his real estate business with buying a piece of land and then selling it off for seven-anda-half times its original cost, just 18 months later.
In , he took up his first project consisting of apartments. The two pillars represented Devadas and his wife Shaila, co-directors in the business. A major player in the realty space for last 23 years, Highland Constructions Pvt. Their customer orientation was rewarded when. The Group also has to its credit Highland Resorts which, with its The story: Akar Realty is one of the leading real estate developers in Goa, now spreading to Mumbai and other parts of Western India.
Formerly known as Akar Creations, it was established in as the real estate arm of the Borkar Group, a diversified business conglomerate that has been occupying a place of pride in the Goan economy since Over the last 32 years, they have consistently been transforming the skyline of Goa, with landmark residential and commercial projects in prime locations.
A qualified civil engineer with a year-strong field exposure in mainstream construction, his potential to complete projects efficiently, in. Akar Realty has developed 29 major projects in Goa, with around satisfied customers, and many more projects are on the drawing board. In Mumbai, they launched their first project Akar Pinnacle with great success.
This is one company to look out for in the upcoming future with its strong fundamentals of business and people centric values that are an integral part of their legacy. Best known for: High quality constructions with a healthy dose of modernity and exclusivity. The story: Based at Vasco da 70 Business Goa. The company has been in the real estate field.
Unlike other real estate companies, their objective is not be developers of huge volume, but rather, create value and focus on quality. Clients credit them with introducing a higher level of quality construction and lifestyles into Vasco city through their projects.
In this pursuit of quality, they engage locally and nationally reputed architects whose vast experience translates into acclaimed projects. Another salient commitment of Anand Bose is that they engage separate landscape architects to ensure that all their projects are lush and verdant, giving you a calm and peaceful environment. As a result of their focus on quality and fewer projects, there is a greater demand for a home in their projects which in turn leads to a better appreciation and resale value.
No project is too big or small for them, which. To put it simply, Anand Bose Constructions can be summed up in three words quality, modernity and exclusivity. Prime among their ongoing projects is Aqua Bay.
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Featuring modern and stylish sq. Aqua Bay has everything that you would ever want or need, right from the designer ambience, soothing landscape, a well equipped clubhouse and gymnasium and a truly breathtaking infinity pool. The project also features a dedicated hour concierge service and help desk ensuring that residents do not have to struggle with any service desired, be it food, travel, entertainment or maintenance of their villas. Carpe Diem By the lover of the arts Best known for: Converting his ancestral home into a centre for learning and arts, thus providing people an opportunity to explore their talents.
Having spent a couple of years in the Middle East in IT, Daegal was thirsting to get back into the arts and facilitating his dream of providing others with a space to perform. Thus emerged Carpe Diem, a centre for learning and the arts. Sensing the vast untapped potential still existing in the South, Carpe Diem hopes to give youth more options to explore their passions and experience a more holistic lifestyle as opposed to the rat-like race of today. Since its opening, Carpe Diem has organized a number of events —regular yoga and dance classes, nutritional seminars, workshops on candle making, ceramics, book reading, art and craft camps, a drum and rhythm workshop, cup cake decorating,.
They even have to their credit an exhibition by well known artist Gautam Benegal. The gallery now aims to organize enough international quality exhibitions to gain sufficient international recognition and help build Goa as an art destination for tourists. Through the activities and workshops at Carpe Diem, Daegal hopes to make artists more financially successful in their endeavours and passions.
Best known for: Following his passion, footwear designing, and gaining international repute for his unique designs. The story: Despite coming from a family of doctors, Edwin Pinto always knew his heart lay in creativity. After enrolling himself at a tailoring institute in Mumbai, he returned to Goa in and began stitching gents, ladies, kids wear and uniforms.
He even experimented with bridal wear and evening gowns. Post marriage, he worked together with his wife Angela for some time. However, the restless soul in Pinto wanted to try something new. He experimented with shoe making and his experiment paid off when, in , he got an unexpected order to make pairs. Grabbing this opportunity, he sought help from a wellknown shoemaker from Mapusa, Pascol Goes. This show gained Edwin nation-wide recognition and publicity.
In , Edwin ventured full time into shoe designing and went on to launch Janota Goa. Janota Goa is a unique fashion label that originates from the Portuguese influence in India. It offers a wide range of uniquely designed footwear, garments and accessories. The brand is famous for its non-conventional footwear designs inspired by the beauty of nature and a hint of fairy tale. The products are handcrafted with love from the finest materials available across the country. Bookworm Changing lives, one book at a time Best known for: Their mission of instilling the love for books, reading and storytelling among children.
Calling their venture with a name that expresses the key quotient of the quintessential book lover, it was their infectious enthusiasm and passion for the task on hand that soon brought them and their amazing work into focus. Since , Bookworm has, over the years, evolved into a venture that encompass several streams of thought including that of imparting food for the soul, broadening horizons of opportunities for children who have few or no one who read. The management at Bookworm strongly believes that reading is a language in its own and that it holds the key to multiple realities.
Once they engage therein, it empowers them to think beyond the boxes that their socio-cultural milieu may place them in. Bookworm seeks to achieve this through several avenues. The Libraries in Schools program LiS provides grade appropriate reading resources to children who are first generation school goers and uses the story telling method to develop thinking and literacy skills. The Mobile. Outreach Programme MOP takes reading, storytelling and other literacy related activities into community areas.
It aims to cater to children who are mostly first generation learners hailing from families who have limited economic resources. Developing resources to aid. In , Bookworm registered as a charitable trust. Best known for: Encapsulating for posterity the phenomenal outcome of the amalgamation of Eastern and Western architectural styles. The story: The museum Houses of Goa celebrated 10 years in February of It was set up to explain the fascinating story of the Goan house.
The Museum showcases the houses which were the prime expression of the. Goan identity. The Museum is built as a traffic island and is in the shape of a triangle and resembles a ship. It has four levels with three galleries and has about paying visitors each year, a third of who are tourists. It has a small gift shop and a cafe and. It is part of a larger complex, which includes two schools and an amphitheatre and a soon to be built new Museum on Indian Architecture.
The project is self sustaining and earns it keep from ticket money and sales at the shop and cafe. The founder and curator is Gerard da Cunha who is an architect and publisher. He also runs the Mario Gallery next door. An authority on the subject, Gerard has brought out a number of publications and has a number of restoration projects to his credit.
The story: When one talks of museums in Goa, Goa Chitra, and the more recent Goa Chakra, are among the first names that one will hear. Both these amazing art and history destinations have 74 Business Goa. An artist and restorer by profession, Victor has always had a fascination for the various rituals and traditions that were an integral part of his younger days. This subject covered the use of different materials and processes in art over time. Victor returned to Goa in to become the curator of the Museum of Christian Art that was being set up at the Seminary of Rachol.
To all who have thus generously assisted him, the gratitude of the author is given without reservation. The poet's life, as he saw it, was divided into two periods : Youth and Maturity — the latter carrying with it the idea of wrestling with and solving manhood's problems — the former roughly covering the first thirty years of his life, but often mantling with its fervor the period far beyond.
Youth was the spring and summer of his fortunes ; Maturity the autumn and winter. Age was unnecessary. Out of college halls, city workshops, and wayside cottages, have come hosts of Kiley readers who have thought and who still think of him as a living friend because he sang of living things. Eecalling the tribute of their love, the author can not conceal the lively hope that this chronicle of their friend by their friend may find a genial corner in their good opinions. The Author.
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Heart of the Highlands, Nashville, Indiana, June, Frontispiece The Poet's Mother, About John Townsend Trowbeidge. Andeeson Democrat Office. Old Cottage on Bolivar Street. Rising from the shores of the British Isles and the continent of Europe, it crossed the Atlantic and fringed the seaboard of a new world with cities and farms. It ascended the eastern slopes of the mountains, poured through the gates of the Blue Ridge and the Alleghanies, and swept through the forests and over the prairies of the Ohio Valley.
What was its character? Who were the emigrants? They were not one people, not a family of single extraction from one motherland. They were French- men and Englishmen, Dutch, Irish, and Scotch- men, descendants of Puritans and cavaliers, gen- tlemen from Virginia, artisans from Pennsylvania and students from New England. There were soldiers ever ready to hurry to the charge, and orators who swayed the multitude with impassioned speech.
There came also musicians. In the new land as in the old, the four essentials were food, clothing, shelter and recreation. Over the mountains "with the cooking pots and pails" came the fiddle and banjo. There were the forefathers of sculptors and painters, and "Of poets pacing to and fro, Murmuring their sounding lines" ; particularly the ancestors of a poet of simple life, the central figure in the succeeding chapters of this volume. It was a race of men with their backs turned upon the sea, "civilization frayed at the edges," a master historian has said, "taken forward in rough and ready fashion, with a song and a swagger, by woodsmen and drovers, with axes and whips and rifles in their hands.
Many returned, but the large majority remained, "built cabins, planted crops, culti- vated farms, founded towns and cities, and established a new empire. The Forest of Arden in which the imagination of Shakespeare reveled was a brushwood in comparison. Such mammoth trees the eye of man had seldom seen. It was a rich land. Daniel Boone, looking out over it, was "richer than the owners of cattle on a thousand hills. It was a primeval region many hundred leagues in cir- cumference.
But how great the contrast. The Stanley region was in the darkest corner of the earth, brood- ing under the eternal storm-clouds of the equator. The masses of forest vegetation suggested mystery and awe. Not so the American woods. As the African explorer said of them, "There was poetic seclusion, graceful dis- order, bits of picturesque skies, and the sun shedding softened streams of light on scenes of exhaustless beauty and wonder.
Breezes whispered their gentle mysteries to the trees, and mighty winds made music in the forest like "The roar of Ocean on his winding shore. The kingdom of nature — the seasons, morning, noon, evening, and the silence of night — surpassed the splendors of the Orient; and when Indian summer came to fold the land in sym- pathetic sleep, there came with it a vision of per- fection that rivaled dreams of the Golden Age.
Their dreams and deeds, in part, corresponded to their surroundings. They loved youth. They loved the earth, the sun and the animals; despised riches, hated tyrants, and took off their hats to no man nor any number of men. Ohio and Indiana were in the making; Cincinnati, lying in its amphitheater of hills, commended itself to the novelist favorably and pleasantly.
The way out of the city led through a beautiful, cultivated country rich in the promise of an abundant harvest. Soon however the scene changed. Roadside inns were dull and silent. There were the primitive worm-fence, the unseemly sight of squalid huts, wretched cabins, broken-down wagons, and shambling, low-roofed cow- sheds.
Villagers stared idly at the passengers and sent up a silly shout when the coach bumped against the stumps in the street. Loafers lounged around the country stores, the climate was pernicious and every- where were signs of ill health and depression. His mind reverted to a former age when mighty forest trees spread their roof over a land enchanted, an aboriginal age when men lived pleasantly in blessed ignorance of the destruction and miseries of the White Man's Flood.
That branch of the tide of migration which Dickens saw lacked diversity of character. The emigrants were hollow-cheeked and pale, silent, joyless and un- social. The women were drowsy; the men seemed "melancholy ghosts of departed bookkeepers. Among those who lived on corn bread, boiled ham and cabbage, he would have found many who saw the beauty in the rainbow, in the thunder-storm and the sunset. And gratitude for literature he would have found also. John Hay relates that early settlers in Kentucky saddled their horses and rode from neigh- boring counties to the principal post-town whenever a new Waverley novel was expected.
Among the old books scattered here and there in the log cabins of In- diana and Ohio, Dickens would have found a new one, Master Humphrey's Clock, which then contained the story of Little Nell, whose life found an echo in the brief histories of domestic joys and sorrows of the frontier. Among those who idolized this heroine of fiction was Elizabeth Marine, who a few years later became the mother of a child of song whose mission was to make glad the people with poetry wrought from the very things that had filled the heart of Dickens with discontent.
Things were unsightly when the novelist passed. There was to be loveliness and har- mony when the singer came. It was a desire of Sir Walter Scott to stand in the midst of a wild original American forest "with the idea of hundreds of miles of untrodden forest around him," in the vast region stretching westward from the Alleghanies, for example.
Such was the good fortune of those families who first settled in the woods of Ran- dolph County, Indiana. Geographically they were in the very heart of the region. Leading back from those settlements, as indeed from settlements in every county, were threads of genealogy, which, if not para- mount in importance, nevertheless gave color to sub- sequent life. They played a part in the youth of the nation.
History does not omit them from those days of hope and discovery. They belong to "the great story of men. Both grandmothers were English. The father had sold all his belongings for thirty dollars — except a horse, a "carry- all" and some clothing. He and the older sons walked while the mother drove the wagon and cared for the youngsters.
They lived in the open, building camp-fires in the woods at night. Through the foothills of the Alleghanies, their food was chiefly chestnuts and gin- gerbread. In Ohio they had such luxuries as Indian corn, apples and sweet potatoes. After reaching the woods of Indiana, so tradition says, "they lived on the fat of the land. There were wild animals to trap and wild turkeys to shoot; red deer came to Stony Creek daily and black bear were abundant.
Andrew Riley, certainly, had enough and to spare. One season when there was a scarcity of grain, desti- tute Miami Indians came to him and he loaded their ponies with corn. Another year, a stockman insisted on buying all the com he had at seventy-five cents a bushel. The offer was refused. Such a man was naturally happy in his declining years, and, above all, at peace with himself and the 8.
A few days before he died, he said, "I have never intentionally wronged any man. I have not been vulgar or profane. I have tried to do right. I do not fear to die. She was the tenth in a family of eleven children. Her family lineage, on the paternal side, could be traced back to the year Her grandfather Marine was born in Wales, being a descendant of the French Huguenots, "those refugees that brought art and the refinements of civili- zation wherever they came. On coming to America they first settled among the Indians in Maryland, but later sought the warmer climate of the Carolinas.
In , having lost his little fortune by speculating ir weaver-sleighs, John Marine moved with his family t Indiana, crossing the Ohio River at North Bend. Among the incidents of the journey was the halt for a few days on the Ohio, and the joy at finding the new country all agog over the visit of the Great Lafayette. For years the story was a favorite in the Marine family, how the friend of Washington had ascended the river, and after spending a day with Henry Clay undei the great trees at Ashland, had come to be the guest ot the Queen City, his emotions when he beheld the fron- tier host on the hills of a city that two score years be- fore was but a cluster of log huts by the river; how the Stars and Stripes rippled from steamboats and buildings, and the applause echoed from both shores while the venerable hero was conveyed across the river A GLIMPSE OF THE EARLY DAYS 9 in a barge, how the alleys and commons were blockaded with ox teams and country wagons, how it had rained in torrents for a week, and how the artillery splashed through the muddy streets — a big story it was of pa- triotism in the backwoods, and the Marines were radi- ant with it when they reached Indiana.
After a transient residence at New Garden and one or two other points in Wayne County, they settled permanently on the Mississinewa River in Randolph County, where they built a cabin on a high bank at a bend in the river a few miles below Ridgeville. To the south was a white oak grove, a favorite retreat for Elizabeth Marine. The Marines were flat-boat builders, millers, and verse-makers. About the first thing they did on reach- ing a new country was to establish a mill site and write a poetic narrative of their wanderings.
He would sit by the fireplace and write heavy turbid poetry on scientific and Biblical subjects. The tendency was to the epic. The town, according to an old record, had so small a growth and so early a death, that settlers of a later period could not find the faint- est trace of its location.
All that now remains on the site are a few unmarked graves in the far corner of a cow pasture, among them the grave of Elizabeth Marine's mother. John Marine was not only a boat-builder and rhymer, but a teacher and preacher as well. He wrote a book advocating the union of the churches — a suicidal thing to do in his day — which in part is said to have been in rhyme. The manuscript was kept many years in a trunk, but "one winter," to quote his grandson again, "six mice reduced it to confetti.
On the first ballot the jury was divided, but at last the vote was unanimous for destruction. He and the poet's grandmother, Margaret Riley, were leaders in the Methodist camp-meetings of Randolph and Delaware Counties. There were no wan- dering eyes when they addressed the meetings, particu- larly when the latter spoke. Thornburg, an old resident of Randolph County, "was remarkably pure-minded. I never saw any one so beautiful in a calico dress. She belonged to a large family. They lived in a one-story log house. It had a clay and stick chimney. She went to school, but her chief delight was to play along streams and wander in the green woods.
She was always seeing things among the leaves. One of her girlhood friends remembered her ascending Muncie hill on the Mississinewa to get a view of clear- ings in the valley, and how happy she was at the sight of the blue smoke curling up from cabins in the morn- ing air. The friend added that "she adored her garden and the cultivation of small fruits. When she stood in the hollyhocks she seemed to be in a trance. She saw the "orange in the eve- ning sky.
Pomona would have envied this maiden of the Missis- sinewa her enjoyment of the wild orchards of that period. To listen to "Johnny Appleseed," the eccen- tric wanderer who planted them, was one of her happy opportunities. She remembered his telling of his first visit to the Indiana forest, how he had brought a sack of apple seeds on the back of an ox. His narra- tive pleased her because it was novel. His peculiarities were captivating — like a bird he was, roosting where night overtook him — always wearing ragged clothes — never carrying a gun — never sleeping in a bed — never having any place he called home, yet always happy, "While he was walking by day or lying at night in the forest, Looking up at the trees, and the constellations beyond them.
Over in the Stony Creek settlement was a young man twenty-four years old. He was lithe, straight and tall, had black eyes, black hair and a radiant face. He was known for his eloquence in de- bating clubs, had taught school, studied law in a neigh- boring county-seat, been admitted to the bar, and had had a limited practice in a prairie village in Iowa. These Fourth of July gatherings, I suppose, have their uses. Riley might meet Elizabeth Marine and fall a victim to her beauty.
It was a day for family reunions — a barbacue day, the "roast" con- sisting of several pigs, an ox, and five lambs. Stony Creek laughed through the wood, and there, too, played those other streams, "the life-currents that ebb and flow in human hearts. The Poet's Mother, About ssrrr'? I think I never saw my sister dance so happily. A young lawyer came to that forest jubilee free as an eagle. He met a young woman he had not seen before, and left the woods that night a captive for life.
Truly, "these Fourth of July gath- erings have their uses. A few flags hanging from the trees paid tribute to "the day we celebrate. There were no fairy-balloons — but there were fairies, on the authority of James Marine and his friend William Thornburg, who remembered that Elizabeth pointed to them in the flickering shadows above her.
There was an Indian pony trail some six miles long between Stony Creek and Cabin Creek, which he trav- eled frequently by the light of a lantern. Eagerly he "Followed the pathway that ran through the woods to the house of Priscilla," hut unlike John Alden he was not led thither by de- ceptive fancy.
He went always on the errand of love. Love "was spinning his life and his fortune" and the life and fortune of a son of song. All thought of returning to the far-away town on the prairies for the practice of law came to an end. His reflections fashioned a home in Indiana. February 20, , he and his sweetheart Elizabeth were married at Unionport on Cabin Creek — and thus the pony path was turned into a bridal path. For a time previous to her marriage, Elizabeth had lived with her brother at Unionport. They looked nice. Her wedding dress was a pale pink silk.
She wore a long white veil and white kid gloves and shoes. Her infair dress was gray poplin. She looked beautiful in her leghorn bonnet the next day when she rode away on horseback with Reuben through the woods. Like the settle- ments in Randolph County, it was neighbor to the primeval forest.
That forest had "multiplicity and richness of tinting," and there was no "sad poverty of variety in species" among the trees. It was held in a courtroom which was then the upper floor of a log house about twenty feet long. The population was sparse. There were tangled solitudes in the county that challenged the courage of the bravest immigrant. Roads were few and winding. Settlers consumed days in going to mill, although one is inclined to believe they did other things on the way, for one settler is said to have returned in his ox-cart with "four deer, a half dozen fox and wolf skins, and seven wild turkeys.
So far as the records show there was no poet in the tribe who "Heard the songs divine, Up and down old Brandywine. Soon after their coming, the first newspaper was printed, the Greenfield Reveille, and the husband announced himself in its business directory as "Attorney at Law, Office at my residence.
He took a lively interest in the national campaign, becoming a champion of "Polk and Annexation against The Bank and High Taxation. She was the joy of the neighborhood, and there was a melody in her voice on moonlit evenings that those who heard could not forget. On public occa- sions she was remembered for "the bloom and grace of womanhood. They remembered her charming man- ners and how lovingly she waved her hand to her hus- band in a procession that passed by. She contributed verse to the weekly Reveille and later to the Greenfield Spectator and other county papers, among them The Family Friend and the American Patriot.
What she wrote did not pass muster, but there was a poetic impulse in the heart, none the less. Notwithstanding the neighboring Black Swamp and the marsh lands on Brandywine, it had a charmingly romantic setting. Locust trees and sugar maple saplings stood irregularly along the sidewalks. Beech, ash and walnut, left standing when the ground was cleared, gave variety and shade to backyards and byways. The dwellings were cabins and frame cot- tages. The business rooms were for the most part one-story buildings, though an occasional two-story one gave promise of more pretentious blocks in days to come.
As Reuben and Elizabeth Riley took their place in the community, so Greenfield took its place in ''the great psalm of the republic. There were students with a record of things done under the elms at Yale, and neighbor to these, now and then, a squire of birth and distinction, who pointed with pride to his huge Carolina wagon and his four-horse team, which he had driven from his plantation on the Great Pedee. This blending of the East and South meant in the next generation "a peculiar people" — a population untrammelled by the artifice of fashion and formality.
It meant independ- ence and simplicity of character. An acre of earth near Greenfield dilated with "the grandeur and life of the universe," as did an acre in the vicinity of Boston or Savannah. There was a school of experience, ample opportunity for diversity of endeavor. There were love, courtship and marriage, and devotion to home and countiy. There was a native fresh- ness that made even the illiterate interesting. Village statesmen talked profoundly of their country's possi- bilities and perils, and hunters and woodmen were not strangers to books or the calls of culture.
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We were up with the lark and down with rheumatism but seldom beyond the reach of the lark's song. A peaceful village surrounded by beech woods with a little "willow brook of rhymes" flowing through it, the beech woods a part of a primeval forest diversified with neighborhoods of men, women and children — all in all, as happy a land and time for the birth of a poet as "ever there was under the sun. The proph- ecy was not made in vain.
Several sons of fame were born in that decade, but the birth of one particularly concerns these pages. One day in October, , a fortnight after that birth. Fortune singled out a run- away boy to find the cradle of future greatness. Hurry- ing away from discontentment at his home in Indian- apolis, the boy ran eastward along the old Plank Road. It was Sunday morning. The woods were yellowing and orchard boughs were bending with ripened fruit. When he grew hungry he filled his linen coat pockets with apples.
Occasionally a farm wagon going to or from church gave him a lift and for a time he was accompanied by a stranger who listened suspi- ciously to the tale of his woes. The forenoon was long, the afternoon longer, but just as the sun was sinking behind the notorious Black Swamp the toll-gate burst upon the runaway's tired vision, and a few moments later he saw in the deepen- ing twilight the village of Greenfield, the end of his day's flight. At the edge of town he fell in with a boy who had been driving cows to pasture.
Riley — a young lawyer, thirty years of age, and a leading citi- zen of the little county-seat. At the gate the boys parted and soon a timid knock brought the lawyer to the door — and the runaway stood speechless in the presence of his brother. Not meeting in the stern dark eye of the lawyer the welcome he hoped for, the young brother covered his face with his hands and sat down on the door-step.
At the same moment he heard the rustle of a dress and the voice of a gentle wife and mother. Now that the runaway is in the arms of the mother, it is good to listen to his story in his own words — as it was told half a century later. She combed my hair and seated me on her knee. As the story of my running away proceeded, I looked up and there inside the kitchen door stood the swarthy form of the lawyer, his arms folded and his eyes bent severely upon us. Lifting her soft blue-gray eyes to his, with tears shining on their fringes like dew on the grass, she pled my cause.
At this, the black eyes softened. Laying his hand on my head and look- ing longingly into her face, he said, 'There, Lizzie, it is settled ; he can stay ; I will inform the folks to-morrow. After supper we went to the front room. I stooped and kissed its dainty lips — and thus I entered a Child- World. True to the instincts of child-nature, the boy started from his cradle on a voyage of discovery. He could invent stories for boys almost as interesting as those he remembered from books. He built a playhouse for the children in the apple trees, and sometimes when summer days were hot and long he climbed to it him- self "to moon over a novel" or to ease his heart of "hopeless verse.
He pruned the apple trees, and it was often his fortune to sniff "alluring whiffs of the dear old-fashioned dinners the children loved. At meal-time he seated "The garland of glad faces Tound the board — Each member of the family restored To his or her place, with an extra chair" for the farmer the father brought in from the street, or a state politician who came from afar on the long high- way for a conference with the lawyer at the noon hour.
Uncle Mart inspired the little "Bud" with his first ambition, the desire to be a baker, and at divers times took the place of the mother or the hired girl when they were too busy to give lessons in cooking. After a while he improved so that he "could build pies of legitimate size. For several years he felt a twinge of disappointment that he had not realized it. He really thought he would make a success as a baker. The kitchen being a world far too small for a boy of "Bud's" possibilities, the circle of his discoveries soon extended to the garden and stable lot ; in short, he began to distinguish himself by an eminent degree of curios- ity.
I could ask more questions than grandfather in Paradise could answer in a year" — why bears steal pigs from the pen — why they carry bee gums on their arms — where go the wagons on the Plank Road — what the leaves say when they whisper — why the grass is green — why the rain drools down the window-pane — why the moon is low and the stars are high — never an end of questions — and never an end of questing. One day the mother discovered that "Bud" was a poet, when he came running from the yard, all in a flutter, with a story of an apple shower.
He did not, like Bryant, "contribute verse to the county paper before he was ten years old," but he was a poet in feeling before that date. For him it was a day of blooming cheeks and open brow — a day of discovery. He recalled that Uncle Mart talked of the stream and the thick woods as a stage. He and "Bud" were stage-hands lifting cur- tains for views of scenery. The uncle credits her with "build- ing and formulating the happiest programs that were ever placed upon the boards of her home stage.
Often "Bud" was drawn to its banks to listen to its limpid waters. Its pebbles, glittering in the ripples, looked up to him "like the eyes of love. While he sought the play-place of his childhood, Nature planted in his heart the germs of "The Brook-Song," a lilting melody that rivals the music of the stream that inspired it. It was no fleeting influence that sparkled in his vision "Till the gurgle and refrain Of its music in his brain Wrought a happiness as keen to him as pain.
Rose Mitchell Gregg gives a village portrait of the Riley boy, such a picture as a friend once gave of Tennyson paddling in the sandy shallows of his boyhood stream. Holding them high as he could with his hands, he was kicking the water and looking for the deep places. He wore a little blue roundabout and a soft, white felt hat without band or lining. His hair was very light and cut short, his eyes big and blue and his face freckled. He was a slight little fellow, but keen and alert. I won- dered why he had wandered so far from home.
Wad- ing in the Branch was a joyous pastime for Greenfield children. I wanted a pair of boots with red tops. I slipped away from home to a shoe store where my father bought on credit. After looking in vain for them I selected a pair with green tops and told the clerk to charge them. At home I stole upstairs to my bedroom and there wore them all alone with great joy.
When any one came up the stairway I quickly pulled them off and hid them under the feather bed. Thus I enjoyed them for two weeks before my purchase was discovered. My father insisted on re- turning them, but my mother's love prevailed, and after that I was permitted to wear them in public. When a clerk came toward me I looked at something else till he gave attention to another customer. For weeks after I bought it I kept the cake in my pocket — just pleased to my finger-tips with its transparent beauty.
I shall not grow old so long as I enjoy a show case of toilet soap. In the present history, His share is in the log cabin that stood at the side of the old National Road in Greenfield. In the human as well as the divine order of things, the day arrived for it to be torn down — the family having moved to a new homestead — and Uncle Mart and the children came with the hired man to that end. Having lived in it for a decade, the mother was pensive, but the children were altogether happy. In that cabin home originated an influence that was as far-reaching as it was beautiful — the faith in fairies.
Night after night Uncle Mart had tucked little "Bud" in his trundle bed and lulled him to sleep with fairy tales. That was the beginning. The faith in fairies never died. When "Bud" became a man, it was modified, but never forsaken. As Riley saw it, the outgrowth was a fatal day for the earth. He held with Schiller and Wordsworth that in the overthrow of mythology the world had lost more than it had gained. As the image-making power in the mind of the race was busy with the marvelous things of old, so should it be busy with the marvelous things of now.
Hence the Arabian Nights remained his favorite book. To the last, he held unalterably to the sentiment of the "Natural Educationists," that there are fairies in the hearts of all good and great people — "that fairies whisper to us to do good deeds — that fairies are the creative power which has caused the building of great structures, the painting of great pic- tures, the composition of great music, and the produc- tion of great poems.
Every thought that kindled his heart into rapture came to him on fairy wings from the shores of mystery, and whenever anything he did fell below the plane of fairy endeavor, "was reduced," as he said, "by the tyranny of conditions to the level of a humdrum existence," he was unhappy. The fairies were absent. The fire in his heart was low. Like Lowell, he mourned the loss of Aladdin's lamp and the beautiful castles in Spain. But this was never so when he could maintain a fairij interest in his work. When- ever his faculties were quickened to the fervor he ex- perienced in childhood, when visions of pure joy rav- ished his heart, his fevered sight was cooled.
Then all was love — : "The chords of life in utmost tension With the fervor of invention. Who knows? Perhaps Riley's adorable faith in fairies, and his mother's before him, were after all the faith of the little people that once lived in the obscure islands and peninsulas of western Europe. His charming simplicity, his delicacy of feeling, and his desire to penetrate the un- known may have had a Celtic origin, may have been traceable to "the race that above all others was fitted for family life and fireside joys.
In the cabin, after twilight, while the apples sputtered on the hearth and the light from the fireplace flickered on the walls, stories reeled from Uncle Mart's fancy as brightly as the flames laughed up the chim- ney ; and best of all, the mother approved the harmless fictions and laughed heartily with the flames and the children. They were the fairies of summer-time, the mother had explained — "Only in the tvinter-time Did they ever stop, In the chip-and-splinter-time When the backlogs pop. The children remembered the jolly winters, and particularly the coldest night of the year when the mother held the lamp and little "Bud" a candle, while they chinked the cracks where the wind blew through the floor.
Uncle Mart was reminded of shelter from the rain. He distinctly remembered the "rever- ential shade" on the mother's face when listening to distant thunder, and her smile of gratitude when she heard the refrain of the rain on the roof. The rain above, and a mother's love, And God's companionship! The poet was born there who, when grown, was to save from the ruins a picture of its simplicity and beauty — the young mother throned in her rocking-chair with a work-basket on the floor, the laughter and call of the children across the way, the summer wind luring the fragrance of roses from her window, the while her dreamy boy, lying near her, face downward, was bending "above a book Of pictures, vdth a rapt ecstatic look — Even as the mother's, by the self-same spell.
Was lifted with a light ineffable — As though her senses caught no mortal cry, But heard, instead, some poem going by. But all agree that the young married couple, on coming from the Ran- dolph County woods, to live in Greenfield, occupied the cabin. All agree that the poet was bom there, and that it stood snugly at the corner of the lot in the shade of trees that grew on the edge of the street. Prior to the birth of his famous son, Reuben A. Riley had served one term in the state legislature with credit to himself and his constituency. There he had met Governor James Whitcomb, whom to meet was to honor and love.
A few years later he zealously discharged the duties of county prosecuting attorney. He took great interest in politics, and on several occasions distin- guished himself for his eloquent defense of freedom. He was a leader in the Democratic party of Indiana and so remained till the Fremont campaign when he with Oliver P.
Morton and others espoused the cause of the Republican party. In those stormy years he was in the full strength of his young manhood. Republican leaders, Morton among them, placed a high estimate on his services "in moulding the sentiments of the young men of the State," who later responded to the call of President Lincoln. Riley, or one who more uniformly satisfied the de- mand. He expounded the principles of the new party as did no other orator in Indiana. His joint debates were the talk of campaigns. Men referred to his speeches as finished orations.
His public services brought him clients, brought him financial success. They had a grape-arbor built like a covered bridge over the pathway to the garden. A row of currant bushes grew near. Bees murmured in hives at the side of the lot. Lilacs and flowering vines grew lavishly in the front yard. Apple trees stood here and there between, the street and the garden, and "Under the spacious shade of these, the eyes Of swinging children saw the soft-changing skies.
A third sister, Martha Celestia Riley, born February 21, , died in childhood. Oldest of the brothers was John Andrew Riley, born December 11, He was the grave leader among them. He had a quick observant eye and a keen retentive memory. Although inclined to serious duties, he nevertheless could forget the gravity of life and kindle fires of delight.
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For a season he would make tame incidents sparkle with lively mirth, and then the chil- dren could never just quite tell why there almost in- variably followed an interval of seeming remorse that made him undesirable company. He was specially remem- bered for his insistence on truth in his elders. They recalled his peach-bloom complexion and particularly his love of father and mother.
Freaks of temper were yoked in him to uncommon aspirations and affections. He was the lorn child, "Whose yearnings, aches and stings Over poor little things" were as poignant and pitiful as the sorrow of the family over his death in early manhood. The second daughter, Elva May Riley, bom Janu- ary 14, , was the "little lady" with golden curls. She had the blue of the skies in her eyes. She never romped up and down stairs. She was "thoughtful every way Of others first — The kind of a child at play That 'gave up,' for the rest, the ripest pear Or peach or apple in the garden there.
With a touch of fancy in the child book her eminent brother recalled a little girl with a "velvet lisp on elfin lips" — "Though what her lips missed, her dark eyes could say With looks that made her meaning clear as day. It may seem to some that the Riley lad neglected the schoolroom, and in one sense he did. In ways innumer- able, before he entered the schoolhouse, he was getting an education. He was taught to read at home. From the very first he seems to have practised "the art of think- ing,. He strove for the useful side of things and was just as vigorous in contending against what he thought was useless.
He compassed the First Reader while other children struggled with its opening pages. In a few days he had reached the end of the book — the lesson in which Willy, Katy, Carry and their mother go to the seaside. The children were digging in the sand with wooden spades, when they threw them down to look at a ship sailing by. Soon the ship will be out of sight, according to the lesson, and the children will go home.
The wind will transport them to far-away gar- dens of happiness, at least it did me, and I believe all children will be so transported if parents would begin aright to develop in them the imaginative faculty. He had been taught his letters and Primer by his mother and Uncle Mart, but the art of comprehending what he read was chiefly taught him by a careless-haired boy, Almon Keefer, whose "interest- ing and original ways with children," said Riley, "fairly ignite the eye of memory with rapture.
One of the books he read was Tales of the Ocean, an old book of stories, in character much like Tales of the Wayside Inn. Of the early books it was quite near if not the first of the list. But its vitality went bravely on With its delicious tales of land and sea. He was a little rebel at the end of the second lesson : "Is it an ax? It is an ax. It is my ax. Is it by me? My ax is by me. So it is. The secret of the whole matter is this, whether it be the lesson for the child or the book for the man — it must he interesting.
When Riley became associate editor of a county paper, he reiterated his protest in a half-column, "To Parents and Preceptors": "We will shortly issue," he wrote in humorous vein in the first paragraph, "a little educational work, which we design shall take the place of McGuffey's First Reader. We have nothing against McGuffey, but we love the institutions of our country, moral and educa- tional, and by the publication of the little volume we are at present compiling, we confidently expect to meet a long-felt want of our public schools, and by its pres- entation to our bright-eyed little friend, 'the school- boy, with shining morning face, creeping like a snail, unwillingly to school,' we expect to take the initial step toward a general revolution of the educational system as it stands to-day.
Frances Neill, was a little, old, rosy, rolly-poly woman — looking as though she might have just come rolling out of a fairy story, so lovable she was and so jolly and so amiable. I remember particularly the lam. She would ofttimes take three or four of us together; and I can recall how my playmate and I, having been admonished into silence, grew deeply interested in looking at her husband, a spare old blind man sitting always by the window, which had its shade drawn down.
After a while we became accustomed to the idea, and when our awe had subsided we used to sit in a little sewing chair and laugh and talk in whispers and give imitations of the little old man at the window. Neill wore a white cap with ribbands — and that she also wore a mole on her face "right where Abraham Lincoln wore his, and that it had eye-winkers in it, for when she kissed him they tickled his nose.
When a boy was guilty of swearing Mrs. Neill wrapped a rag round a pen holder, dipped it in ashes and cleansed his mouth. If he had kicked another boy she whipped him on the foot. By Double, it's Books! There was a Harvest tree at home, a few doors away, on which the apples "fairly hurried ripe for him.
As to signs in it of future greatness, there was none. It was the ordinary thing ; it made no show ; it did not suggest a future son of fame. Like the log cabin in which the Riley child was born, the little schoolroom was a thing of blessed memory. She was so tired, so worn and old. Somewhere she may be waiting for all the little boys and girls she loved to come romping in again. The pioneer past was a rich land- scape for him.
It was beautifully blended with the hope of the future. He would find a rustic frame on the walls of memory and make a pic- ture for it that sometimes surpassed the art of the painter. On condition that they were good school children, the mother had prom- ised "Bud" and his elder brother, John, a holiday with relatives a few miles away on Sugar Creek, and then a week's visit with uncles and aunts some fifty miles dis- tant in Morgan County.
Passing the toll-gate with its well-sweep pole, the boys began to realize their dream in the sunshine of the old National Road, the long high- way that was lost somewhere in the wilderness of the West. Near Sugar Creek they left the highway for a winding road past fields and clearings in the back- woods. The elder brother often recalled the welcome they received from a family of children who came romping through the barn lot to the end of the long lane, up which he and "Bud" hurried on the wings of joy.
As the poetic brother remembered it, "They pattered along in the dust of the lane, As light as the tips of the drops of the rain. Hough of Greenfield and my mother drove there with my brother and me and my sister Elva, then a child in her mother's arms. My brother and I sat on a seat that unfolded from the dashboard in the manner of old-fashioned vehicles of the time. It was a joyous journey, for Cousin Rufus was the j oiliest, cheeriest young man that ever lived and there was always a song on his lips.
We drove from Greenfield to Indianapolis, where we stopped for a midday meal. There were several other visits, so that the poem is truly a composite one. There was no particular Aunt Mary, but the little journey to Sugar Creek and the longer one to Morgan County formed the rustic frame for the picture. School in June and July was a violation of nat- ural laws. Another day he waded through the tall grass to an old graveyard. Every boy knew of such a spot in the early days. Hard by stood tlio wide-spread- ing beech with its lower boughs touching the earth, the great baobab tree of Riley's childhood.
How allur- ing it was. Made magical by the soft summer atmos- phere and the enchanting vista of open fields, to a boy it seemed in the distance a gigantic mound of verdure, over which he might roll and tumble as he would roll in beds of blue-grass on the hillside. And anything more poetic than his anticipation of that tree? The thought of it as he ran onward with the boys down the long highway was as balmy as the breeze that powdered his path with the blossoms from the locust trees. The odor from ragweed and fennel was sweet as the scent of lilies in the Garden of Eden.
Not until we were directly beneath it did the birds, voraciously feeding on the berries, see us, and then they flew away in a whir of confusion. And the fruit of that tree! It had a strange deliciousness. Simply — it was to all other fruits as maple syrup is to all other syrups. Judge David S. Gooding found a truant youth stealing down the back ways of Greenfield, who tried to excuse his truancy to the Judge on the ground that James Whit- comb Riley ran away from school to a mulberry tree. The Riley boy was wide- awake ; he played Robin Hood ; he saw the leafy shade ; he heard the flutter of birds ; you play nothing, you see nothing, hear nothing; you are skulking, hiding along the creek here like a burglar.
Go back to school! Boys and girls had their sorrows then, it is true, but they also had something the modern child too often does not have — a Child-heart nourished with heaven- bom visions and realizations of joy and beauty. Too often the modern Child-heart is dwarfed and smothered by the glitter of deception, show and sham. Why is it I can not read mythology to- day? Because I have lost faith in it. But I could not have read it had I known it was an allegory. All of these fancies of my childhood have made it possible for me to understand children now-a-days, and to portray them more perfectly.
When I come across a fanciful child, just about as superstitious as I was, I know how to talk to it and better how to write about the things it loves. I associated with country boys and girls. I was always on hand at the country gather- ings. When I went to see my little friends in the coun- try I stayed all night.
I have slept four-in-a-bed after a boisterous hunt with the boys for watermelons in the cornfields. In all my associations with country peo- ple there was always enough distinction for me to see the better side of them as a visitor. In the vicinity of Greenfield, that village of three or four hundred inhabitants, he found a wondrous world.
He had his little share of disappointments, of course, but they did not fill his childish cup with bitterness. Within wandering distance of the town he found the Paradise of Childhood. There in season, the songs of orchard-birds dripped daily from whispering trees. There was the green earth and the infinite heavens above it he called the Child-World. After the poet had passed his fiftieth mile-stone he frequently speculated on what Heaven would be like, and the sort of hfe one would hve there. The field is not limited," he went on; "you can imagine that anything can take place in Heaven; anything, anything.
For instance, you might imagine that things would go on there as in frontier times they did here on earth. Restore the rapture and rhythm of my childhood days and I can not think of many improvements. In Heaven each one of us might be assigned certain things to do, certain daily tasks; and betimes we might ourselves choose to do the thing we desire to do most of all.
Think of it! Suppose I was permitted to drop on my knees again and inhale the fragrance of crushed penny- royal — permitted to go back to a day in my childhood, the day I first wandered away with my little friends to the mulberry tree — permitted to have the whole, long joyous day before me again: be happy, ragged, barefooted, with everything back as it used to be — even to the stone-bruise on my heel.
To have over again one of those dewy mornings of fifty years ago r The gracious smile of those days of old! To Riley it was the glitter of the sun in tropic lands. All things throbbed with the pulse of spring. Yet we do not treat ourselves nor one another thus tenderly.
We have no time to be any- thing but machines. We lay up treasures where moth and rust cojrrupt and where thieves break through and steal. Wasting our substance in blind obedience to blundering oracles, we contract ourselves in a nutshell of frivolous employment and creep down the road of life. Soon after he made it, there slipped away to the woods near Greenfield a lad ten or twelve years of age, who was destined to make a similar protest — not as a recluse, not harshly, but gently, so deftly indeed that the people began to nourish the finer qualities of their nature without marking the precise moment when the sunlight came to warm them into being.
Alone in the solitude, the lad stood on the shore of a little "lake of light," whose wine-colored waters were as transparent as the inland sea in Walden Woods, although its homely name, Tharpe's Pond, lacked the euphony of the classic New England name. It was a balmy summer day. Wading into the warm, "winey waters" up to his waist, he gazed through a sky-window in the roof of the woods, What were his thoughts? Did he dream? Did he wonder and doubt? Were things what they seem? Or were visions about?
There was always beside him the lad of Used-To-Be, what he called "the quivering, palpitating spirit of youth. Whenever it was vivid, whenever he stood before an unexplored world with the rapture of the lad who stood before the deep, pathless forest, then he could think the thoughts, live the hopes, and sujffer the tragedies of little folks. He could write verse for children. Every tree was a fabulous consideration. Deer came with their antlers up to question the a?
There was a pigeon roost near. It was glorious at twilight to see the pigeons drop down in swarms from the clouds. The sky was full of fairies. In the early morning, he said, borrowing the dewy lines from Tennyson, the trees were wrapped in a happy mist "Like that which kept the heart of Eden green Before the useful trouble of the rain.
They were feeble, indistinct, it was true ; nevertheless, he was certain their murmur had a personal meaning. The leaves tried to whisper to him. There was a "deep, purple wine of shade" in the forest, but he did not see it then, — not for a fortnight of years. It was enough as the seasons came and went that he could distinctly recall the dawn of poetic perception. Whenever he could vividly remember the boy he was then, whenever he could wade through "the lake of light" in the woods, whenever he could translate the song of the birds, whenever he could match the music of lisping leaves with the harmony of human emotions, whenever he could bask in the sun of Memory and feel around him the invisible atmosphere of Love, he could write poetry.
Such was the heavenly land of childhood for which the poet could never find jewels enough to diamond with his praise. The green earth vibrated with love and wonder. There was ever a song of dewy morn- ings, fragrant meadows, and joyous children. Even as the Master sanctions — while the heart beats young. If it is a question of verdancy, they lasted longer. They were supposed to be school-days, but since the schoolroom was a secondary matter, I call them salad days. I was uncommonly green in judg- ment.
But Lily, O my Lily, comes back and reigns again; and all the wine of love that ripens in the musty bins of my old heart, boils up and bubbles o'er. We were such friends, you know — such tender, loving friends. I really believe our teacher an old maid with green spectacles, who had been suffering with neuralgia for a week, and was heartless as a hack-driver — I really believe she hated us — at least she always kept our desks far apart as the narrow limits of the schoolroom would allow, and even at 'recess' invariably kept one of us in and sometimes both for some real or fancied misdemeanor.
After dismissal he was "dressed down in the good old-fashioned method of the time," and sent home. On leaving the schoolhouse the boy stole a hasty glance through the window and was astoffiished to discover "the green-eyed dame bending serenely over her desk — eating an apple. Up to the advent of his bachelor days, he car- ried love ditties in his pocket, one in particular by his friend, John Hay, which, he said, "dripped a sticky kind of sweetness that made the society of young girls interesting. It was being indoors. The Riley lad sat near a window and just beyond it was the border-line of the Great Out-of -Doors, which by all the laws of heart and mind he considered his schoolhouse.
He was in sight of the National Road. At that particular time, the long highway swarmed with evidences of the Pike's Peak ex- citement. In summer and autumn there were all sorts of animals in the cavalcade, horses, oxen, mules and donkeys, crazy vehicles of every description, and men with dogs driving hogs and turkeys to market. Riley remembered that there was a cow hitched to a prairie schooner. With such a lively procession passing the window daily it was asking the impossible that a schoolboy should be solemn or even studious. It was as natural for him to laugh at things in that cavalcade as it was for lambs to bleat or the chat to whistle.
His eyes fell one day on a picture that would kindle the interest of the dullest youth. He was a well-made man of fifty years, perhaps, rugged as the horse he so oddly represented. He was smoothly shaven as a priest and pink-faced as a country girl. His hair was light and clipped closely to the scalp, as if his brains had grown too warm and needed cooling off. He seemed wholly unconscious of the sensation he was creating in our little village. Flocks of wondering women filled the doors and windows as he passed, while the men-folks dropped their garden tools and stood staring in amaze- ment.
Good St. Anthony himself could not have re- pressed a smile at the antics of the two-legged centaur as he cantered along, clucking to himself and shying occasionally at an oyster-can, or an old boot lying by the sidewalk. Following at his heels, the rag-tag and bob-tail of the town completed the procession. The man halted opposite the schoolhouse where he un- hitched himself — frisked out of the harness — snorted and kicked — lay down and rolled over a time or two — shook himself and then abruptly began an incoherent harangue on the subject of religion, interspersing his remarks with love songs composed by himself, printed copies of which he offered to the music-loving public at the rate of five cents per ballad.
The child of the doldrums must admit that such an outbreak would seriously damage the discipline of a schoolroom. Harris, would have let the children have their way for one hour at least. The man in the street was a bobolink, too, "overcome with the ecstasy of his own music. He was enchanted with his foolish fancies. Among them was the frame-work of "a fairy tale, in which a naughty bobolink should be transformed into a great wingless man, who had to work like a donkey, and bray songs for a living.
Rather than "run the gaunt- let of cross-examination," he ran to that. What glorious holidays he took without consent of the teacher — rambling in the woods all day, gathering nuts and paw- paws and woodticks and mosquito bites. How pitiless "the melancholy tribunals of visitors," whose way was to look reproach- fully upon the ignorance of boys at the blackboard. His heart no formal schools would brook ; But to himself the world he took. I never heartily learned a school-book lesson in my life. When I did answer a question the answer was whispered in my ear by some one. I copied my blackboard work from the classmate next to me.