Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don't all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. Keep your Crested in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. If you're unsure whether he's overweight, give him the eye test and the hands-on test.
First, look down at him. You should be able to see a waist.
Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, with the fingers spread downward. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise. For more on feeding your Crested, see our guidelines for buying the right food , feeding your puppy , and feeding your adult dog. Powderpuff coats are seen in all colors and in combinations of mahogany, blue, lavender, or copper. They can be solid or spotted. The skin tones of the Hairless are pink and black. Perhaps it's the Hairless's essential nakedness that made stripper Gypsy Rose Lee a breeder.
The Hairless Chinese Crested is bald except for soft, flowing hair on the head, feet, and tail. Hair on the body should be shaved to protect the skin. Don't use sun block or moisturizers; let the skin remain natural. The Hairless should be bathed frequently with a high-quality shampoo. Because he can be prone to minor skin problems, such as acne, check for any blackheads while grooming. Powderpuff Cresteds are a lot of work to groom.
They have a silky double coat, and the undercoat is copious and will mat if the dog isn't groomed regularly. Shaving the face is an option. The Powderpuff needs to be brushed weekly , except when the puppy hair is changing into adult hair, during which brushing is best done on a daily basis. A pin or bristle brush is best. All mats should be worked out and any "felting" between the pads on the feet should be removed. Powderpuffs should be bathed regularly but not as frequently as the Hairless, and they need a high-quality shampoo to avoid stripping necessary oils from the hair and skin.
The dog should be towelled off and blow-dried on a very low temperature to prevent him from getting chilled or his coat from getting over dried. Start grooming your Crested at a young age. Grooming allows you the opportunity to bond with your puppy as well as check for any signs of illness that your dog may be showing. Make grooming a positive experience and you will find that veterinary checkups and grooming sessions when the dog has reached maturity will be easy and enjoyable tasks.
Most grooming services are available at the local pet groomer's, and if you're unsure or wary about doing any of it yourself, especially shaving, you should seek the help of a professional. Both varieties can have dental issues, but the Hairless is particularly prone. Brush his teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it.
Daily brushing is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath. Trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they're too long. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding — and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out.
So, if you're not experienced trimming dog nails, ask a vet or groomer for pointers. His ears should be checked weekly for redness or a bad odor, which can indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infections.
Don't insert anything into the ear canal; just clean the outer ear. Begin accustoming your Crested to being brushed and examined when he's a puppy. Handle his paws frequently — dogs are touchy about their feet — and look inside his mouth. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he's an adult.
As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Eyes should be clear, with no redness or discharge. Your careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early. Sweet, gentle children are adored by Chinese Crested. Children need to be old enough to understand that they must be careful with these small dogs.
As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's eating or sleeping or to try to take the dog's food away. No dog, no matter how friendly, should ever be left unsupervised with a child. Chinese Cresteds are often purchased without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one. There are many Chinese Cresteds in need of adoption and or fostering.
There are a number of rescues that we have not listed. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Crested rescue.
Chinese Cresteds: What's Good About 'Em, What's Bad About 'Em
Below are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Chinese Crested. Breed Characteristics: Adaptability.
- Training, Diet and Exercise!
- The Purebred Chinese Crested;
- My Stomaco Hurts! (Pedagogia)!
- Chinese Crested Dog Breed Information.
- How to Care for a Chinese Crested.
- Candle In The Window.
- more Tales from TOMORROW.
All Around Friendliness. Health Grooming. Exercise Needs. See Dogs With Low Intensity. Vital Stats: Dog Breed Group:. Chinese Cresteds are a small breed suitable for many kinds of dwellings, including apartments. A genetic link exists between dominant hairlessness and missing teeth. It is not a sign of "bad breeding" but simply goes along with the breed. A Chinese Crested should not be left out in the yard alone or be left off-leash on walks. Tiny as he is, large dogs could view him as prey. He can easily escape through fences, and he can jump even high ones.
Although Chinese Cresteds do well with children, the age and personality of the children should be taken under consideration before getting a one of these dogs. They can be hurt easily because of their tiny size. The fact that he's an exotic-looking dog might draw you to a Chinese Crested, but understand that they can be as temperamental as the next dog — and more so than some breeds. They have a stubborn streak. Chinese Cresteds will bark and behave like miniature guard dogs.
Health and Preventive Care
If you want a quieter breed, look elsewhere. Chinese Cresteds are companion dogs and prefer to be with their owners and families. They cannot be left outside alone and will climb and dig to escape confinement if separated from their owners. They can also suffer from separation anxiety , which may make them destructive when they're left alone for too long. Proper socialization is necessary for the Chinese Crested since they can become timid and fearful of people. Chinese Cresteds are relatively clean and are low- to nonshedders. To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store.
Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments. Dental Issues: These tend to crop up due to a genetic link that exists between dominant hairlessness and missing teeth. The Hairless Crested has small, peglike teeth that can slope toward the front of the mouth and cause problems; the Powderpuff has normal toy breed dentition. The Hairless often lose many teeth by the tender age of two or three.
Some Hairless require canned food, while others eat kibble with no problem, as does the Powderpuff. Progressive Retinal Atrophy PRA : This is a family of eye diseases that involves the gradual deterioration of the retina. Early in the disease, affected dogs become night-blind; they lose sight during the day as the disease progresses. Many affected dogs adapt well to their limited or lost vision, as long as their surroundings remain the same. Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: This condition involves the hip joint. If your Crested has Legg-Perthes, the blood supply to the head of the femur the large rear leg bone is decreased, and the head of the femur that connects to the pelvis begins to disintegrate.
The first symptoms, limping and atrophy of the leg muscle, usually occur when puppies are four to six months old. Surgery can correct the condition, usually resulting in a pain-free puppy. Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca: Known as "dry eye," it's exactly what the name implies: an inflammation and dry eye.
It occurs when there's a deficiency in the water portion of the tear film. For example, destructive chewing. Early and frequent socialization will help build a confident, stable temperament. Though independent and somewhat willful, he is also bright and responds reasonably well to the discipline he needs to control his inquisitive activities. Unfortunately, housebreaking is very difficult.
The Classy Puppy Sam - Blue Eyed, Chinese Crested Puppies
Unneutered males are especially challenging, as they are inclined to excessive marking of territory i. Keep in mind that the inheritance of temperament is less predictable than the inheritance of physical traits such as size or shedding. Temperament and behavior are also shaped by raising and training. Chinese Crested puppies are not suited to young children, no matter how well-meaning the child. Children cannot help being clumsy, and that a child meant well is little solace to a Chinese Crested puppy who has been accidentally stepped on, sat on, rolled on, squeezed, or dropped onto the patio.
Even Chinese Crested adults may feel overwhelmed by the loud voices and quick movements that children can't help making -- and stress and shyness even defensive biting may be the result. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs. Dog training videos. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy or adult dog when you can see the correct training techniques in action. The current name of the breed likely comes from their use on Chinese ships to eradicate the rodent population.
In the s, the "Crest Haven" kennel was formed and began to purposefully breed and record the lineages of her Chinese Crested dogs. These two lines are the true foundation of every Chinese Crested alive today. Although the Chinese Crested comes in two varieties — Hairless and Powderpuff — it is the Hairless variety that most people picture when they think of the breed.
In addition to their unique appearance, there are several interesting facts about these loyal little dogs you may not be aware of. The Hairless variety is genetically dominant to the Powderpuff. Within a single litter of Chinese Crested puppies you may find both varieties. As odd as it may seem, the genes that create the distinctive hairless appearance are actually dominant to those of the more mainstream Powderpuffs. This hair should be kept shaved back in order to keep the skin healthy, meaning that they require a good bit of grooming. They do not need to use sunblock or moisturizer.
The skin of a Chinese Crested is most likely to stay healthy if no products are applied at all. However, bi-weekly bathing is recommended. T-shirts help protect Cresteds from sun damage and veterinarians can recommend products for skin conditions like acne if needed. The breed is believed to have originated in Africa, but a close genetic tie with the Mexican Hairless Dog has also been identified.
The dogs likely got their name from having been used as ratters on Chinese ships around the 13th century.