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This is how the whole scheme of things works.


All good things are difficult to achieve; and bad things are very easy to get. If your plan is for one year plant rice.

114 Confucius Quotes That Represent His Moral Doctrine

If your plan is for 10 years plant trees. If your plan is for years educate children. By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest.

The dominant view is that human nature is innately good but is corrupted due to our failings. With effort, each of us can perfect it and recover the original goodness. This, in fact, is the goal of all learning—to discover our universal human nature and live a worldly life in accord with it—the Way of the Heaven, or simply, the Way.

A clear implication is that recovering our innate nature will lead to inner peace and social harmony. Furthermore, the canon considers all men to be equal in their moral capacities and that any person can become a sage, or at least a superior man. That men may not pursue the path of self-improvement did trouble Confucius, as in his pithy but despairing remark that he had "never seen a man who loved virtue as much as sex". Yet, he never lost his faith in the transforming and sustaining power of education.

Confucius believed that cultivation of the self lies at the root of social order, which in turn is the basis for peace and political stability. Worthy men, he said, were under no obligation to serve unworthy rulers, and must be prepared to sacrifice their lives in defense of principle. For instance, he must possess five virtues: benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and trustworthiness. He must use nine standards to administer the empire:. Centuries later, in early 2nd millennium CE, the impact of Buddhism, Taoism, and other social transformations led to what we now call Neo-Confucianism.

While it mainstreamed the Taoist concepts of chi , yin and yang , and tai-chi , Neo-Confucianism also took a turn for the worse, taking a more hierarchical view of society.

12 famous Confucius quotes on education and learning - OpenLearn - Open University

For instance, it expounded on five social relationships and the conduct appropriate for each: ruler and ruled, son and father, younger brother and older, wife and husband, friend and friend. It advocated submission to authority, loyalty and obedience, orthodox family values, filial piety, thrift and hard work. Confucius, almost certainly, would have disapproved. Like Chinese food in India, Buddhism altered its flavor in China. Despite their shared agnosticism and focus on this world, the primacy of the individual spiritual quest, detachment, and monasticism in Buddhism posed a threat to Confucianism.

What therefore arose in China was a "Confucianized" Buddhism. And just as Hinduism borrowed from and then marginalized Buddhism in India, Neo-Confucianism marginalized Buddhism in China, not the least because it was a " foreign faith" though it would not disappear as completely as in India. The Confucian canon, notably, was a vital part of the curriculum of China's civil services exams for years until This China-wide administrative system which likely shaped the British model in India helped forge cultural homogeneity and common social values, reduce political regionalism, and build a common identity that made possible the Chinese nationalism of the twentieth century.

Not surprisingly, this came at a price.

60 Confucius quotes about life, love, and wisdom to inspire you

Brainy Understand Remember Know. The strength of a nation derives from the integrity of the home. Strength Home Integrity Nation. The expectations of life depend upon diligence; the mechanic that would perfect his work must first sharpen his tools. Life Work Perfect Expectations.

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If I am walking with two other men, each of them will serve as my teacher. I will pick out the good points of the one and imitate them, and the bad points of the other and correct them in myself. Myself Good Teacher I Am. Silence is a true friend who never betrays. Old age, believe me, is a good and pleasant thing. It is true you are gently shouldered off the stage, but then you are given such a comfortable front stall as spectator. Good Me You Age. Wherever you go, go with all your heart.

Heart You Travel Your. If you think in terms of a year, plant a seed; if in terms of ten years, plant trees; if in terms of years, teach the people. Future You People Think. I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand. Brainy Forget Understand Remember. To know what you know and what you do not know, that is true knowledge. Knowledge You True Know.

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