A survey reveals that In a press conference to present the Report on Antisemitism in Spain during , Jacobo Israel, president of the FCJE, and Esteban Ibarra, president of the Movement against Intolerance, warned especially about the racist and xenophobic expressions spread via Internet. Jacobo Israel and Esteban Ibarra have explained that is impossible to account in numerical form for the growth of Antisemitic acts and opinions in recent years, as much because many are not reported and because they are enveloped in a general concept of xenophobia and not extracted.
Ibarra has affirmed that each year there are some 4, racist incidents in Spain. Jacobo Israel referred to the survey carried out by Casa Sefarad last year, in which There is no other similar survey in our country, so we cannot compare the evolution of opinions against Jews. In that poll, Are Jews blamed for the crisis , like the groups of immigrants have been?
They have also demanded that there be Public Prosecutors specializing in hate crimes and antisemitism in all the autonomous community currently they only exist in the provincial courts of Madrid and Barcelona. It is a minority, fortunately. On the Internet, impunity appears to prevail. The Internet challenge is serious. They commit many crimes and also racist crimes. We cannot allow it. In Germany they recognize 24, incidents and hate crimes, and in Great Britain they recognize almost 60, The subject is serious and has produced irreparable cases, with homicides I discuss in the book.
Through the Internet, they create an atmosphere of hate and later organized groups of Skinheads and neo-Nazis go out to commit these outrages. The Internet is fundamental in creating an environment of intolerance. It is not a problem of first the Spanish and second everyone else. Equal treatment is the principle that inspired the Treaty of the European Union. We cannot renounce it because that would be to open the doors to a society where some people are slaves to others.
They have managed to get democratic parties to accept their approaches. There exists the danger of xenophobic populism and the danger of the configuration of ultra-right formations. A ghost is running around Europe, the specter of xenophobic populism who dangerously feels the totalitarian tsunami that wants to destroy historic democratic achievements, especially those toward universal human rights. The new extreme right continues its long march toward the institutions in all European countries, encouraging intolerance and hate, contaminating parties and democratic institutions across Europe.
The spectacular electoral rise in Austria, Sweden, and Holland confirms it, joining the consolidated Le Pen Marine in France, the hard ultra-right Jobbik in Hungary, the Northern League in Italy, the BNP in Great Britain, or the Islamophobes in Switzerland; options that appear to have been constructed in the same laboratories as European neo-fascism. In a scene of economic crisis, the rise in xenophobic prejudice and harassment towards immigration are served. In addition, the impact is even greater if the economic crisis, originated by the model and dynamic of accumulation of capital and not by immigrants, is added to a crisis of the progressive democratic project and the sustainability of the welfare state.
We speak of evidence. The rejection by a large part of the population to share equal treatment in cases of employment, health, education, and all sorts of assistance comes stated not only in official polls, but also shows in discriminatory situations and harassment in everyday life. In this context, the organized xenophobic offense gets their best results unfolding their underlying strategy which, beyond the hostility of the chosen scapegoats, directly attacks democratic cohesion and the integral coexistence of diversity, through a perverse use of whatever sort of social conflict is generated by the phenomenon of immigration, religious pluralism, and social or cultural diversity.
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With xenophobic propaganda and intolerant speech, they present two realities, one of welfare state and the other of immigration, one of the West and the other of Islam, as irreconcilable, shown by an extremist campaign in Sweden. Xenophobic populism gives simple answers to complex realities to mobilize the maximum number of votes through the use of unrealistic promises, always fallacious and opportunist in nature.
But the reality, as Berlusconi has already done, is that they expel family with elderly or children, through threat and force, throwing them out of the places they live, reported skillfully by the European Justice Commissioner, Viviane Reding.
The fallacies of invasion, of the unlimited use by foreigners of health and education resources, unemployment, and other rights, which protect all workers, they indicate immigrants as predators of the insufficient welfare state in Spain. A deep-rooted intolerance makes difference and diversity its enemies, creating potential objects of aggression carried out by neo-Nazi groups born from hatred and the fanatical recruitment of sanctuaries of intolerance, such as the ultras groups in soccer.
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An intolerance which engages with the same racism as always against the gypsy community and with the everlasting discrimination towards vulnerable groups such as homosexuals, disabled persons, or the homeless, growing in every direction, in all its expressions and with all its pernicious manifestations; xenophobia, which will never be democratic although the social majority votes for it, grows.
Xenophobic activity in recent years has received strong stimuli from the electoral results of ultra-right formations in this disoriented Europe. The neo-Nazi infection in the new xenophobic ultra-right is more than evident. Through the Internet, on web pages, blogs, forums, and social networks, accompanied by a dynamic of semi-clandestine concerts allowed, they propagate hate. The comings and goings to international demonstrations, the obscenity present in soccer from the ultras displaying their fascist symbolism, and the continued distribution of propaganda along with indoctrination conferences that humiliate victims, evidence the lack of defense for democracy in various European countries.
The alarm has reached the Council of Europe, the OSCE, and the Ombudsman of the European Union as they demonstrated in Barcelona, but the concrete demand has come from the United Nations and their Special Rapporteur who asked just this year that the States party to the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination fulfill their international obligations declaring as acts punishable under the law all spread of ideas based on superiority or racial hatred, any incitation to discrimination, any attendance to racist activities, including financing such activities, declaring illegal and forbidden the organizations, the activities organized for propaganda, and anything which promotes or incites racial discrimination.
We are living in a moment for urgent and profound involvement. Open season. Anything goes in sports, or rather in soccer. The solution is simple. Buy a ticket for a soccer game and you can insult, scream, and wish death upon whoever you want with no extra charge. While we were hypocritically shocked at the death of a San Lorenzo fan in Buenos Aires, in Spain we attend a parade of performances from uncivilized people who turn up at stadiums to hurl insults without consequence, the first step to more serious actions. The first people who can act on the shouts and insults coming from the stands are the referees.
The directors of the Federation told the referees that they should reflect in their reports any sort of insult , whether racist or not, that is produced during a game. They were ignored. To date, no club has been sanctioned by the Competition Committee of the Federation for similar situations. It is a chain reaction. Sources from the Federation spoken to by El Confidencial think all that will change when a referee, by his own decision or that of a player, suspends a game for the insults coming from the crowd.
There are not many referees who dare to put any sort of mention in their report. Pino Zamorano, in the Second Division, dared to do it in a game between Betis and Cartagena last season. In a game against Zaragoza, the Cameroonian decided to walk off after repeated shouts from the stands imitating a gorilla. Only the intervention of his Barcelona teammates stopped him from leaving the field mid-game.
It happened in Cagliari, and the game was suspended for three minutes. Just like in Spain. The problem is that it is not applied, at least not as it is intended to be. The law allows referees to suspend any sort of athletic event where there are racist insults or insults against the honor of the athletes or officials. It considers as well fines ranging from to , Euros or even prison. Also, obviously, prohibition from attending any sports arena.
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What happens is that if there is no report, there is no possibility for punishment. The Antiviolence Commission has proposed punishments for fans or clubs who do not follow the regulations, but always after police reports. Now the question is clear: Why does soccer look the other way? In basketball, there have already been games stopped for insults against the officials.
They needed no more reason. The curious thing is that the players are working to show their solidarity. These positive developments need to be strengthened and stimulated, since discrimination and victimisation still remain far too widespread. At the same time, levels of reporting by victims of racist assaults, threats or serious harassment and awareness of how to access redress mechanisms remains low.
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This creates a situation of social exclusion and, in some cases, leads to open hostility and violence. In particular, our findings highlight recurring forms of stigmatisation of Roma communities in public discourse. However, a coordinated response at the European level is needed to address the cross-border dimension of the problems that these people experience.
El coste anual de estos 63 fiscales exclusivos asciende a 4. Asimismo, la D. The foundation provides funds to minority and religious groups to promote religious freedom and dialogue, but does not finance worship services. During the year, the Foundation funded projects such as conferences on religious diversity, research about minority religions in Spain, and cultural projects to increase knowledge of religions in society. Sus allegados son obligados a viajar una media de 1. Doctrina del Tribunal Constitucional. En fueron detenidos en Madrid los jefes de los Latin King.
Se sigue llevando el Plan Director para la convivencia y mejora de la Seguridad Escolar. Spain Voluntary Pledge The information provided on this page is valid as of 2 April Pursue and intensify its cooperation with countries interested in combating the phenomenon of terrorism by strictly respecting its bilateral and multilateral commitments. Reconsider, in the same spirit of openness, the possibility of ratifying the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, in accordance with paragraph Reinforce measures aimed at ensuring, during this period of crisis, effective protection of the human rights of migrants, and take additional measures to guarantee access to economic, social and cultural rights for migrants, who are the primary victims of the high level of unemployment in Spain.
Spain Spain. Adopt measures aimed at ensuring the equal treatment of migrants, regardless of their migratory situation. Recognize the competence of the Committee established under the Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance. Reinforce due-process safeguards for detainees imprisoned for conduct allegedly related to terrorism or to the operation of armed groups.
Develop a national plan of action on eliminating violence against women.
Include in its legislation a definition of sex trafficking in line with international law. Address the distinction made between Spanish and foreign nationals to the detriment of the latter group when remanding custody during investigations. Address, in a comprehensive manner, the rise of negative attitudes towards immigrants as reported in the Spanish Racism and Xenophobia Report.
Continue developing awareness-raising measures in educational policies in fighting gender-based violence in order to tackle the deeply rooted stereotypes vis-a-vis women. Continue its cooperation with civil society organizations in the follow-up to this review.
Ensure that access to legal assistance upon detention is not delayed, that detainees have the possibility to communicate with a lawyer in private and that they are brought in front of a judge within 72 hours, as stipulated by law. Ensure that all victims of gender-based violence have effective access to appropriate resources, including legal assistance and protection measures. Review the use of incommunicado detention for offences involving terrorists or armed gangs, which may last for up to 13 days. Develop a national action plan against racism and xenophobia.
Improve measures to ensure the timely detection and investigation of cases of police abuse. Continue its efforts to curb violence against women and to eliminate their stereotyping role in the society. Continue to pursue open migration policy and regularize existing migrants with irregular status. Eliminate all forms of discrimination against the Roma community, migrants and religious minorities, and take necessary measures against the perpetrators of racially motivated acts against migrants and ethnic and religious minorities.
Consider the possibility to amend the criminal code to criminalize the trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Continue its efforts to guarantee the rights of women and to eradicate gender discrimination, and pay special attention to combat gender- motivated violence against migrant women. Take all appropriate measures that serve the interests of the welfare and development of child migrants, who should have been guaranteed all rights provided for in national legislation and international law.
Pursue its efforts related to the fight against racism and xenophobia by establishing, with a calendar for concrete action, a national and complete strategy for combating racism and xenophobia, as announced in its first national Human Rights Plan. Respond to all recommendations set out in the report of the Ombudsman relating to the protection of the interests of minors having behavioural problems and in difficult social situations - pay more specific attention to the rights of such minors to have appropriate educational and medical support - and effectively implement an internal common regulation and an efficient inspection system in centres to prevent and combat abuse.
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Establish a mechanism guaranteeing the correct identification of victims of the trafficking in persons and provide them with adequate and comprehensive support, especially in the case of minors. Formulate and implement a national action plan against racism and xenophobia, with ample participation on the part of civil society and input from the Spanish observatory on racism and xenophobia. Include immigrant women in irregular situations in all policies aimed at the prevention of and protection against gender violence. Implement the human rights goals adopted in resolution of the Human Rights Council.
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Strengthen policies that guarantee the human rights of migrant workers. Strengthen policies that guarantee the prevalence of human rights in combating terrorism. Strengthen the policy of promoting children rights, with special attention to the trafficking in women and children. Continue its untiring efforts against the execution of the death penalty - and wishes Spain success with the Prime Minister's initiative which is aimed at achieving the immediate abolition of the death penalty for minors and persons with disabilities, and at achieving a global moratorium by Accelerate efforts, under the Organization Act No.
Reinforce its efforts to protect the rights of prisoners in police custody, including by duly investigating reports of ill treatment, prosecuting those responsible for confirmed abuses, and taking other appropriate preventive and corrective measures. Strengthen work with the European Union and international partners to combat human trafficking, with a policy of prevention as a priority for its work plan. Undertake a review of its readmission agreements with respect to refugees and asylum-seekers, and amend them as necessary to ensure that they contain human rights guarantees in line with international standards.
Continue to make efforts to implement and apply the Historical Memory Act. Continue to support the Support Fund for the Admission, Integration and Education of Immigrants, as well as to support the work of various civil society organizations that work in favour of immigrants and that receive public funds to that end. Nosotros hemos sido siete hermanos, de los siete hermanos apenas hemos vivido tres.
Si quieren hablar de defender la bandera boliviana, primero que vayan al cuartel. Nadie va a humillarme diciendo que no defendemos la bandera boliviana. Hemos servido a la patria, hemos cumplido con el deber de la patria. Fue pintor, beisbolista, estudiante y soldado:. Siempre todo lo he hecho por amor. Por amor al saber, al estudio, me fui de mi pueblo querido a estudiar. Por amor al deporte me hice pelotero. Por amor a la patria me hice soldado. Despedirse de los hijos, darles un beso, y con cuidado para que no despertaran. Por patriota. Uribe es admirado por sus electores, quienes le profesan su afecto y agradecimiento.
Una de las electoras dice:. Lo queremos, lo adoramos. Los tres dicen amar profundamente a su patria. El caso de Uribe es especial. Los populismos apelan, es decir, recurren a la autoridad del pueblo. Se trata de material audiovisual que forma parte de mi base de datos. Samuel hace referencia a Samuel Doria Medina, otro excandidato presidencial en el mismo proceso, por Unidad Nacional.
Bobbio, Norberto. Canovan, Margaret. Trust the people! Populism and the two faces of democracy. Political Estudies Capdevilla, Arantxa. El discurso persuasivo. Valencia: Aldea Global. Politics as text and talk. Analytic approaches to political discourse. Filadelfia: John Benjamins B. Coronil, Fernando. De Ipola, Emilio. De la Torre, Carlos. En Vox populi. Julio Aibar Gaete, De la Torre, Cristina.
Di Tella, Torcuato. Dornbusch, Rudiger y Sebastian Edwards. The macroeconomics of the populism. En The macroeconomics of populism in Latin America, eds. Rudiger Dornbusch y Sebastian Edwards, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Dussel, Enrique. Freidenberg, Flavia. Galindo, Carolina. Revista de Ciencias Sociales Barcelona: Gedisa.