Glueck wrote about the wonder of exploring the ancient ruins of the Promised Land and finding confirmation after confirmation of the truthfulness of this incomparable book, the Holy Scriptures. Acquaint yourself with the needs and fears, the moods and manners, of the broken array of peoples and civilizations that appeared at intervals along the horizon of time and, in a general way, you will know in advance where to look for the clues they left behind in the course of their passage.
And above all, read the Bible, morning, noon and night, with a positive attitude, reading to accept its historical references. And then go forth into the wilderness of the Negev and discover, trite as it may sound, that everything you touch turns into the gold of history, and that it is almost impossible not to stumble across the treasures of a robust past, whose existence becomes as real and as full of content and color and sound and fury and the thrill of progress and the pity of failure as the transient present, which is always ticking away so furiously to join the throng of those that need no longer hurry.
The last point is that Jerusalem becomes a really major town only after the destruction of Lachish in b. Its very difficult to talk about a united monarchy [under David and Solomon] in the tenth century b. From their skeptical standpoint, they automatically reject every biblical statement unless it is verified by multiple pagan historical or archeological sources. However, a logical question arises. Modern anthropologists admit that nearly always there is some historical event behind every tradition.
Trabajando Con Los Angeles: Fluyendo con Dios en lo Sobrenatural (Spanish Edition)
This article contained interesting archeological evidence about ancient Jerusalem including a reference to the Tell el Amarna Letters. Although I had read a summary of these letters years ago, I was delighted to acquire an excellent copy and translation of these vital ancient documents from a rare-book dealer several weeks ago.
It was fascinating to read these letters by the pagan king of Jerusalem during the time of the conquest of the Promised Land. These thirty-five hundred-year-old clay tablets included diplomatic letters that were written in the 14th century b. This valuable library of government documents includes more than three hundred diplomatic letters written by the governors or kings of Canaan to the Egyptian pharaoh who ruled Canaan as a province of the Egyptian-controlled territory in Palestine and Syria.
The dates when these Egyptian pharaohs ruled are widely accepted. The most important portion of the letters for biblical scholars include six diplomatic messages sent from the King of Jerusalem, who ruled Canaan present-day Israel and the West Bank. These letters are incredibly valuable for the detailed historical evidence they provide about the situation in Canaan at the approximate time of the conquest of the Promised Land under the leadership of Joshua and Gideon, according to the biblical record found in Joshua and Judges. The Tell el-Amarna Tablets provide invaluable independent information about historical conditions in Canaan.
Written by several kings who ruled their provinces and cities under the rule of Egypt, these letters are of vital importance to scholars because they describe conditions in Canaan only one or two generations after the Exodus at the very time the Bible tells us the conquest of the Promised Land occurred. At the time of this correspondence, Jerusalem and other cities of Canaan were ruled by local kings under ultimate Egyptian control. Jerusalem itself was ruled by a local dynasty which passed the crown from father to son.
Other sources refer to these local rulers of city-states as kings. In most of these letters, the king of Jerusalem appeals desperately, and without success, for troops and archers from his overlord, the pharaoh of Egypt. Apparently at this time, the pharaoh ruling Egypt was distracted from defending his province of Canaan against the invaders who were attacking the cities under the control of the king of Jerusalem. Apparently Akhenaten ignored military defense because he was focussed solely on creating a new religion in Egypt to worship the sun god.
Consider the powerful historical evidence provided in these six letters from the king of Jerusalem to his overlord, the king of Egypt, that prove Jerusalem existed as a capital city during this critical historical period. So let the king care for his land. Let the king care for his land. The lands of the king, the lord, have all deserted. Ilimilku has devastated the whole land of the king. The Habiru plunder all lands of the king. If archers are here this year, then the lands of the king, the lord, will remain; but if archers are not here, then the lands of the king, my lord, are lost.
Therefore he cannot abandon the lands of Urusalim. This will be the fate of the land. Abdi-Hiba, the king of Jerusalem, indicated the significance of his kingdom and capital in his description of his gift of over five thousand slaves to his Egyptian overlord. If Jerusalem was a small, insignificant town, its king would not have had a military victory that afforded him the opportunity to send a gift of five thousand prisoners captured from his enemies.
The biblical minimalist scholars assert that during this period three centuries before King David and Solomon , Jerusalem was only a tiny, insignificant town, but their assertions have been proven to be false by the Amarna Letters of the Egyptian government. But now the Habiru are taking the cities of the king. No regent is left to the king, my lord; all are lost. Behold, Turbazu has been killed in the gate of Zilu, yet the king holds himself back. Behold, Zimrida of Lakisi - servants, who have joined with the Habiru, have smitten him. Letter of Abdi-Hiba, King of Jerusalem to the Pharaoh - Tell el Amarna Letter - Number 4 Other correspondence in the series of Tell el Amarna Letters indicates that the territory ruled by the king of Jerusalem at that time during the days of Joshua and Gideon included land extending from Hebron in the south to the town of Bethel in the north.
In addition, these letters indicate that the territory of the king of Jerusalem extended from the midpoint of present-day West Bank to the Jordan River. In conclusion, an analysis of the Tell el Amarna Letters clearly confirms that, in the 14th century b. The area encompassed a significant portion of the current West Bank as well as the areas to the west of Jerusalem. The letters confirm that the king of Jerusalem lived in a palace with a pagan temple and a full court of officials.
Most importantly, these records confirm that Jerusalem was sophisticated enough to possess court scribes who carried on a continuing diplomatic correspondence with neighboring states, including its overlord, Egypt. In addition, the letters confirm that couriers from Egypt carried on regular correspondence with the court of Jerusalem.
In conclusion, the powerful historical evidence from these ancient Egyptian Tell el Amarna documents provides one more strong link in the chain of evidence from sources outside the Bible that tends to confirm the historical accuracy of these biblical accounts. This undertaking was a truly phenomenal engineering task, especially when we consider the limited mining and surveying knowledge as well as the primitive tools, available to Jewish engineers in the 8th century b.
An inscription describing this undertaking reveals that the leader of the project ordered two groups of miners to begin digging toward each other from opposite ends of the tunnel. The reason for attempting the very difficult task of trying to bore through so much solid rock in the hope of meeting in the center rather than simply working from one end only, must have been the fear of an impending invasion of Jerusalem.
Kaye and I have walked underground in this engineering marvel, and have witnessed proof of the incredible accuracy of the historical accounts recorded in the Holy Scriptures. The tunnel inscription was written in ancient classical Hebrew on a plaque located near the pool. This is the story of its cutting. While the miners swung their picks, one towards the other, and when there remained only 3 cubits to cut, the voice of one calling his fellow was heard - for there was a resonance in the rock coming from both north and south. The height of the rock above the head of the miners was cubits.
The engraving was carved out of the base rock that formed the side of the ancient excavated tunnel. After its discovery, it was removed by the Turkish authorities to their capital of Istanbul in It was forgotten and laid aside as an unknown inscription until an Israeli archeologist visited the museum and recognized that the engraved stone was incredibly valuable, the long-forgotten Hezekiah Tunnel inscription. He alerted the museum curator to the fact. This priceless inscription from the past can now be seen in an exhibit in an archeological museum in Istanbul, Turkey.
Edgar Allan Poe - The Sleeper lyrics + Spanish translation
It is interesting to look back in Church history to view the attitudes toward the authority of the Bible expressed by the great men of faith in past generations. Professor Kenyon wrote that Christians can welcome the results of continued archeological research because the continuing evidence produced from the digs in the Middle East has strengthened our confidence in the total accuracy of the Word of God. It is therefore legitimate to say that, in respect of that part of the Old Testament against which the disintegrating criticism of the last half of the nineteenth century was chiefly directed, the evidence of archaeology has been to re-establish its authority, and likewise to augment its value by rendering it more intelligible through a fuller knowledge of its background and setting.
Archaeology has not yet said its last word; but the results already achieved confirm what faith would suggest, that the Bible can do nothing but gain from an increase of knowledge. Bruce is a leading researcher in the area of biblical studies. An underlying attitude and prejudice of the liberals is that they deny that the four Gospels were written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, all eyewitnesses and contemporaries of Jesus and the people who were present during the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth.
In denying the claims of the New Testament writers that they were actually recording events in which they participated, these liberal scholars suggest that the claims of the New Testament regarding the virgin birth, and the resurrection of Jesus, as well as His teachings and miracles, can be dismissed as imaginary creations of editors far removed from the historical events they describe. The scholars call the period between the death of Christ and the writing of the Gospels the formative period. The popular German Tubingen school of thought or theory is that the Gospels were edited by unknown Christian redactors to create new theological statements that Jesus never uttered.
They suggest that these Gospel accounts were mainly myths or religious legends that developed during the lengthy interval between the lifetime of Jesus and the time these accounts were set down in writing. While this attitude is extremely widespread in liberal universities and seminaries, the evidence produced in the last fifty years provides powerful proof that the Gospel writers were eyewitnesses and contemporaries of Jesus of Nazareth.
The continuing historical research provides overwhelming proof that the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke were written within forty years of the Cross. The importance of this fact cannot be overestimated. Archeologists had discovered numerous early papyri manuscript portions of the four Gospels in Egypt and Syria that were written between a.
These early manuscripts closed the gap between the time of the Cross and the previously known Gospel manuscripts from the second century. Professor William F. Albright wrote the following: The excessive skepticism shown toward the Bible by important historical schools of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, certain phases of which still appear periodically, has been progressively discredited. Discovery after discovery has established the accuracy of innumerable details and has brought increased recognition to the value of the Bible as a source of history. As critical study of the Bible is more and more influenced by the rich new material from the ancient Near East we shall see a steady rise in respect for the historical significance of now neglected or despised passages and details in the Old and New Testament.
If the Gospels were written and widely distributed within the lifetime of thousands of people who personally saw the miracles of the feeding of the five thousand and the resurrected Jesus then they must be true historical accounts. In another interview with Christianity Today magazine in January , Dr. Therefore, even if this theory were correct, the Gospel tradition was still written by eyewitnesses and immediately read by people who personally knew Jesus and the apostles. If the Gospels contained imaginary or false information then Christianity would never have prevailed in light of the massive persecution of its followers.
Why would hundreds of thousands of Christians allow themselves and their beloved family members to die horribly in the Roman Coliseum when all they had to do to escape was to deny their faith that Jesus was God? It is inconceivable that these martyrs would die for their Christian faith if they held the slightest doubt as to the historical accuracy of the Gospel accounts that Jesus was the Son of God who had risen from the dead. The only possible way to explain the steadfast faith of these first-century believers is to acknowledge that they were totally persuaded of the truth of the Gospel account about Jesus of Nazareth.
Consider the confident faith represented by the apostle Paul in his inspired letter to the church at Rome, to people who lived in constant expectation of martyrdom. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
During the last year, I completed a detailed study of the research on the dating of New Testament documents in Redating the New Testament, written by Dr. John A. Robinson, the well respected lecturer at Trinity College, Cambridge. Robinson is an eminent critic of the New Testament period.
He concluded that the New Testament is the work of the actual disciples of Jesus and their contemporaries who worked in the early Church, and that, furthermore, every one of the New Testament books, including John, must have been written before a. He concluded that both Luke and Mark were written at some point before a. There was less time for legends to grow.
The author was nearer to his sources of information. But at any rate, since Luke the physician, the friend of Paul, wrote the two books, they cannot be thrown aside as second-century romances written to deify Jesus and to idealize Peter and Paul. The writer is so close to the facts of which he writes that he has to receive serious consideration to see if, after all, he has not drawn his characters to the life.
This species of fish belongs to the Cichlidae family and flourishes in this warm freshwater sea. The female St. As the brood of minnows begins to grow, she opens her mouth to let them out to swim around her from time to time. However, the mother fish opens her mouth again and quickly scoops them up whenever danger is present.
The mother will fast almost to the point of starvation to avoid the danger of inadvertently swallowing her young offspring. On account of her well-known maternal habits, the fishermen of Galilee call the female St. However, the mother fish often keeps a substitute in her mouth to perpetuate her habit of carrying her young. This habit of the fish to pick up items from the lake bottom in no way minimizes the miracle of our Lord.
Only the Son of God could have known that this particular fish would be carrying a shekel coin in its mouth. In the last century, the writer H. Hastings wrote about the astonishing survival and success of the Bible, despite centuries of attacks on its authority and accuracy. The Scriptures have withstood the blistering attacks of skepticism. Its circulation increases, and it is more loved and cherished and read today than ever before.
Infidels, with all their assaults, make about as much impression on this book as a man with a tack hammer would on the Pyramids of Egypt. John W. The Tell el-Amarna Tablets. New York: Meridian Books, New York: Meridian Books, 1. Chicago: Moody Press, Estas tabuas de argila de 3. Outras fontes referem-se a estes governantes locais das Cidades Estados como sendo Reis. Muitos estudiosos admitem que os "Habiru" foram provavelmente os conquistadores Israelitas, que se chamavam "Hebreus. As terras do rei, do Senhor, foram abandonadas. Ilimilku devastou a terra inteira do rei. O Habiru saqueou todas as terras do rei.
Tenho enviado ao rei, meu Senhor, presos, cinco mil, trezentos e dezoito presos para as caravanas do rei, eles foram levados aos campos iati perto de Ialuna. Eis que, Zimrida de Lakisi , servos, o qual se juntou aos Habiru, se bateram com eles. Depois de sua descoberta, ela foi removida pelas autoridades turcas para sua capital Istambul, em Ele alertou o curador de Museu para o fato.
O Professor William F. Robinson, muito respeitado professor no Trinity Colige, Cambridge. Houve menos tempo para lendas crescerem. Somente o filho de Deus poderia tendo sabido que este peixe especial poderia estar carregando uma moeda de shekel em sua boca. John w. Nelson Glueck, Explorando o sul da Palestina — Negev Os Manuscritos de Tell el-Amarna. Millar Burrows, O que significam estas pedras?
Pruebas Se utilizan diversos equipos de prueba para controlar las hojas y cuchillas circulares con el fin de garantizar la calidad del producto. Los materiales KS1 y KS2 han sido desarrollados de manera independiente y ofrecen excelente dureza, alta resistencia y soportan el desgaste. O eletrodo continua a refundir, criando o novo lingote do material refundido.
English to Portuguese: The strange life of Nikola Tesla. The only form of date identification is the name of the original purchaser, Arthua Daine? The book appears to be considerably older, made with typewriters, and then photocopied and stapled. The only other significant features of the booklet is that it contains four photocopied photographs of Tesla, and was originally forty pages long. I must apologise for the qualitty of the scans, but the originals were of very poor quality, and this is the best that could be obtained after touching-up in Photoshop.
The book has no Copyright identification, nor any means of contacting the publishers.
ISBN 13: 9789587370355
As far as I am aware, this autobiography is no longer available in printed form anywhere. In the interest of making this important text available to the wider public, I have retyped the entire text word-for-word as it originally appears into this electronic format. The only words which appear in this file, that are not in the original book are this Editors Note, and the Introduction. I have exactly maintained page numbers as they appear in the original — including the somewhat odd artifact of Chapter 1 starting on page two.
If anyone knows how to reach the original publisher, please contact me at the below address, so proper credit may be given where it is due.
Penner GEnie. It may not be sold or published for profit unless specifically authorised prior to publication by the express permission of Kolmogorov- Smirnov Publishing, or John R. He was the electrical engineer who invented the AC alternating current induction motor, which made the universal transmission and distribution of electricity possible. Tesla began his studies in physics and mathematics at Graz Polytechnic, and then took philosophy at the University of Prague. He worked as an electrical engineer in Budapest, Hungary, and subsequently in France and Germany.
The major advantage of this motor being its brushless operation, which many at the time believed impossible. Tesla moved to the United States in , where he worked for Thomas Edison who quickly became a rival — Edison being an advocate of the inferior DC power transmission system. During this time, Tesla was commissioned with the design of the AC generators installed at Niagara Falls.
George Westinghouse purchased the patents to his induction motor, and made it the basis of the Westinghouse power system which still underlies the modern electrical power industry today. He also did notable research on high-voltage electricity and wireless communication; at one point creating an earthquake which shook the ground for several miles around his New York laboratory.
He also devised a system which anticipated world-wide wireless communications, fax machines, radar, radio-guided missiles and aircraft. Yet his life and times have vanished largely from public access. It is the most important product of his creative brain. Its ultimate purpose is the complete mastery of mind over the material world, the harnessing of the forces of nature to human needs. This is the difficult task of the inventor who is often misunderstood and unrewarded. But he finds ample compensation in the pleasing exercises of his powers and in the knowledge of being one of that exceptionally privileged class without whom the race would have long ago perished in the bitter struggle against pitiless elements.
Speaking for myself, I have already had more than my full measure of this exquisite enjoyment; so much, that for many years my life was little short of continuous rapture. I am credited with being one of the hardest workers and perhaps I am, if thought is the equivalent of labour, for I have devoted to it almost all of my waking hours. But if work is interpreted to be a definite performance in a specified time according to a rigid rule, then I may be the worst of idlers. Every effort under compulsion demands a sacrifice of life-energy.
I never paid such a price. On the contrary, I have thrived on my thoughts. In attempting to give a connected and faithful account of my activities in this story of my life, I must dwell, however reluctantly, on the impressions of my youth and the circumstances and events which have been instrumental in determining my career.
Our first endeavours are purely instinctive promptings of an imagination vivid and undisciplined. As we grow older reason asserts itself and we become more and more systematic and designing. But those early impulses, though not immediately productive, are of the greatest moment and may shape our very destinies. Le abre acceso a los lugares celestials.
Atrae a los perdidos al reino. Desata se? Le permite gobernar territories e influenciar naciones para Cristo! Permita que las verdades de "Alabanza Prof? Help Centre. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Be the first to write a review. Sorry, the eBook that you are looking for is not available right now. Description eBook Details Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book!