The main beams were, with one exception, in good condition and were estimated by the builders to be about three hundred years old. These are retained. The beam above the Chancel Arch, which was much decayed, was found to contain a number of pellets from a shot-gun. This is said to be not uncommon in country churches, the shot being from the gun of some minister or parish clerk who sought to dislodge the birds nesting in the rafters!
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L, — A. Below the king post on this beam is a carved boss in the form of a wheel shaped medallion, probably conventional, but which might possibly be intended for the Tudor Rose. It has, however, been ruthlessly damaged to make room for one of the ceiling rafters. The north aisle was rebuilt in Bagsnaw, Esq. Shallcross Thos. Pickford Clarke Jno. Bennett workman The tower, south porch and south side are an of the Georgian period. Later authorities, however, have pronounced the Georgian work to be of bold character and excellent detail, and this is particularly true of the great archway under the tower formerly closed up by an Unsightly gallery and the organ, but now opened out—the base.
It must be admitted that the imposition of the Classic on the Gothic style is incongruous but at any rate it is not a sham restoration in the earlier style. The old tower or steeple was taken down in and the present tower was built a year or two later at the same time that the south side of the church was restored.
It will be noticed that the Elizabethan map at page 82 represents the church as cruciform in shape with a central tower surmounted by a spire with a south transept having a large circular window. Cox, whilst pointing out that its accuracy must be accepted with some caution, thought this sketch was practically a picture of the church as it was at that time and that the church was larger than it now is 1. With great respect to the learned antiquarian's opinion it is submitted that the view of the church in this old map is conventional only and should not be accepted as an accurate representation of the church as it was in the days of Elizabeth.
On the east end of the nave roof is a bell-cote of true Georgian type obviously put there in to replace an earlier one. This probably marks the position of a Sanctus Bell. It is said that well within living memory there was a bell in this cote which was removed to a house in the parish where it was used as a yard bell and there remained till, some years ago, it fell to pieces, apparently from old age.
The lead on the roof and south aisle bears inscriptions recording the eighteenth century repairs. The parapet on the south side of this aisle was also repaired in , partly with brick work, and in one place a portion of a gravestone, on which the dates May 9, , and Nov. The church possesses no ancient glass or monuments, and, with the exception of the Bowden Tomb, there is no sign that any such ever existed. In recent years, however, a number of windows have been filled in with memorial stained glass, all with one exception, in good modern style.
Prior to the Holy Table was a simple table of very plain oak. This no doubt is the table mentioned in the Wardens' accounts for This Table was in use till , when a new Table of oak was presented by Brig. Sir G. Slack his bill for varnishing Pictors in the church of Mosses and Eron. Sir Walter Besant, in an account of the church of. All Hallows the Great, Thames Street, London, describes similar pictures as forming part of the reredos, Moses on the right pointing to the Ten Commandments, and Aaron on the left in full pontificals.
When Dr. The Font, according to an old plan of once near the west end of the north aisle, is know in the Baptistery beneath the tower. It is of plain octagon construction and apparently of the fifteenth century. On one side is a shield carved with a quartrefoil. There is a tale that during the re-pewing of the Church in this font was temporarily put in the churchyard, and that a local lawyer, being unable to obtain payment for his charges and disbursements for obtaining the Faculty, took possession of the font, by arrangement with the Churchwardens and placed it in his garden where it remained for many years.
White A. Anno Domini There is now no trace or sign of the side chapel or altar dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, but there is ample evidence that it existed on the south side of the church in pre-reformation days, and indeed, probably later. We find various references to such a chapel in the first six decades of the sixteenth century and in seat assessments in and Stephen Bagsha, another witness to this will is described as Curate of chapel.
This last bequest has reference to the customary payment or exaction to which reference has been elsewhere made. It will be observed that this testatrix, although a non-parishioner, desired to be buried in the church, and her son Oliver Brocklehurst of the Haighe in the parish of Glossop in his will some eight years later expresses the wish to be buried as near his mother' s grave as may be. A similar direction is found in the win of Thomas Kyrke of Shireoakks in , and other cases could be mentioned. The very unusual custom which here obtained for the inhabitants of Chinley, Bugsworth and Brownside to bury not only in the churchyard but.
The plan of the graves within and without the church made in and now in the possession of Mr. The north aisle was formerly know as St. It was in existence when Reynolds visited the church in and it is much to be regretted that this, the only shown ancient monument in the church, was subsequently swept away—probably during the re-pewing in It is not, however, noticed by Rawlins who was here about For Bowden of Bowden Hall.
Woodroffe of Hope. Barnby of Barnby. Over this achievement is a shield of arms cut in Alabaster for Bowden only, and over the arms a crest which I think is a Hawk's or Eagle's Head erased 1. There is also a chest tomb of marble near the same being towards the N. Two sections of an alabaster slab on which some slender outline of coats of arms may be descried, now in the south porch, are believed to have been portions of the tomb seen by Reynolds.
He seems to have been in error as to a chantry on the N. At the west end of the Church are inscribed the names of the Incumbents since and of members of the Bramwell family, sextons since At the west end of the north aisle is a Stone Coffin of similar stone to that used in the building of the nave. When Reynolds saw it in it was used as a coping on the churchyard wall from which it was removed into the church about forty years ago. This coffin is about six feet long within and has a round hole near the middle at the bottom about four inches in diameter.
Its history is unknown but it is said that a similar coffin was once at the Thorn Tree Inn see p. The Churchyard has no outstanding feature. An examination of some old houses on the west side of the churchyard, now having entrances to Church Lane or church Gennell as it used to be caned suggests that these old dwellings at one time had their frontages to the churchyard. The Belfry contains six bells. When the present tower was built in six bells were hung. One was no doubt the Great Bell re-cast in ,; the other five were cast at Gloucester by the famous bell founder, Abraham Rudhall.
The treble, second and fifth bells bear the mark of Abraham Rudhall—a bell between the initials A. There is little doubt that one at. There have been numerous recent benefactions to the church and its furniture, amongst which may be mentioned two handsome Churchwardens' staffs, one presented by Mr. Until the opening of the seventeenth century we do not hear of much difficulty about the right of presentation to the Living, but James I had not long been on the throne when a controversy arose which existed at intervals for one hundred and fifty years.
There had been trouble in queen Elizabeth's time for the Dean and Chapter had on one occasion selected a Minister but withdrew him in place of the inhabitants' nomination of George Yeveley, a local man. Again about when one Slacke or Clarke appeared and said he had been appointed by the Countess of Shrewsbury and the Dean whereupon the. This intrusion was perhaps not so much the fault of the Dean as an attempt on the part of the imperious Countess of Shrewsbury the famous Bess of Hardwick to enforce a claim which she thought, or pretended, she had by reason of the estates and rights of the Priory of Lenton having come into the possession of her late husband Sir William Cavendish and it is highly creditable to those men of Chapel that they so calmly and finally confounded the old lady's machinations.
Since that time two other nominations had been accepted by the Dean and Chapter apparently without question, but early in Francis Barney the then minister desiring to resign, wished to procure the preferment of his brother Thomas Barney in his place and accordingly made application to the Dean Dr. Tooker and Chapter. The parishioners, however, standing on their rights nominated Edward Cresswell, B.
The Capitular authorities favoured Mr. Francis Bradshaw of. Ffulnetby also says he had asked Mr. Humphry Low is a little to blame about ye false rumour and soe much he shall know when wee meet. However the Dean and Chapter will be ready to requite your love in the matter and they will be in Chapel on Bartholomew Eve and it may bee will prove then, if I have been faulty about ye business let me be accused: if not I shall esteeme it but over much presemptoryness in those that are not at the charge of ye repair to soe busy in controulling and censuring that they have nothing to doe with.
High Peak. Both were reported as Papists. Humphry Low, churchwarden , was of the Alstonlee family. It is not clear whether the first of these letters was written before orafter the proceedings about the right of presentation were begun or what was Mr. Bradshaw's attitude in the matter but as he is the only leading man in the parish who does not give evidence in support of the parishioners' claim he was probably a supporter of Mr. We do not know whether Edward Cresswell was a member of one of the local families of that name; if, as in all probability he were, we can understand how the personal element would embitter the quarrel.
The parishioners began by a petition to the Chapter. A dilapidated copy of this petition is in the Church safe, written partly in English and partly in Latin. Tooker and the Chapter claiming the parishioners' right to present Edward Cresswell. A Commission to take evidence was issued to Randolph Ashenhurst Esq. Twelve witnesses were called for the inhabitants.
They all testified to the custom during their memory covering a period of fifty years and some spoke as to the dilapidated state of the chancel. The chief deponents were the Rev. The last named throws some light On how much, or how little, the general body of the inhabitants had had to do with the nominations. He says when the Benefice became void Mr. Browne, Mr. Bagshawe and himself or their ancestors have considered of a fit man for the said cure and that they and the rest of the said inhabitants or the greatest best or chiefest gentlemen and freeholders of the said inhabitants or parish have nominated a fit man and presented him to the Chapter.
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The nomination of Mr. Cresswell was held to be valid and by a writing under the Chapter Seal, signed by the Dean it was declared that for ever thereafter it should be lawful for the major or senior part of the parishioners to nominate an able and sufficient curate to read prayers and execute Divine Service and administer the Sacraments there and The Dean and Chapter should admit and licence the same curate.
At some period—there is no record as to how or when, but probably immediately after the Chapter's admission of the parishioners' right-a species of standing Committee of 27 Freeholders, nine from each Edge, was constituted—a wise precaution evidently intended to prevent any repetition of the former troubles.
This Committee were given or assumed the power to co-opt new members to fill vacancies and in due course of time actually acted as the patrons of the Benefice. Owing no doubt to the inadequacy of the stipend two ministers followed Edward Cresswell in rapid succession and the Parish Register notes on Feb. Although the Chapter had, as we have seen, admitted the parishioners' right of presentation, they still could not help interfering: in on the death of Mr. Cook, the Dean, Dr. Kimberley, thought the matter sufficiently important to require his personal attendance at the meeting which took place—not in the church but at the Royal Oak Inn.
There were three candidates on this occasion. The Rev. The next Minister got the Living by a trick which must have been. We are told that when Mr. Byron lay a-dying in February —8, Mr. Bardsley sent a man to bring him word when he did die and immediately on that notice he set out to Lichfield and got the place.
The mislaid paper must have been the Document sealed by the Chapter in which is still in the Church safe. However as it could not be Found a threatened law-suit was avoided and Mr. Bardsley's death in is to be believed he was a good parish priest and kept at least some of his promises. On Mr. Bardsley's death the Dean and Chapter again refused the Parishioners' nomination—the Rev. John Byron, M. After several journeys to Lichfield and incurring a good deal of expense the Capitular Authorities were induced to give way and thus ended their final attempt to over-ride the Parishioners' rights.
William Bagshawe of Ford writing to his. Their choice in this case seems to have been a good one for on Mr. Samuel Grundy, doubts were expressed as to the right of the twenty-seven Freeholders to nominate his successor and the opinion of Dr. Stephen Lushington being taken the Parishioners were advised that the right to nominate a minister was vested in all the parishioners above 21, assessed to Church and Poor Rates. This was substantially confirmed on two subsequent occasions and was followed in the succeeding nominations.
As we have seen, the next nomination will be made by the Parochial Church Council. A board, now in the South porch, sets out most of the story down to and a more fun account of the Church and its history and of the election of the various ministers with a list of the Incumbents will be found in Chapel Church. I N addition to the Duchy Rent Rolls our information as to medieval Chapel down to the close of the sixteenth century ischiefly derived from the Court Rolls preserved in the Public Record Office. Much of these rolls has been published by Mr.
Pym Yeatman in volume iii. Kerry in D. Space does not admit here of a full recital of all the particulars relating to Chapel and the reader is referred for full details to the works mentioned, to which the writer is much indebted. Eyres, as the Courts were called, were held by the Forest Justices whose duty it was to enquire into unauthorised appropriations of land and other offences against Forest law, and were held at irregular and often long intervals.
At these courts, which are said to have been the forerunners of the present Assizes, offenders were 'presented,' i. No Eyre was held between these dates, an important period for Chapel which was then coming Into being, At this Eyre, held before Geoffrey de Langley and. Bailiff apparently for keeping studs or horses at, amongst other places, Harald Halstead.
The woods of Horwick. Richard le Ragged. Smallgrass and another stole one stag in the forest. Bail for their appearance Rith de Astonleigh, Wm. Brurers of Little Birches. Simon de Weyley took a stag and gave Robert de Lexington then Bailiff 5 marcs to liberate him. Robert is dead and his heirs must answer for this. One of Simon's bondsmen is Wm. It must be remembered. From about onwards. Chapel parish began to be spoken of as Bowden Chapel or Chapel in the or en-le Frith.
Fabre Smith de Warnebroc, bail Rich. Wayfoot, Rad de Slac, Robt. The Abbot of Basingwerk, Rich. Assarts in Bowden John Malcave 6a.
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Ralf le Turner and Wm. Robt de Littlebirches dead 22a. Peter de Buggesworth dead Alice his widow tenant. In Combs. Wymund de Ford dead 8a, his son John Tenant. Elias de Baggscache dead 25a. Earl Ferrers received 25 s. Brian de Insula took s. Geoffrey de Hayley. Richard de Hayley, Geoffrey his brother tenant. John de Haselhurst dead Robt. William Braciator a brewer. Niger de Bowden, Orm de. Horden dead , Rad del Rugge Ridge Wm. Will Le Stockerd dead 25a, Hugo his son then tenant, Rich. Benet, Wm. The jury presented that: In Longdendale William Foljambe built four new houses in the Forest at Martinure, 3 to wit two granges and two bovices shippons or cattle sheds in which he had and nurtured 30 beasts.
Rich de Holm who is dead killed a doe in the forest on the Vigil of St. Peter ad Vincula in the eighth year. He might not have attained to priest's or deacon's orders and yet be styled a cleric.
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While he had some privileges he might not marry. Class 25 Bag F. This is the Roll referred to in D. William Foljambe is charged. William was committed to prison by Thomas de Furnival then Custodian of the Peak and took 4 marcs for his crime. Bail Thomas le Ragged of Berde, Richn de Shalcross and others and because they did not produce the said William they are in mercy.
William de Baggeshaw fined 40 s. Thomas Foljambe took one. Presentations made by Robert Bozon, a Forester, several Verderers and thirty men of the same forest among the latter Adam Olreshawe, Thos. Beavaumond of Wytlegh and Richard his brother are fined 5 marcs. Amongst others at Bowden : Elias fil Ralf de Bowden 2a. Courses 2A and in Berde 12a. Twenty persons are named as holding burgages or half burgages; amongst whom are William de Baggeshaw, Robt de Hausted, Wm.
Capella, Rich. It should be noted that these are presented for building without licence and therefore, if within the Borough boundary, they would not enjoy the privileges of the original twenty-seven. Silcock, Rich. Shackelcross, Wm. Marchinton, Wm. Roger Cocus had in Corcis. Nic de Rugg, Ric. Astonleigh, John of the same, John Wildknave 1 , Wm. Godknave, Wm. Gregory William Foljambe came before Thomas le Ragged then Bailiff and reported that Henry de Medwe Meadow took a doe with a certain black greyhound called. Henry denied this and retorted that the said William by himself and Gregory the brother of his wife and by others his servants and shepherds at Martynsyde, Weston and Wormhill destroyed about deer.
The jury found Henry guilty and he was fined s.
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Inquisitio ad quod Damnum at Fairfeld 1 , Amongst those present were:. Foresters of Longdendale. Nicholas de la Forde presented for building houses without licence: amongst others Reginald de Bouden erected a house at Bouden, Jordan de Baggeshawe, Ran de Bradshawe, Walter de Bradshawe. All fined and houses ordered to be thrown down. In this year a Lay Subsidy of One twentieth was levied on all moveable property, those owning less than 5 s. Of course the difference in money values. There were 21 taxpayers in Bowden Chapel, four of whom were Bagshawes. Hugo and Ric. Only four others in the whole county are assessed higher than this and only five at this figure.
This suggests that Richard was a fairly wealthy man for his day. In the Assise Roll for this year is the report of three men hung in chains just outside Chapel, who had been executed for robbery with violence. Forest Pleas at Tideswell. Venison trespass John Dykson, Foresters present included W m. Wodrove, Wm. Del Halle, Wm.
They presented, with a number of others, Arthur de Carrington for taking a stag at Edale. Pleas temp. Tenants then dead amongst others Thos. Wednesday after Epiphany— At Castleton. Pleas of debt Wm Herdroun v. Molte, Hy de Shaw—Bail. At Castleton Wm. Plumpton, heirs of Edward Foljambe, fil Wm. Halley, Christopher Needham, owed suit of Court. View of Frankpledge. Ashton, Jo. Mellor, W. Swaynson and Wm. Turnour for assault on Wm. Report of a murder at Colynhaye l. The Duchy of Lancaster being so territorially strong in North Derbyshire, Cheshire and Lancashire we find many local names; amongst them Christopher Bagshaw of Tideswell p.
Dykson, Hugh Gybson of Chapel, Jno. IV at Longstone. Frankpledge present Hugo Cresswell for assault on Roger Creswell. Bennett of Orlynshaw stole a cow worth 10 s. Bowden and an ox worth 12 s. Monday after the Feast of St. George the Martyr 23 April. At Castleton: Frank pledge present Saunder Blomhall is an eaves dropper by night. John Mellour, Jo. Dixon, Jo. Bradshaw, Jo. Olrenshaw, Wm. Elena Leake stole a flitch of bacon and some kercheles of the goods of John Torre of Martynside and Margaret, Widow of Richard Offerton aided and abetted her.
Mellor, Jo. Bradshaw of Combs. Mellor, Thos. Bowden, Robt. Olrenshaw, Nich. Ghotrell Jodrell , Thos. Worts, Robt. Oliver, Geo. Bagshaw for default of service. Item Rich. Bagshawe, Thos. Brokkley and Geo Dailly? Bailly for Brewing l. Cresswell affray on Thos. Greensmith, Geo. Redfern ditto on Philip Bramall. Same year.
John Fryth. Jury amongst others Nic. Allen, Rd. Bagshaw, Rad. Bagshaw, Robt. Hethcote, Hy. Gregory, Roger Daken. Creswell, Samp.
Showre, Wm. Gilbert affray On Robt. Orme, Rich. Tayler, Rad Botwer and Agnes Bokking. At Tideswell Jury presented Jo. Bennet of Lightburch, affray, Robt. Mosley and Wm. Carrington, Jo. Bennet, Thos. Crosley ditto Oll John Waynwright. Bagshaw of Chapel v Thos Alen.
Gybbe of Bagshaw v John Gybbe. VIII : Hy. Baile affray on Walter Lingard 1 Robt. Hadfield, Jo. Lees, Thomas Alen of Chapel. Redfern and on Karolus Bagshaw who drew blood on Henry Baile. John Crosley affray on Rad. Bowden, Edward Kirke, Wm.
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Jakson, Jo Goddard, Phil. Marchington present Ux. Silvester, Jo. Barnes, Robt. Hadfield, Wm. Benett, Alex. Cotterel, affray on Agnes ux Robt Hadfield, Rich. Barbour of. Malcoffe affray on Christr. View of. Frank pledge Jury amongst others Walter Marchington, Rich. Molte: Jo Shert: Geo. Needham, John Yonge. Frank pledge present Rad. Wylson affray on Jo. The foresters of Campana present Nich.
Molte for cutting down trees in Chinley. Yonge Frankpledge, present Thos. Bowden, Edmund and Jo. Barnes, Ottiwell Rydge. Ottiwell Bowden made affray on Robt. Needham who drew blood on them. Foresters of. Campana: Geo. Meverell per Thos. Revell, Deputy, Robt. Bagshaw per Thos. Foresters of Langdendale. Heirs of. Legh p. Kirke, Deputy. Robert Mosley of Lightburches, 8y. Lingard l. Great Court of Attachment at Chapel. Twenty-one persons fined from 2 d. There are a few records of the View o Frank Pledge in the seventeenth century. I5 Feb. Gibbe died and left a garden in Bagshaw the measurements given 8 d rent, Robett Wainwright is heir.
Little Court Baron at Chapel, Augt. George Shert surrendered a messuage with its appurtenances at Clough juxta Bettfield containing by estimation 3a and two parcels of land called Clough Croft to use of. John Shert filius and heir apparent and James Bretland. View of Frank Pledge at Buxton. Homagers say Nicholas Shotwell who held a cottage and croft in Bagshaw 27 yards x 12 an encroachment from the waste is dead and Nicholas his son and heir.
At Chapel. Humphrey and Ellena his wife, she examined apart from her husband and surrenders a cottage and croft in Staniforth Clough to use of Henry Haige Rent 7 d. Space only allows a short notice of each holding, but reference is given in many cases to authorities where the history may be followed up in more detail. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries a considerable proportion of the then enclosed land, both in Chapel and Glossop belonged to the Legh family. They sprang immediately from Whitfield and are said to have been a branch of the Leghs.
MSS , fo. Lightbirch was purchased from John Bradshaw of Bradshaw by Reginald Legh at the latter end of the fifteenth century but it is not clear how the Leghs became possessed of the other properties The Ashmolean MS. She died in 1. The D. Honford as holding land at Whitehough in and he is followed by Leghs down to In the will, dated 18th May,, of Ottiwell Kyrke of Shireoaks the testator speaks of his good master and landeslord the Right Worshipful Mr.
Legh and he bequeaths to him. This estate as it passed to Edmund Buckley in covered an area in the ancient parish from Old Turns along the east bank of the Goyt to the northern extremity of the parish. A great part is now the site of works and dwellinghouses. A family of Ashton later of Stodhart appear from old documents to have owned both Bings and Horwich at an early period.
They may have been connected with the Ashtons, lords of Ashton-under-Lyne, but we have no evidence as to this. In Wm. Ashton held lands late of Michael Almer Oliver at Bings. Ashton also held the land late of Matilda Berners at Horwich. Thomas Gisbome about Gisborne also made a new road from Greendale to Old Road and closed the old way, which took a sharp bend to Old Turns. A very old. John Gisborne acquired the estates of the Bagshawes of The Ridge in but his family had no home here till Mr.
Thomas Gisborne M. For many years he lived there with his brother Walter, and here took place the tragedy recalled in Chapter XI. During the second half of the nineteenth century the estate was gradually broken up, and afer the death in of the Hon. Griffiths, whose first husband was Mr. Thomas Guy Gisborne, the last of the Gisborne estate passed into other hands. Horwich House had been sold in to Mr. A district in the ancient parish on the west side of the road from Old Turns to Bugsworth. At a Wapentake on Monday 12 July, 23 Hen. Rent 2 d. Rolleston, Staffordshire and Francis Mosley of Ardwick, gent.
This Sir John Mosley was a Baronet of the second creation, an earlier creation to another branch of the family having become extinct. The second creation was made in and became extinct in Mosley Hall passed to Mr. Thomas Gisborne in Holland Watson, who does not appear to have resided at Mosley Hall, was a well-known antiquarian, and an obituary notice in The Times newspaper in states he was one of the oldest magistrates for Cheshire and Lancashire and had commanded the first volunteer corps raised in the former county.
In Thomas Gee of Lidgate purchased Lidgate and Silkhill but the latter soon passed to the Bennetts and eventually to the Buckleys. On the sale of the Buckley estates in Silkhill again passed to the Gees, being bought by a descendant of the former owner. This was one of the oldest settlements and in early days its owners must have been a family of some standing. The estate until the end of the seventeenth century appears to have comprised, in addition to the Ollerenshaw farms, one of the Tunstead farms and also Cadster and Fallhead, the latter probably in Fernilee. Gawdrell and Mich.
Welster and in by the heirs of Thomas Wilcote or Wilcoke. Since then it has passed through many hands. The present Hall is said to have been built, early in the last century, by a Mr. Thornhill who was a carrier and constructed large cellars for. In Tunstead, Cadster and Fallhead had also passed to Mr. Shallcross the two latter being described in his Settlement of that date as formerly part of Ollerenshaw and in were purchased by Francis Thomasson of Perry Foot, yeoman, who and whose descendants owned considerable property in the parish for many years they resided at Cadster and carried on the businesses of Tanners and Barytes Manufacturers.
They are now represented by the Harrison Rowson family, descended from Judith, sister of William Thomasson who died in Thomas Moult Mackellan the well-known writer. This property has now been broken up, part being submerged in the Combs Reservoir and other parts going to the farm lately named Haycrust and to The Cedars once known as Crossleys or New House, Steven Crosler, a husbandman was living at Tunstead Milton in In this belonged to some Jodrells who in the seventeenth century were know as Bagshaw alias Jodrell see p.
In a curious action was brought by the tenant, Anthonie Bennett against his landlords Edmund and Roger Jodrell, apparently claiming a possessory title. Part of the depositions with a very interesting and elaborate map are in the P. As the Jodrells remained owners for another. From these depositions one or two points emerge. Bennett consented but when they came thither the said Mr. It is apparently used as applying to land held on a perpetual rent. About Wilkin Hill passed to the Higginbottom, or Heginbotham, family.
This is one of the few estates in the parish which has passed to the present owner by descent or settlement never changed hands by purchase, It has been said that first Bradshaw came from Lancashire and gave his name to the place and, on the other hand, that he took his name from the estate, which signifies Broad glade.
Prior to the Bradshaws also owned Lightbirch which was sold to Reynold Legh, a sale the cause of much litigation as Legh claimed to have bought, in addition, the Hollow Meadow which adjoins Crossings Road , but this claim was eventually defeated. In this Roll Walter de Bradshawe who was then dead is stated to have assarted 9 acres in Bowden, and his son Walter had built a house in Bowden which Mr.
Bowles suggested was the site of the present Bradshaw Hall. The Hall was rebuilt by Francis Bradshaw, High Sheriff of Derbyshire in , whose initials with those of his wife, Barbara, a Cheshire Davenport, and the date may be seen on a stone built into one of the farm buildings, and his arms and initials and the date are carved on the gateway, still in good preservation, on the north side of the house. Bradshaw Bowles, Esq. The Hall, restored by Francis Bradshaw, is considered by architects to comprise part of a fourteenth-century building. Tradition says a wing of this house was pulled down during the eighteenth century and the material was used to build the Royal Oak Inn at Chapel.
Another story, common to many old houses, is of a secret passage from. Bradshaw to Shallcross Hall. Of this there is no trace, nor is there of a similar passage to Chapel Church, as according to the latest fable there should be. Recently a very plausible explanation, which is commended to legend mongers, was given by an engineer who has studied this subject. He suggests that these passages were nothing more than ways to the household rubbish dump, and, if this theory is correct, this gives a simple reason for their existence and for the fact that they cannot now be traced for any distance.
The story, often repeated that John Bradshaw who presided at the trial of Charles I, owned or lived at Bradshaw Hall is totally unfounded. He was the great grandson of William Bradshaw the second son of Henry Bradshaw of Bradshaw Hall died This William was tenant of Marple Hall which was afterwards purchased by his son Henry the grandfather of the regicide. According to an old pedigree in the possession of Mr. Bowles, the mother of John Milton, the poet, was a member of the family of Bradshaw of Marple. Goodwin, in his history of the Commonwealth, speaks of John Bradshaw as a kinsman of Milton.
Very full and interesting accounts, well illustrated, of the family and of the Hall will be found in volumes xxiv and xxv of D. By a deed of 6 Feb. The remainder, known as Sparkbottom, after being owned by the Fox of Fawfield Head, Staffordshire and Potter families now belongs to representatives of the Taylors. Adjoins Bradshaw Hall and extended originally to Crossings Road.
The P. Clementson, Artifex ,. Marchington and Wm. This William sold two fields to Mary daughter of Nicholas Smith p. The remainder passed to Francis Gee who married Elizabeth Marchenton and, dying in , devised the estate to his widow, who in turn left it to Franics Morten of Brosterfield, gent. His descendants held the property until, in , they sold to the present owner.
From prior to to was part of the Legh estate, Robert Gee, a member of an old family living in Glossop parish at the beginning of the sixteenth century was tenant of Lidgate in Thomas Bagshawe. The Gees remained at Lidgate till about when they sold to the Needhams of Rushop. Clegg records many visits to their house; one on Dec. Of this family was the Rev. John Gee, curate of Taxal from to his death in His tomb is in Taxal Church.
He lived at Chapel at Chestnut House, now demolished, near to the present National Schools and according to his will, he occupied a small farm adjoining his house. He also owned some land at Smithbrook. A suggestion that he was Curate at Chapel has not been verified. Peters, Derby. He returned to Chapel in and was buried in the chancel on 1 May Lidgate passed from the Needhams, by purchase, to the Marriotts, a Cheshire family, who, early in the present century disposed of it to the present owner.
The high ground surrounding the summit of Eccles Pike ft. With Hall Hill and Diglatch it belonged in l to Thomas Kirk and William Hobson: in Christopher Kirk was in possession of Laneside and his descendants so continued till when Peter Bramwell became the owner by purchase whose representatives sold in to the present owners. Over the front door is inscribed, for Thomas Kirk and is wife Frances. One of the earliest extant deeds relating to the parish is one dated at the Chapel of Frith on the Sunday next after the Feast of S. Thomas the Martyr Son of Richd de Hurdefield. This field was part of Laneside.
Another charter is a feoffment of Thos. Martin in Winter Nov. Hobson grants her interest in the same premises to Thurstan Kirke? The charter of is here reproduced. An article upon it and some notes on the Kirkes of Whitehough appears in D. It should be observed, as pointed out in the before mentioned article, that there are discrepancies in these which do not appear consonant with later investigations. She was a Royalist and her estate was sequestrated by the Parliament in , Since then these farms have passed through several hands and are now part of the Fleming estate.
The late Mr. Henry Kirke suggested that Hall Hill was once the principal home of the Kirkes but there is no confirmation of this. It is possible that the Kirkes were there as stewards or attorneys of the Vernons. Courses Farm of the south side of Charley Lane was the home of another Kirke family. They were probably a branch of that of Whitehough but there is no direct evidence of this, Henry Kyrke of Courses was a witness to a livery of seisin by Agnes Ashton of Stodhart in and his name appears in the D. In the Rolls for and the owner is Reynold Kyrke and in it is again Henry.
By Courses had been acquired by the Allens of Pyegreave and on the death of Thomas Allen in his real. The house to-day is an excellent example of the better class Derbyshire farmhouse. It had a very fine arched kitchen in which were three fireplaces: the domestic hearth, one for oat cakes and one to heat the cheese room overhead.
Back or Far Courses, now known as The Courses, adjoining the last mentioned property appears to have for many years been the home o the Dixon family two of the fields still bearing their name. Dyksone, a husbandman, is named in the P. In Thos. Dyckson paid rent for land under the heading Whitehough and John Dicson appears in and Bagshawe of The Ridge and it passed with the rest of his property to the Gisbornes who held it till The old house, dismantled about that time, which stood a little to the east of the modern farmhouse is described as very much like the Courses Farmhouse, now Flemings.
It had a large room, stone flagged and. The last portion being the kitchen of the old house with a chamber over, evidently ancient, was pulled down a few years ago. The name Whitehough or Whitehalgh seems to have been applied in early times, rather loosely, to a considerable area in Bradshaw Edge. Most of these lands have changed hands and the boundaries have been altered during the last two centuries and it is therefore not possible to trace the ownerships so clearly as could have been wished.
Whitehough Hall. In Ralph Kirke was Demandant in a fine relating to premises in Whitehalgh. In and this 6 d. According to a sale plan dated , Thornholm lay on the south side of the Blackbrook and is now the site of Messrs. So much of. Whitehough Hall as remain is an interesting late Elizabethan building. On the death, in , of Samuel Kirke his property passed to his only surviving child, Catherine, by his second wife Mary, Daughter of George Allen of Pyegreave.
She married in the Rev. Wm Plumbe, M. These ladies disposed of the whole estate in when about acres were sold in addition to land at Cote Bank and Ancoats in Bugsworth. Whitehough Hall and land was bought by John Booth the occupier, and the other part, including land called Buller Carr, was purchased by Mr. Goodman and others. Booth erected a paper mill on some of the land, now the site of Whitehall Mills. An earlier William was witness to the Grant of before mentioned. This appears to have included the farm later know as Wilshaw as well as that.
The former passed from Carrington to Robert Kirk and in belonged to. Samuel Hide to whose descendant it passed by the devise of his great uncle John Hyde and was disposed of by the Hollinshead family in Another part, later known as Higher Whitehough Head, passed to the Yeaveleys. In George Yeaveley of Chapel, yeoman, gave this and other lands to Richard, his son and heir, and in Thomas Yeaveley and Constance his wife sold this part to John and Richard Bennett of Little Hayfield and the latter settled at Whitehough. Many years later: after the Plumbe sale some of the old Kirk estate near the Thornyholmes was acquired by John Ibbotson, who prior to had founded a paper mill called The forge.
This mill was later owned for many years by the Slacks of Hayfield, but becoming derelict, was purchased by Messrs J. Hadfield as the nucleus of their large modern works. It is said that in the forties of the last century the paper for the first issues of The Illustrated London News was made at the old mill. Christopher Bennett, in had encumbered his property and it was sold and is now dispersed. Part of this was a close Chinley Green sold. On the northern slope of Eccles Pike is one of the few estates which has not changed hands but has devolved by will or settlement for nearly five centuries.
The name of Moult, under divers forms of spelling, occurs at Eccles from the end of the fifteenth century but the family were no doubt settled there at an earlier date see p. Mold are assessed to Poll Tax. In the early seventeenth century Elizabeth daughter and heiress of Thomas Moult of Eccles married German, son of German Buxton of Brassington: their son William Buxton died without issue and devised the estate to Sarah, the daughter of another Thomas Moult, afterwards of Eccles. Sarah married in l, George Goodman of the parish of S.
Alkmund, Derby, gentleman: their grandson Mr. Thomas Moult, Junr. His descendants, who lived at The Naze, acquired considerable property. The instructions to his executors left by William Moult of Chinley who died in , show that he must have had some humour and not a little common sense, It should be remembered that funerals then were great and expensive functions also that householders were less numerous in Chinley: I.
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