Download PDF Community Livability: Issues and Approaches to Sustaining the Well-Being of People and Communities

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Chapters examine the effect and importance of transportation alternatives to the elderly, the significance of walkability as a factor in developing a livable and healthy community, the importance of good open space providing for human activity and health, the importance of coordinated land use and transportation planning, and the relationship between livability and quality of life. Mellon Foundation this year. An expert on African warzones and militarization, Hoffman will use the fellowship to study architecture and urban planning through the UW College of Built Environments and in South Africa with scholars of postcolonial cities.

That has changed in the last few years. How cities are put together and how people move through them are now being considered by military thinkers. It has implications for urban military operations, including how a military could isolate parts of a city if a mass pandemic broke out. In addition to supporting advanced interdisciplinary training for individual scholars, the Mellon Foundation hopes the New Directions program will contribute to the development of interdisciplinary courses and cross-disciplinary teaching collaborations.

Disability, Law, Policy and the Community poster session May 24 Students from the class Disability Law, Policy and the Community will present their research on the effects of various policies on individuals with disabilities in a poster session from to a. The event is free and open to the public. Minority Affairs and Diversity hosts undergraduate research conference More than 70 undergraduate McNair scholars and colleagues representing 14 universities will converge at the UW for a research conference , May The results can be used to create evaluation criteria and indicators for evaluating specific transportation and land use decisions TDM Planning and Implementation.

A livable community tends to value having a unique identify that makes it special and instills a sense of community pride. Positive personal interactions between people including residents, employees and visitors contribute to community livability. This refers to the degree of social networking in a community, including the degree to which residents cooperate and interact.

Walking is a primary way that people travel, interact and experience their community. Opportunities for fun, exercise and informal community interaction. Respect, fairness and consideration of people with special needs are important for community livability. Fabish and Haas recommend the following livability program performance indicators:. Planning and investment practices should give traffic reduction and management strategies intended to achieve community livability objectives equal consideration as roadway and parking capacity expansion.

Techniques should be developed and used that help stakeholders understand such impacts.

Issues and Approaches to Sustaining the Well-Being of People and Communities, 2nd Edition

The analysis indicates that, all else being equal, residents of urban regions with more vibrant downtowns drive less, rely more on walking and public transport, consume less fuel and produce less vehicle emissions than in urban regions with less vibrant downtowns. Census data indicate that metropolitan areas with more vibrant downtowns experienced less sprawl between and This suggests that vibrancy influences land-use patterns, and land-use patterns in turn influence driving and public transit use.

Context Sensitive Design CSD is a new approach to transportation planning that examines the role that streets and roads can play in enhancing communities and natural environments -- be they urban, suburban or rural, scenic or historical. Through a planning and design process that encourages practitioners to collaborate with communities, context sensitive design responds to local needs and values while accommodating the safe movement of motor vehicles.

To take advantage of this new way of doing business, Project for Public Spaces www. Walkability can support community livability in several ways. It provides health-related benefits from physical exercise, basic mobility and accessibility, mental health and social benefits of reduced isolation, and affordability. Like economic and human capital, social capital is considered to have important values to both individuals and communities. Rogers, et al. Residents living in neighborhoods of varying built form and thus varying levels of walkability in three communities in New Hampshire were surveyed about their levels of social capital and travel behaviors.

The results indicate that levels of social capital are higher in more walkable neighborhoods. In a study comparing residents of Orenco Station, a new Transit-Oriented , New Urbanist community, with other Portland communities, Steuteville found that:. The quality of group activities in Orenco Station appears to be higher than the other neighborhoods.

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Orenco Station residents most commonly cite group dinners, book clubs, and other informal neighborhood activities. The only common group activities in the other neighborhoods were neighborhood watch and homeowners association meetings. The study notes that in Orenco Station residents meet primarily for social reasons, while in the other neighborhoods they meet mostly to address safety and property issues. This achievement likely contributes not only to environmental sustainability but to personal health in Orenco Station as well, the researchers note.

Both communities are located within a quarter-mile of a light rail station. Orenco Station has pedestrian-friendly infrastructure, while the Beaverton suburb has few sidewalks. Twelve percent of Beaverton residents use mass transit 5 or more times a week, and 4 percent use it 3 to 4 times a week.

Designing cities for good health

Nine percent of Orenco Station residents use mass transit 5 or more times a week, and 7 percent use it 3 to 4 times a week. Part of this can probably be attributed to the completion of the town center. A higher number of residents also supported more affordable housing in Orenco Station in relative to This finding could be interpreted in two ways — one is that Orenco residents are growing more open to diversity; another is that Orenco has failed to adequately attract minorities and accommodate those with lesser means.

This rating held up even in light of the cost differential between Orenco Station and surrounding suburbs. This guidebook, produced for the U. Federal Highway Administration, illustrates how livability principles have been incorporated into transportation planning, programming, and project design, using examples from State, regional, and local sponsors. It is intended to be useful to a diverse audience of transportation agency staff, partners, decision-makers, and the general public, and is applicable in urban, suburban, and rural areas.

While several of the example projects address capacity and operational issues on major roadways, the Guidebook primarily explores how transportation planning and programs can improve community quality of life, enhance environmental performance, increase transportation and housing choice while lowering costs, and support economic vitality. Many of the case studies resolve capacity and operational issues through a multimodal network and systems approach, reflecting better integration of land use with transportation.

The report, Livability for Montana Transportation investigates the meaning of livability for use by the Montana Department of Transportation. Transportation plans and projects should result in a transportation system that integrates with and supports local land use plans, affordable housing projects, and similar efforts that encourage a livable community structure. Cul-de-sacs and streets designed around specific land development limit connectivity. A well-designed grid system promotes connectivity.

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Such values may include aesthetically pleasing transportation corridors and pedestrian safety. National Association of Regional Councils and the U. It provides a foundation for applying more comprehensive community planning, including more accessible development and multi-modal transport planning. It is home to tens of thousands of residents and 2.

This puts undue strain on the area, especially the transport system, which is forced to accommodate more travelers in one day than the total population of most European cities. This area is currently strangled by unsustainable transport infrastructure. The network of old, narrow streets that gives the area its charm also makes it challenging to access the historic sites and to pass through the city walls to walk along the seashore. It is a beautiful document which could serve as a model for livable community planning in other cities.

A study used data from eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey to evaluate how commute mode and duration affects overall psychological wellbeing. The results indicate that after accounting for changes in individual-level socioeconomic characteristics and potential confounding variables relating to work, residence and health, significant associations were observed between overall psychological wellbeing and commute travel. Switching from car travel or public transport to active travel was associated with an improvement in wellbeing when compared to maintaining car travel or public transport.

Negative associations were identified between time spent driving and wellbeing. The likelihood of reporting being constantly under strain or unable to concentrate was higher when participants used car travel, compared to active travel, after correction for multiple comparisons. This manual, developed by a team of planners, engineers and designers for the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, presents best current urban street design practices to maximize health, safety, livability and sustainability.

It provides information and a template that can be adopted, modified, customized, or expanded as appropriate. It includes chapters on street and intersection design, universal pedestrian access, pedestrian crossings, bikeway design, transit accommodation, traffic calming, streetscape ecosystems including stormwater management, landscaping and street furniture , placemaking, land use policies, retrofitting suburbia, and community engagement. In a study by Professor Kathleen Wolf , consumers were shown photos of retail streets with and without trees to inner-city residents across the US and asked how much they would be willing to pay for a variety of items at each location.

Community Livability: Issues and Approaches to Sustaining the Well-Being of People and Communities

They perceived shops on tree-lined streets as better maintained, having a more pleasant atmosphere, and as likely having higher quality products. Participants also indicated that they were willing to travel farther to those shops expanding the customer pool and to pay more for parking. Wit and Humor. Joe, Walter and George survived an airplane crash in the blazing hot Sahara desert.

How to Make Cities Liveable

Searching around, they found an ancient bottle, which they opened, hoping it contained something to drink. Instead, a Genie emerged. As a repayment, I will grant each of you one wish. Joe steps forward first. Let me show you how to make a more useful wish. Joe and Walter watch incredulously as George stands before a car door, while the Genie blows away in a cloud of dust. Livability , American Institute of Architects www. Bruce S. Appleyard , et al. Center for Livable Communities www. Janet Choi , Joseph F.

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  • The Oxford Handbook of Quaker Studies (Oxford Handbooks).
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Complete Streets www. Congress for the New Urbanism www. USDOT www. Federal Highway Administration www. David J. Forkenbrock and Glen E. Ann Forsyth , et al. Matthew J. Holian and Matthew E. Richard E. Federal Highway Administration is supporting livability objectives. William Lucy and David L. Living Streets www. It provides a variety of information on ways of making streets and urban neighborhoods more livable. Maaza C. This document provides guidance for updating local land-use codes to help local governments implement the Growth Concept. Diana C.

Org www. Project for Public Spaces www. Shannon H.

How do we create liveable cities? First, we must work out the key ingredients

John Stanley , David A. Marc Schlossberg , et al. Handbook for residents describes how to request various street improvements, including traffic calming. Susan Shaheen , et al.