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Read more. Most commonly asked questions about Coursera Coursera. Get personalized course recommendations, track subjects and courses with reminders, and more. Home Subjects Social Sciences Law. Facebook Twitter Envelope Url. Found in Law. Never miss a course! Add as "Interested" to get notified of this course's next session. Go to class. Start now for free! Sign up. Constitution and landmark Supreme Court cases interpreting it.

Topics include the nature and structure of the federal government, the powers of the federal government, and individual rights. The Constitution and Three Branches of Government Classes 1, 2, and 3 discuss why we need a Constitution and the history that preceded its drafting. You will learn about the two conflicting lessons the founders learned from the Revolution and the failure of the Articles of Confederation: the national government can become a tyrant if it is too strong, but the nation will fall apart if it is too weak.

These lectures explore how the drafters sought to balance these concerns in the original Constitution and the many compromises it contains. You will also learn about two approaches to interpreting the Constitution: Originalism and Living Constitutionalism. Classes 4, 5, and 6 explore the powers of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government and the separation of powers between those branches. The Framers gave the federal government limited powers, and divided those powers among the three branches in order to protect individual liberty and state authority.

Amendments and the First Amendment This segment first explores constitutional amendments, including the Bill of Rights, and the Reconstruction and Progressive-era Amendments. Then, we will take a detailed look at one of the most important amendments: the First. We will learn about the constitutional protections for speech and religion, how they have changed over time, and how they apply to various circumstances. Finally, we will learn about the Establishment Clause and what it means in today's society.

Criminal Procedure and Federalism and Nationalism We begin here by looking at another group of very important constitutional provisions: the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments, which guarantee rights to individuals accused of committing crimes. Describe the different phases of congressional power over commerce, as adjudged by the US Supreme Court over time.

Explain what power the states retain over commerce, and how the Supreme Court may sometimes limit that power.

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Describe how the Supreme Court, under the supremacy clause of the Constitution, balances state and federal laws that may be wholly or partly in conflict. Explain how the Bill of Rights relates to business activities in the United States. Licenses and Attributions. Chen, ed. Francis Fukuyama. Jeffrey S. Erin F. Delaney and Rosalind Dixon, eds. Comparative Judicial Review Joshua Phang.

For the fourth time since February, the Slovak Parliament failed to select candidates to replace constitutional judges whose term of office has expired. Only seven judges remain to run the most powerful court in the country. What is more, as the Parliament enters summer recess, the next round of hearings will not begin until mid-September. Two senates of the Court are now defunct because there are not enough judges to staff them. The Court has been overrun with unassigned cases and a terrible backlog.

Introduction: Constitutional Law and US Commerce | Business and the Legal Environment

The PCC has two potent statutory and one informal power that allow him to put pressure on the Parliament and contribute to the selection process: 1 the power to nominate candidates for constitutional judges; 2 to attend parliamentary sessions; and 3 the exclusive power to speak for the Court.

In this contribution, I examine these three powers that have great defensive potential. Their introduction is available here. Brazilian politics has taken a turn to the far right.


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The elections brought to office President Jair Bolsonaro, who, in less than one year, had gone from being a fringe congressman to almost winning the elections in the first round. Bolsonado adopted an anti-establishment and social conservative discourse that marked a shift in the center of gravity in Brazilian politics. Taking initial steps towards his campaign promises, Bolsonaro has introduced measures to make it easier to own and carry a gun and to dismantle the existing structure of civil society councils within the executive branch.

The decree extinguishing civil society councils was ruled partially unconstitutional by the STF on formal grounds , and, while Bolsonaro has somewhat backtracked regarding the gun possession decree, it is still possible that the court will rule on the matter in the near future. In the last few months, the STF has been making important advances in protecting some minorities and vulnerable groups. In terms of design, the STF is both powerful and independent, and Brazilian politics has become so judicialized that any controversial political issues are bound to trigger constitutional review.

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Do these episodes suggest that the STF — currently composed of judges entirely appointed by governments to the left of Bolsonaro — will use these powers to act as a check on the government in the near future? In this post, I will briefly discuss three points that, taken together, caution against assuming that the STF will necessarily be able or willing to counter all potentially controversial measures of the Bolsonaro government.

I would describe Brazil as an ongoing experiment in the effects of the post-truth wave on public institutions and spaces. If post-truth is a global phenomenon, with president Mr. The election of Mr. Jair Bolsonaro as the president of Brazil is one of the most recent milestones of the post-truth wave, which is characterized by the persecution of academics and science, the distrust of journalists, and the dissemination of fake news via social media channels.

United States constitutional law

Bolsonaro has not changed the composition of the Brazilian Supreme Court, yet. During his tenure, it is expected that he will have the opportunity to nominate at least two new Justices to the Court, which could significantly shift the power balance on sensitive issues, particularly those involving the rights of minority groups.

Recently, Mr. Lula to jail, had been considered the top candidate. Given the recent radical change in the political scenario, the Brazilian Supreme Court now has a particularly crucial role in protecting fundamental rights for women, LGBTQI, and racial minorities. However, to honor its mandate of protecting the Constitution, the Court has to strengthen its capacity to resist the post-truth mindset that dominates politics in Brazil.

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As a professor of methodology to Law students, I have been following a path in changing the legal mindset in country. The Brazilian Supreme Court is characterized by high autonomy and broad authority [1] , which renders it a central policy player. The Brazilian Constitution, similar to that of other Latin American countries, has a long list of economic and social rights, combined with broad access to justice opened to individual and collective actors.

Read the rest of this entry…. No Comments. So here are some guidelines to this act of high academic citizenship.

Developments in Constitutional Courts The Supreme Court of Indonesia rejected an appeal by a woman who was sentenced to six months in prison for recording and sharing a phone conversation she had with her boss to prove that he was sexually harassing her. Agha of the Sindh High Court, for allegations of irregular possession of properties.

The Prosecutor General of Ukraine filed a notification of suspicion against a former Constitutional Court judge, Serhii Vdovychenko, in connection with the case in which former president Viktor Yanukovych is suspected of usurping power. The High Court of Australia will hear an appeal against the judgment of the Federal Court, which ruled that beaches north of Broome, Western Australia are the exclusive possession of native title holders.

The case will now be heard on August Judgment here. In the News The Hungarian National Assembly passed a controversial bill which drastically reduces the financial and operational autonomy of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences as well as certain other research institutions. The High Court of Tanzania issued a judgment on the human rights implications of suspending the Southern African Development Community Tribunal — regional court set up to consider disputes between states as well as between individuals and states.

The Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa dismissed an application by Julius Malema, leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters party, challenging the constitutionality of one of the last remaining pieces of apartheid-era law. A proposal in the Dominican Republic that would amend the constitution to allow President Danilo Medina to run for a third term in office sparked protest from opposition lawmakers and critics.

The parliamentary opposition parties in Romania lodged a proposal to revise the Constitution that would disable amnesty and pardon in cases where persons have been convicted for corruption. Donald Kommers to the field of constitutional law and beyond. To find the symposium on the book organized by Balinkization, follow this link.